Підручник Англійська мова 7 клас для спеціалізованих навчальних закладів з поглибленим вивченням іноземної мови - Л.В. Калініна - Генеза 2015 рік

UNIT 4. Every Country Has its Customs

4.1. When in England…

Word Box

Phrase Box

Communication Box

continental

to find something out

How do you know?

stereotype

to be different from something

Interestingly, …

security

to keep one’s eyes/ears open

It’s not cricket.

purely

to have a chat with somebody

conductor

to feature something

to be of great importance

to be competitive by nature

I. Conversation Warm-up

Look at the pictures and say what symbols of England you can see.

Example: A red rose is thought to be a typically English flower.

II. Pronunciation Warm-up

Read the poem about England and practise the sounds /s/ and /t/.

Poem

The sea is calm tonight,

The tide is full, the moon lies fair

Upon the Straights; - on the French coast, the light Gleams, and is gone; the cliffs of England stand…

(From “Dover Beach” by Matthew Arnold)

III. Grammar Smart

1. Look and compare.

Tense

Active

Passive

Present Simple

Joanne Rowling writes books about Harry Potter.

The books about Harry Potter are written by Joanne Rowling.

Past Simple

I read a lot of fairy tales in my childhood.

The book was read by millions of children last years.

a) Fill in the verb chart.

Partisiple II

Past Simple

Infinitive

Meaning

taken

was/were

say

розповісти

left

steal

chosen

читати

write

meant

made

b) Pair up and play a grammar transformation game.

Example: Ann: Tourists visit the National Gallery every day.

Steve: The National Gallery is visited by tourists every day.

1. The postman delivers the newspapers every morning.

2. The technician fixed my computer last Tuesday.

3. They posted the letter yesterday.

4. The pupils of this school learn three foreign languages.

5. The readers return books to the library every two weeks.

6. Susan redecorated her flat last year.

7. They translated the book into twelve foreign languages.

8. They make ice cream from milk.

2. Read and remember!

When you don’t know who does, or did the action, use the Passive Voice (noun/pronoun + to be + the third form of the verb).

Example: My uncle’s briefcase was stolen last night.

The Past Simple Passive

Also, use the Passive Voice when:

• it is not important to know who does, or did, the action

Example: These televisions are made in Japan.

The Present Simple Passive

• you are interested in the action itself rather than the person who does it.

Example: The museum is visited by hundreds of people every day

The Present Simple Passive

The Passive Voice can take:

by + doer of the action or with + instrument

Example: 1. St Paul’s cathedral was built by Sir Christopher Wren.

doer of the action

The gallery is filled with hundreds of paintings from all over the world.

instrument

a) Use the words in the correct order.

Example: was, the, first, 1895, held, festival, in. The festival was first held in 1895.

1. is, the, of, hundreds, every, museum, people, day, visited.

2. was, the, in, cathedral, seventeenth, the, century, built.

3. up, Rod, Liverpool, in, grew.

4. played, in, cricket, summer, is.

5. are, words, Tower, in, the, the, these, heard, London, of.

6. gallery, ticket, to, have, the, lost, I, picture, the.

b) Say:

• what traditions are kept in your family;

• what museums are situated in your town;

• what historical places were visited by your parents last year;

IV. Word Smart

Study the following words, match them to their definitions and make up sentences with them.

Example: You can hardly trust stereotypes.

b) Study the following phrases. What will you say if:

1. you want to get more information about London;

2. you want to advise your friend not to trust stereotypes too much;

3. you think it is crucial to visit the Tower of London;

4. want to communicate with Londoners.

to be different from something;

to find something out;

to keep one’s eyes open;

to be of great importance;

to have a chat with somebody.

Example: You think London is not like any other city in Britain I think London is different from other cities in Britain.

c) Look at the photos of some historical places of London and say which of them you would like to visit and why.

The British Museum

Buckingham Palace

The Tower of London

St Paul’s Cathedral

Example: For me, I’d like to visit the British Museum in London to learn more about some historical events of the country.

At Home: Find some more information about any historical place in London and present it to the class.

V. Time to Read.

1. Two friends are talking about England and the English. Read/listen to their conversation and say what English traditions they know.

Talking about England and the English

Part One

Steve: Are you ready for your English holiday, Ann?

Ann: Actually, I can’t wait to find out in what way England and the English are different from the continental countries and the continental peoples in many respects.

Steve: I think we have many stereotypes about the English. If you keep your eyes and ears open, you’ll soon see if they are right or wrong.

