Підручник Англійська мова 7 клас (3-й рік навчання) - Л.І. Морська - Богдан 2015 рік

Unit 5 HOLIDAYS AND TRADITIONS

Lesson 40

1. Listen and read the dialogue. Act it out in pairs.

Buggy: Who are you? Are you Santa Claus?

Father Frost (Дід Мороз): I am Father Frost. I am from a very cold country. But I am going to Ukraine to give many presents to Ukrainian children.

Buggy: Do you have a present for me?

Father Frost: Are you Ukrainian?

Buggy: No, I am not. I am English. But I love presents.

Father Frost: You are going to have your present from Santa Claus, my brother.

Buggy: Oh, then I am going to wait for your brother.

2. Read the words and word combinations. Write them down into your exercise books.

Queen’s speech


промова королеви

to bake

[beik]

пекти

to cook

[kvk]

готувати страви

to fall on


припадати на

to guess

[ges]

здогадуватися

to sign

[sain]

підписувати

biscuit

['biskit]

тістечко

3. Listen and read the text. Make up the outline to retell the text.

ENGLISH HOLIDAYS

(Part I)

The English people have got many holidays in a year. The most popular holiday for them is Christmas and they celebrate it on the 25th of December. People give each other presents and send Christmas cards.

They also have their traditional Christmas dinner with stuffed turkey and Christmas pudding. The Queen’s speech is on television at three o’clock in the afternoon.

There is a big Christmas tree in Trafalgar Square in London.

Not all English people celebrate the New Year. Some of them have a New Year party on the 31st of December. The party usually begins at eight o’clock in the evening. At 12 they drink a toast to the New Year.

On the 14th of February the English people celebrate St. Valentine’s day. They send Valentine cards to the people they love. They don’t sign them — you must guess who sent the card to you. Girls usually bake Valentine biscuits, write the wishes for the boys they like on a piece of paper and put the paper into the biscuits. Then they give the biscuits to the boys. The boys read them and read the wishes.

4. Answer the questions.

1. What winter holidays do you know?

2. How do the English people celebrate Christmas?

3. What do the people usually do at Christmas?

4. When does the Queen have a speech on television?

5. How do the English people celebrate the New Year?

6. What holiday do the English people celebrate on the 14th of February?

7. What do they do on this holiday?

8. Why don’t they sign the Valentine cards?

5. Find 10 words in the chain of letters given below. Make u] sentence with each word.

6. Read the words and word combinations.

merriment

['merim(ə)nt]

розваги, веселощі

at midnight

[’midnait]

опівночі

to exchange

[iks't∫einʤ]

обмінюватися

a kiss

[kis]

поцілунок

arrival

[ə'rаiv(ə)l]

прихід

to take place


відбуватися

to give up


залишати, покидати

a habit

[’hæbit]

звичка

to turn over a new leaf


перегортати нову



сторінку, «починати



нове життя»

New Year resolutions


новорічні обіцянки

behaviour

[bi'heiviə]

поведінка

occasion

[ə’kеiʒ(ə)n]

подія

7. a) Listen and read the text. Answer the questions.

HOW AMERICANS CELEBRATE THE NEW YEAR

New Year’s Eve is the time for merriment. At midnight bells ring, and friends exchange kisses. Everyone stays up late to celebrate the arrival of another year.

One of the noisiest and most crowded New Year celebrations takes place in New York City at Times Square. Thousands of New Yorkers gather there.

With the arrival of the New Year many Americans try to start a new life and give up bad habits. People talk about how they will «turn over a new leaf’ in their lives. They make New Year resolutions, promise themselves and their families to improve their behaviour. The New Year arrival is a very serious and happy occasion for most Americans.

1. What do the Americans celebrate on the New Year’s Eve?

2. Where does the noisiest and most crowded New Year celebration in the USA take place?

3. When do the bells ring and friends exchange kisses?

4. What do many Americans talk about with the arrival of the New Year?

5. What do they make?

6. What do the Americans promise themselves and their families?

7. Is the New Year’s arrival a very serious and happy occasion for most Americans?

Types of Questions

My mother went to the USA last winter.

1. General (загальне запитання) — Did my mother go to the USA last winter?

2. Special (спеціальне запитання) — Whose mother went to the USA last winter? Who went to the USA last winter? (Питання до підмета або слів, що стосуються підмета, не потребує допоміжних дієслів).

When did ту mother до to the USA ?

Where did my mother go last winter?

What did my mother do last winter?

3. Alternative (альтернативне) — Did my mother go to the USA or France last winter?

Did my mother go to the USA last or this winter?

4. Disjunctive or tag question (розділове) — My mother went to the USA last winter, didn’t she?

b) Define the type of the questions given after the text.

8. Do the following quiz.

1. The English people celebrate St. Valentine’s day on …

a) the 14th of January

b) the 14th of December

c) the 14th of February

2. The English people usually watch … on television on the 25th of December.

a) the New Year’s Festival Show

b) the Queen’s speech

c) the President’s speech

3. Girls usually bake … for boys on St. Valentine’s day.

a) puddings

b) biscuits

c) stuffed turkey

4. There is a big Christmas tree in … in London.

a) Trafalgar Square

b) Times Square

c) Kensington Square

9. Read the tongue twisters as quickly as you can. Learn them.

• Santa’s sleigh slides on slick snow.

• Santa’s sack sags slightly.

• Santa stuffs Stephie’s striped stocking.

10. Complete the chart given below with the words from the text in exercise 7.

11. Rewrite sentence 3 from the text in exercise 7 into your exercise books and put all possible types of questions to it.






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