Дидактичні матеріали до спецкурсу «Країнознавство США». Плани-конспекти уроків
Practical training «American youth»
Aims and objectives:
- to practise vocabulary and grammar;
- to develop skills in reading, listening and speaking;
- to expand students' knowledge about lifestyle of American youth.
Greeting. Introducing the topic
T. Good morning! Today we’re going to work on the topic «American youth».
Task 1. Answer the questions.
1. What is a typical American teenager?
2. What are the problems of American youth?
3. What do you think about «generation gap»?
4. What youth organizations in the USA do you know? What is their role?
5. What is the attitude of American youth towards politics?
II. THE MAIN PART
Reading and grammar
Task 2. Read the text and put the verbs in brackets into the correct form.
THE VALUES OF AMERICAN YOUTHS
Most American youths ... (to look forward to) their future with hope and optimism. According to the survey «The Mood of American Youth», teenagers ... (to place) a high priority on education and careers. While filled with high hopes about the years before them, today’s students ... (not to labor) under any misconceptions about what they must ... (to do) ... (to realize) their aspirations. They ... (to admit) that hard work ... (to lie) ahead and . (to claim) they ... (to be willing) ... (to make) the sacrifices needed ... (to reach) their goals.
Many young people ... (to head) toward four-year colleges and universities. More than half of all students in the United States ... (to plan) ... (to earn) a college degree. Many others ... (to look forward to) getting a job after high school or attending a two-year junior college. Others ... (to plan) on getting married. The median age for males getting married for the first time ... (to be) 26.2 years old, for females — 23.8 years old.
Other young people ... (to intend) ... (to join) the armed forces or volunteer organizations. For some, travel ... (to be) the next step in gaining experience beyond high school.
During the early 1980s, career success ... (to be) the prime goal of most young people. But, by the end of the decade, attitudes ... (to change) and young people ... (to become) more idealistic. A 1989 survey of high school leaders ... (to show) that «making a contribution to society» ... (to be) more than twice as important to young people as «making a lot of money».
American youth ... (to concern) about problems confronting both their own communities and the world around them. Young people in the United States ... (to concern) also are concerned with global issues such as nuclear war and world hunger. They ... (to care) for other people around the world, as ... (to be) evident by such efforts as «The Children for Children Project», in the course of which a group of New York City children ... (to work) ... (to raise) $250,000 ... (to help) the starving children of Ethiopia in 1985. Then they ... (to challenge) other students in the United States ... (to join) in the fund-raising activities. Also in 1985, a benefit called «Live Aid» ... (to stage) two rock music concerts simultaneously in England and the United States and . (to raise) about $50 million ... (to bring) relief to starving people in Africa.
Task 3. Agree or disagree. Expound the point of view given in the statement or prove that it is false.
1. Most American youths look forward to their future with hope and optimism.
2. American youth place a high priority on marriage and family.
3. They are not ready to work hard to reach their goals.
4. More than half of all students in the United States plan to earn a college degree.
5. Some young people are willing to join the armed forces or volunteer organizations.
6. During the early 1980s, family was the prime goal of most young people.
7. «Making a lot of money» is more important for young people than «making a contribution to society».
8. American youth are concerned only about problems confronting their own communities.
9. In the course of «The Children for Children Project» a group of New York City children worked to raise $250,000 to open a new school in Ethiopia.
10. «Live Aid» raised about $50 million to bring relief to starving people in Africa.
Task 4. Translate the following word combinations from English into Ukrainian. Use these word combinations to make up your sentences.
1) troubled youth
2) parental supervision
3) to affect the life and outlook
4) to make ends meet
5) role model to emulate
6) behavioral disorders
7) to get out of hand
8) to turn for help
Task 5. Listen to the text.
As complexities increase in American society, the numbers of troubled youth are also on the rise. Troubled youth come from every component of society both social and economic. Troubled youth transcend communal, racial and economic lines. Parents find less time to spend with family and youth without parental supervision have greater access to drugs and alcohol, interaction with other troubled youth and adult media all of which adversely affect the life and outlook of the young adolescent.
There are many reasons why America has troubled youth. In most American families, both parents need to work full time to make ends meet. As the number of broken families increase, many adolescents live in single parent homes where one parent single handedly struggles to play the role of two parents. Parents have lesser and lesser time for disciplining and helping their troubled adolescent children. Children are exposed to adult media over the internet, on TV and in the movies. Modern children suffer from complex psychological issues like low self esteem, depression, ADD and ADHD. In some cases the parents are unstable and the teen has no role model to emulate. Alcohol and drugs are easily available and in a permissive society teen pregnancies are on the rise.
