Дидактичні матеріали до спецкурсу «Країнознавство США». Плани-конспекти уроків
Practical training «American holidays and traditions»
Aims and objectives:
- to practise students' habits of getting additional information from the text;
- to develop students' speaking, writing and grammar skills;
- to expand the vocabulary related to the topic.
Greeting. Introducing the topic
T. Good morning! Today we’re going to work on the topic «American holidays and traditions».
Task 1. Read the quotation and express your opinion.
✵ This is the secret of America; a nation of people with the fresh memory of old traditions who dare to explore new frontiers...
Task 2. Match the names of holidays with their descriptions.
1. Thanksgiving Day
a) This holiday is celebrated on the fourth Thursday to recall the goodness of God in blessing the Pilgrims with the first good harvest
b) This holiday is the chief Christian feast which the resurrection of Christ and is held on the first Sunday after the first full moon that comes after the spring
c) This holiday is marked on the evening of October 31 preceding All Saint Day and is especially loved by children who on this day enjoy wearing strange costumes and getting treats
4. Independence Day
d) It is annual festival commemorating the birth of Christ and observed by Orthodox Church on January, 7
e) It is also called the Fourth of July, it’s a national holiday marked by patriotic displays
II. THE MAIN PART
Reading and grammar
Task 3. Read and complete the text with the words from the box.
Success; to thank; patriotic; celebrated; mistletoe; a thirteen-gun salute; plum-pudding; greetings; the harvest; model chicks; Santa Claus; pumpkin; traditionally; door-to-door; origins; trim; egg-rolling race; centerpiece; candy canes; feast; roasted; vacations; hard-working
The idea of ... is important to Americans. They believe that if they work hard they can have what they want and be what they want. This is a part of what they call «the American Dream». Perhaps this is why Americans are so ... . They do not take many ... . There are only five national holidays that are celebrated in every state. These are New Year’s Day, Independence Day, Labour Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas Day. On these days, government offices, post offices, and banks are closed.
There are other important public holidays, but they are not everywhere. Seven states, for example, do not celebrate Columbus Day. And some special days are not public holidays ... at all.
Thanksgiving Day is the oldest American holiday. It was first celebrated in October 1621. The Pilgrims had arrived in the New World from Europe on the Mayflower in the winter of 1620. They had worked hard all during the spring and summer of the following year. As ... was good the Pilgrims wanted ... God for it.
Their first thanksgiving ... lasted three days and the celebration was repeated every year. Now the holiday is celebrated on the fourth Thursday in November.
Thanksgiving is ... celebrated with a feast shared among friends and family. It’s an important family holiday and people often travel across the country to be with family members for the holiday. The Thanksgiving holiday is generally a «four day» weekend in the United States. It is almost entirely celebrated at home. The ... of contemporary Thanksgiving is a large meal in the late afternoon or evening, starring a large ... turkey. Because turkey is the most common main dish of a Thanksgiving dinner, Thanksgiving is sometimes colloquially called «Turkey Day».
Christmas is a family holiday. Everybody tries to come home for Christmas. People send Christmas ... to their friends. Children sing carols and ... their Christmas tree. Parents hang up little ... for the children. They use of ... is a part of Christmas decoration. The custom was for a berry to be removed from the bough every time a girl was kissed under it. Americans believe that ... comes down the chimney with a big bag of toys. The whole family has a big Christmas dinner. There is a traditional ... dessert. Santa Clauses welcome the customers with bell ring.
Easter is less important in Protestant America than in many other countries. There are hollow chocolate bunnies, baskets of candy and ... on sale, together with greeting cards, but there is no public holiday despite Easter Monday being celebrated by many. There is still a traditional Easter Monday ... each year on the White House lawn. Some cities have Easter Parades with games and sports and a big Easter egg hunt.
Independence Day is also called the Fourth of July. It is a national holiday marked by ... displays. Many politicians make it a point on this day to appear at a public event to praise the nation’s heritage and people. Parades are often held the morning of the 4th; the evening is usually marked by public displays of firework. The army fires ... , to commemorate the first thirteen independent American State.
Halloween is a holiday celebrated on the night of October 31st, usually by children dressing on costumes and going ... collecting sweets. If you don’t give anything to them, they play tricks on you, like taking the garbage bin in front of your door or throwing flour on your windows. Halloween is a traditional event both in Great Britain and in the USA, but it is much more popular among American children. Its ... are very old and go back to the times of Celts, who, on October 31st, celebrated the Celtic New Year and Samhain, the Lord of Death, Ghosts, witches and spirits are present in all Halloween celebrations and the symbol of Halloween is a ghostly figure called Jack-o’-lantern — a hollowed … which has holes cut in it to present a human face.
Task 4. Match the date with the event.
1. July 4th
2. October 31st
b) Independence Day
3. December 25th
c) Thanksgiving Day
Task 5. Are these sentences true or false? Correct the false ones.
1. There is still a traditional Easter Monday egg-rolling race each year on the Capitol lawn.
2. Many politicians make it a point on Thanksgiving Day to appear at a public event to praise the nation’s heritage and people.
3. Halloween is a traditional event both in Great Britain and in the USA, but it is much more popular among American children.
4. Parades on Independence Day are often held the morning of the 4 th.
5. Americans believe that Santa Claus comes down the chimney with a big bag of toys.
6. The custom was for a berry to be removed from the bough every time a girl was kissed under it.
7. The Pilgrims had arrived in the New World from Europe on the Mayflower in the spring of 1620.
8. There is a traditional plum-pudding dessert on Christmas.
9. The centerpiece of contemporary Thanksgiving is a large roasted turkey.
10. There are only four national holidays that are celebrated in every state.
Task 6. Complete the sentences, using the text and translate them.
1. The 4th of July is a national holiday because ... .
2. On October 31st the Celts celebrated ... .
3. The Pilgrims created Thanksgiving Day to ... .
4. Independence Day is a national holiday marked ... .
5. Some cities have Easter parades with games and sports ... .
6. Sometimes American families trim ... .
7. Thanksgiving days is traditionally celebrated with a feast shared ... .
8. Seven states, for example, do not celebrate ... .
Task 7. Turn the following sentences into the Passive form.
1. They throw flour at the windows of those who don’t give candies.
2. On Thanksgiving Day they stuffed turkey and pumpkin pie.
3. Americans fire a 13 — gun salute on 4th July.
4. Americans cut holes in the pumpkin to represent a human face.
5. Americans declared America independent on July 4th 1776.
6. The people give candies to the children at Halloween.
7. Many politicians make a speech on this day.
8. People decorate the stores in red and green.
III. SUMMING UP
Task 8. Answer the questions.
1. How do Americans celebrate the Independence Day?
2. What is the pre-history of the Thanksgiving?
3. What are the symbols of Christmas?
4. How do Americans celebrate Easter?
5. What is a symbol of Halloween?
6. Which tradition do Americans observe on the White House lawn?
7. What is the origin of «kissing under the mistletoe»?
8. What is the centerpiece of contemporary Thanksgiving?
1. You and your friend decide to have a Halloween party; decide together all the things you need to buy and make a shopping list.
2. Write a letter to an American pen friend telling him / her about a national holiday in your country.
(Use Internet sites: en. wikipedia.org./wiki/Wiki; www.wiki.com).