Підручник Англійська мова 7 клас для спеціалізованих навчальних закладів з поглибленим вивченням іноземної мови - Л.В. Калініна - Генеза 2015 рік

UNIT 2. Balance Your School Life

2.3. Who is absent today?

Word Bank

Phrase Bank

Communication Box

to attend

to be away from school

There was no chance

frostbite

to miss school

that …

exhaustion

to keep one’s perfect attendance

Surely, …

absentee

to be the centre of one’s universe

to pretend

to be in session

tardy

to bring a note from somebody

to catch up with one’s class

to lag behind one’s class

I. Conversation Warm-up

Look at the pictures and say why these schoolchildren are absent from school. Have you had excuses for not going to school? If yes, what excuses?

a sick day off

to be away on holiday

to be absent from school without a good reason

a snow day

to oversleep

Example: This girl has a sick day off. Perhaps, she is ill with flu.

II. Pronunciation Warm-up

Read the parts of the funny school poems and practise the sounds /ei/ and /u:/. Say if the school situations are the same or different in them.

I’m Staying Home From School Today

I’m staying home from school today.

I’d rather be in bed

pretending that I have a pain

that’s pounding in my head.

I’ll say I have a stomach ache.

I’ll claim I’ve got the flu.

I’ll shiver like I’m cold

and hold my breath until I’m blue…

Kenn Nesbitt

Today I’m not going to school

Today I’m not going to school,

I can’t face my lessons today,

problem is my Mum’s no fool,

she’s gonna make me go any way.

I can’t face my lessons today,

my fever’s a hundred and four,

she’s gonna make me go anyway,

Mum, I really can’t take any more.

Aoife Mannix

III. Grammar Smart

Read and remember.

Necessity: must or have to?

• If you want to say that something is necessary, use have to: Example: You have to go to school every day it is in session.

• If you want to say that something is a positive rule, use have to: Example: You have to wear a uniform to school.

• If you want to say that something is a rule you give to another person or to yourself, use must:

Example: I know I must hurry.

• If you want to say explain rules or instructions, use must not: Example: Remember, children, you must not be tardy.

• If there is no rule, use don’t have to, not mustn’t:

Example: You don’t have to go to school on holiday.

Don’t forget!

Don’t use must for past or future situations, use forms of have to instead:

Examples: I got sick and had to stay at home. (past)

You’ll have to bring a note from your parents (future).

1. Fill in must or have to.

1. We will … call your father to come after you.

2. You … wrap up warm, it’s very cold outside.

3. You will … keep moving to keep warm.

4. The girl … keep her perfect attendance that school year.

5. On her way to school, the girl … look at her watch.

6. Father said I … stay at home in such stormy weather.

2. Look at the pictures and explain the school rules.

not to be tardy

to bring a note from one’s parents

to do homework

Example: You have to wear a uniform to school.

3. Read the school problem page and give instructions.

Matt

I don’t want to go to school now. I can’t face my lessons today.

Sonia

I’m often late for school. What do I have to say when I come into the classroom?

Alex

I’ve been sick several times this semester. I’m lagging behind my class now.

Kate

I’ll be away from school on holiday. My parents are going to India and are taking me with them.

IV. Word Smart

1. Study the words and words combinations and:

a) Say which of them can help you talk about attending school and which — about being absent from school. Give examples.

excuse to attend absentee to be away from school to miss school to keep one’s perfect attendance to bring a note from somebody to be away with the flu / on holiday

Example: You must bring a note from your parents if you have been away from school.

to be in session;

to be the centre of one’s universe;

to be of a different turn of mind;

to pretend;

to face one’s lessons;

to lag behind one’s class;

to catch up with one’s class.

Example: For me, school is the centre of my universe. I have attended school every day this semester.

2. Interview your classmates and find out:

• what they think about attending school regularly;

• their reasons for staying home from school;

• how they catch up with their class after missing school.

Tell your classmates about your findings.

Example: A: What do you think about attending school regularly?

B: It is highly important to me. Otherwise I have to catch up with my class.

C: I’m of a different turn of mind. There are quite a few reasons not to attend.

A: I have found out that it is highly important for Ann to attend school and Helen is of a different turn of mind.

At Home: Make a list of dates on which you/your friend didn’t go to school last month and write your reasons for being absent. Use the format below.

Dates of absence from school

Reasons for being absent

V. Time to Read

1. Read the story “Perfect Attendance” and say who was right — the girl’s mother or father.

Perfect Attendance Part One

For Mother, school was the center of her universe. As a teacher, she thought pupils should be in their seat when the first bell rang, each day school was in session. Things such as rain, sleet, snow, and bitter cold were no excuse to miss school.