The consequences of problems in teens can be seen in the many newspaper reports of school shoot outs by young adolescent children, teen pregnancies, teen substance addicts and teen criminal offenders. Behavioral disorders and eating disorders in young men and women are a direct result of psychological problems faced by them.
There are many ways of preventing adolescent trouble. Parents should become role models for their troubled teens. Parents should try to spend more time with their children. Working from home in the electronic age could help young people have greater parental supervision. Parental intervention in a non intimidating way to correct the behavior, the social interaction and the activities of their adolescent children will help prevent teen trouble in the future. When things get out of hand, parents should seek professional help through the help of adolescent psychologists. The school will have a psychologist who will help address the problems of the teenager.
There is great potential in reforming the troubled youth of America. The nation as a whole addresses the problem seriously. Governments and religious groups organize programs to help troubled teenagers to lead a positive, responsible and well adjusted life. America has the great convenience of being a free country and any abuses by programs and other establishments that aim to reform troubled adolescents are exposed by the media and other groups and the system is constantly reformed and regulated by legislation. Special programs are organized for youth with special problems. Reform methods are not only being developed constantly but re evaluated and improved.
Troubled youth in America have the good fortune of being able to turn for help at every step. They are fortunate to live in a concerned nation and a helpful society. The causes of their problems are addressed and every effort is made to give them a positive and stable future.
Task 6. Complete the sentences.
1. The numbers of troubled youth are ... .
2. Youth without parental supervision ... .
3. As the number of broken families increase, many adolescents ... .
4. Children are exposed to ... .
5. ... are a direct result of psychological problems.
6. Working from home ... .
7. When things get out of hand, parents should ... .
8. Governments and religious groups ... .
Task 7. Answer the questions.
1. What is «troubled youth»?
2. What are the reasons why America has troubled youth?
3. What are the consequences of these problems?
4. What are the ways of preventing adolescent trouble?
5. What is the role of governments and religious groups in preventing adolescent trouble?
6. What do you think about troubled youth? Does this problem exist in our country?
Task 8. Read and complete the text with the words from the box.
Increase; concerns; independent; party; candidate; supportive; indicate; keeping up; campaigns; top; affairs; views; turnout; group; problems; volunteer
YOUTH AND POLITICS
Young Americans take a significant interest in presidential races, and many are ready to help their preferred ... achieve victory. Recent polls have shown that, like the national average, voter . among young Americans is rising. From 2000 to 2004 turnout among 18 — to 29-year-olds increased 9 percent, more than double the overall turnout ... . Today, polls ... that youth turnout in 2008 could once again increase.
Young Americans are paying close attention to both American politics and international ... . Young Americans share many of the ... of those in other generations. The war in Iraq and health care are their ... concerns; views that match most national polls.
A poll conducted by the Pew Research Center for the People and the Press in March showed that 85 percent of 18- to 29-year-olds say they are interested in ... with national affairs. But the poll also found that this group does not necessarily share their parents’ and grandparents’ ... on all issues and how to address them. Youth are more ... of U.S. leaders meeting unconditionally with heads of rogue nations. They’re also strong believers that international organizations such as the United Nations should take the lead in solving international ... .
About 40 percent of young people consider themselves to be ... , while 35 percent say they are Democrats and 25 percent are Republicans. Many young people from both parties, about 37 percent, are unsatisfied with the current political parties and say that a third … is needed, according to the PEW Research Center.
Young Americans are ready to help out in ... . More than a third said that they would ... for a campaign if asked. More than half said they would join a candidate’s online ... , such as a Facebook group.
Reading and speaking
Task 9. Read and discuss the quotations of famous Americans about youth.
1. We cannot always build the future for our youth, but we can build our youth for the future. (Franklin D. Roosevelt)
2. The secret of eternal youth is arrested development. (Alice Roosevelt Longworth)
3. The young know how truly difficult and dreadful youth can be. Their youth is wasted on everyone else, that’s the horror. The young have no authority, no respect. (Anne Rice)
4. You can only be young once. But you can always be immature. (Dave Barry)
5. Don’t laugh at a youth for his affectations; he is only trying on one face after another to find his own. (Logan Pearsall Smith)
6. There’s nothing that keeps its youth, So far as I know, but a tree and truth. (Oliver Wendell Holmes)
7. In case you’re worried about what’s going to become of the younger generation, it’s going to grow up and start worrying about the younger generation. (Roger Allen)
III. SUMMING UP
Task 10. Answer the questions.
1. What are the values of American teenagers?
2. What are the problems of American youth?
3. What can you say about youth and politics?
Choose a quotation and expound the point of view given in it.