Ann: One thing I have found out on my way to London is that the English are very sociable.

Steve: So you had some nice company?

Ann: On the plane I made friends with an elderly couple from Durham, and on the train I had a chat with two young ladies. They told me a lot about English traditions.

Steve: How nice of them! I bet they mentioned the Ceremony of the Keys.

Ann: How do you know? You mean,

“Halt! Who goes there?”

“The Keys.”

“Whose keys?”

“Queen Elizabeth’s keys.”

“Pass Queen Elizabeth’s Keys - all’s well.”

Steve: Exactly. It is one of the oldest military ceremonies in the world. These words are heard every night at the Tower of London just as it has been for 700 years or more. As home to the Crown Jewels, security at the Tower has always been of great importance. Yes, English people are fond of their history, aren’t they?

Part Two

Ann: And have you heard about the Proms?

Steve: Never.

Ann: These are the Promenade Concerts. They were first held in London in 1895. The tradition was set up by the conductor, Sir Henry Wood. Interestingly, in those days the audience walked or “promenaded” during the performance.

Steve: And nowadays the festival is held at the Royal Albert Hall.

Ann: Today, it is more usual to sit or stand. The Royal Albert Hall features classical music, jazz, world music and other music styles.

Steve: I see. So the English are a music-loving nation. Am I right?

Ann: Absolutely, and a sporting one at that. Can you guess what summer sport is purely English?

Steve: Football? Tennis? Rugby?

Ann: Unlucky guess! It’s cricket. The Sunday afternoon match on the village green is thought of as a dream come true for many sports fans in England. When something is unfair, they even say, “It’s not cricket.”

Steve: How exciting! That’s what it means to be competitive by nature. Do tell me all when you’re back.

Ann: Don’t worry, I will.

Across Cultures: England

Durham - a city in North-east England with a university and a cathedral.

Crown Jewels - the crowns, swords, jewels, etc., worn by a king or queen on important state occasions.

The Tower of London - an ancient fortress on the north side of the River Thames, where the king and queen lived. It was also a prison for important people; now it is a museum.

The Royal Albert Hall - a very large concert hall in London.

cricket - an outdoor game played in summer with a small ball by two teams of 11 players each, usually dressed all in white.

2. Read the beginnings of the sentences and complete them summarizing the information from the text ‘Talking about England and the English”.

Example: Actually, I can’t wait to find out… in what way England and the English are different from the continental countries and the continental peoples in many respects.

1. If you keep your eyes and ears open…

2. One thing I have found out is that.

3. They mentioned.

4. The tradition was set up by…

5. Nowadays.

3. Fill in the semantic map for London’s sights and comment on it.

VI. Time to Communicate

a) Look at the pictures and describe Ann’s and Steve’s ideas about England and the English.

to be different from something/somebody;

to have stereotypes about somebody;

… can’t wait to… ;

to keep one’s eyes/ears open.

to be of great importance;

to be fond of history;

to be thought of as.;

It’s not cricket.

b) Imagine you are talking to Ann/Steve about England and the English. Ask him/her the following questions and answer them. Role-play the dialogue in pairs.

A: What stereotypes about England and the English do you have?

B: … .

A: English people are fond of their history, aren’t they?

B: … .

A: The English are a music-loving nation. Am I right?

B:… .

A: Do you think English people are competitive by nature?

B:… .

VI. Time to Listen

1. Listen to the summary of the story “Dino’s Day in London” and say what happened.

2. Listen to the story again and mark the true statements.

1. Tommy was a film star.

2. Tommy is taking his son around London.

3. The boy’s mother wants him to see Buckingham Palace.

4. Tommy covers the boy’s expenses.

5. The boy dislikes the idea of going to the British Museum.

6. Dino did not have a chance to look around London.

VII. Time to Write

Into Your Writing Portfolio:

- A narrative essay contains a series of events that may be either true or imaginary.

- It may be written in either first or third person.

- It often includes the thoughts and reactions of the main characters.

- The introduction informs readers about the time, place and characters of the story.

- The main body develops a series of events. Often dialogue is used to bring out the thoughts and feelings of the characters.

The conclusion completes the story, sometimes in an unexpected way.

How to write an introduction to a narrative essay

Time

Place

Characters

It happened in … .

The scene is laid in … .

The main characters are ….

The main female/male character is … .

Some of the minor characters are ….

Example: It all happened in England. The main character, a Londoner, who was going to the West of England for a holiday, arrived by train at a town and found that it was pouring with rain…





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