Father, on the other hand, was of a different turn of mind. School for him had been a place to socialize and have fun. Lessons were to be tolerated, so any reason not to attend was good enough for him.

This morning when I awoke, there was a snowstorm. There was no chance that Father could take me to school in the car. Surely Mother wouldn’t make me go out in this blizzard to keep my perfect attendance at school.

As I climbed out of bed on this awful morning, I could hear Mother and Father arguing about whether I should go to school.

“This girl can’t go to school today. It’s too bad out there!”

“But she hasn’t missed a day this year,” Mother said, “I know she doesn’t want to be absent.” Of course, she hadn’t asked me what I thought about it.

“There is a blizzard out there. She can’t go out in it.” Father tried again to convince Mother of the nonsense of sending a child out in a blizzard.

Mother was insistent, “I’ll wrap her up good. She’ll be fine.”

By then I had run out of my freezing bedroom and was standing in front of the wood heating stove in the dining room enjoying the warmth.

“Can I ride my pony?” I asked.

“Oh, no!” exclaimed Father, “You would freeze for sure. You will have to keep moving to keep warm. So if you go, walking is the only way.”

This told me that Mother had won…

BrE centre

AmE centre

Part Two

As I walked along the road, the swirling snowflakes bit my face. It was cold and the wind was so strong I had to struggle to push my eight-year-old body against it. I frequently pulled up my left coat sleeve to look at my watch. As long as I was going, I did not want to be tardy. The snow stuck to my clothes and the scarf around my mouth froze from the humidity of my breathing. I knew I had to hurry.

Finally, the schoolhouse appeared on top of the hill. I knocked on the door of the house and was greeted by Mrs. Crawford. With a surprised look, she rushed me in and began to unwrap my frozen clothes. My wrist had some frostbite where I had kept looking at my watch.

“Don’t you know there isn’t any school today? The weather is too bad; you should not be out in this!”

“Mother said I had to go so I could keep my perfect attendance.”

“Well, we will have to call your father to come after you because you can’t walk back home in the storm.”

(Adapted from “Perfect Attendance” by Anna Lou Martin)

Across Cultures: the USA

perfect attendance - (USA) a person with perfect attendance would be one who never missed to be present whenever school, was in session.

2. Choose the right variant.

Example: Mrs. Crawford began to … (wrap; unwrap) my frozen clothes. Mrs. Crawford began to unwrap my frozen clothes.

1. The mother promised to … (wrap; unwrap) me up warm.

2. She … (packed; unpacked) her school bag and headed off to school.

3. Maggie carefully … (packed; unpacked) her birthday presents.

4. The mother said, “Please … (dress; undress) and get into bed. You are sick.”

5. What is … (done; undone) cannot be … (done, undone).

6. We should … (do; undo) something to help him.

3. Find the questions where the following statements are the answers.

Example: Did the mother allow the girl to stay away from school on that stormy day? No, she thought it wasn’t an excuse to miss school.

1.______________________________________ ?

To keep her perfect attendance.

2.______________________________________ ?

No, walking was the only way.

3. ___________________________________ ?

No, there wasn’t any school that day.

4. ?

To look at her watch.

5. ______________________________________ ?

She did not want to be tardy.

6. ______________________________________ ?

She was very surprised and began to unwrap the child’s frozen clothes.

VI. Time to Communicate

1. Act as the storyteller, look at the set of pictures and describe your hard way to school.

Use:

That morning when I awoke … . There was no chance … . Surely … . As I walked along the road, … . I did not want … . I knew … . Finally, … .

2. Role-play the dialogue between the girl and her classmate the next day at school as in the pattern.

Pattern:

Classmate: Hi, … . What a snowstorm … ! I stayed … the whole day. How was your day … ?

Girl: It was … . I had to … because my mother … .

Classmate: Oh no! What did your father … ?

Girl: He was of … . But … .

Classmate: How did you manage … ? It was so… !

Girl: I didn’t want to … . I knew I must … . So I kept looking … and as a result my wrist has … .

Classmate: Poor … ! What a pity! Surely, it is highly important to … , but … is a good reason not to attend.

Girl: School is the center of … , you know, and she thinks pupils should … .

Classmate: What about snow or … ? Isn’t it an excuse not to … ?

Girl: I think so. Now I even know it for sure from my own experience.

VII. Time to Write

You know you must bring a note from your parents if you have been away from school. Help your parents to write such a note about the last time you stayed home. Begin with:

Dear Miss/Mr. … ,

Our son/daughter had … yesterday and was away from … .

He/she will … for sure.

Thank you for … .

Mr. and Mrs … .





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