Підручник Англійська мова 7 клас для спеціалізованих навчальних закладів з поглибленим вивченням іноземної мови - Л.В. Калініна - Генеза 2015 рік

UNIT 4. Every Country Has its Customs

4.2. My heart's in the Highlands

Word Box

Phrase Box

Communication Box

fortress

to belong to somebody

In other words, …

castle

to let somebody know

All in all, …

clan

to have a title

descendant

to recognize somebody by/as...

tartan

bagpipes

kilt

to defend

to invade

to defeat

to be known to the world as...

I. Conversation Warm-up

Look at the photos and say what is special about Scotland.

Example: The Highlands are a typical landscape in Scotland.

II. Pronunciation Warm-up

Read the first part of the poem “My Heart’s in the Highlands” by Robert Burns and practise it with rhythm. Say where your heart is.

My Heart in the Highlands

My 'heart’s in the Highlands,

My 'heart isn’t here,

My 'heart’s in the Highlands,

'chasing the „deer;

'Chasing the wild deer

And 'following the roe,

My heart’s in the Highlands,

Wher'ever I go...

(Robert Burns)

III. Grammar Smart

1. Look and recall.

1. If you want to speak about things that have happened recently, use the Present Perfect:

1) actions which have just/already taken place.

Example: I have just read an interesting article about famous musicians.

2) actions which have taken place today/this year/this month/this week/ this morning.

Example: I have read about Ray Charles today.

Don’t forget!

The Present Perfect of regular verbs is formed by have/has + Verb with -ed: have/has lived have/has joined

The Present Perfect of irregular verbs is formed by have/has + the third form of the Verb (find it in the irregular verbs table).

2. If you want to report about what you have read/heard/seen, use the Past Perfect.

a) In chain, play a Chinese whispers grammar game.

Example: Ann (to Bob): I have read “Ivanhoe” by Walter Scott.

Bob (to Steve): Ann said that she had read “Ivanhoe” by Walter Scott.

Steve (to another pupil): Bob said Ann had read “Ivanhoe” by Walter Scott.

“Harry Potter”

“Gulliver’s Travels”

“The Prince and the Pauper”

“Ann of Green Gables”

b) Say what interesting information you have read/heard/seen:

• today;

• in a magazine;

this week;

• this month;

• on TV;

• on the radio/on the Internet.

Example: I have heard the results of polling in Scotland this week. Over 53 per cent of Scottish people voted to remain British.

2. Read and remember.

1. If you want to talk about an action that has happened recently rather than a person or thing that has done the action, use the Present Perfect Passive.

Example: An interesting article about Scotland has been published in The Independent this week.

2. If you want to talk about an action that has been happening for a long time, use the Present Perfect Passive and a time expression with the preposition for or since.

Example: Tartan has been worn by Scots for many centuries.

3. If you want to report about what has happened, use the Past Perfect Passive.

Example: The guide said that tartan had been worn by Scots for many centuries.

a) Play an opinion-or-fact game. Use the prompts below.

Prompts:

• The northern part of Great Britain - to be inhabited for centuries.

• Scotland - to be invaded by Scandinavians.

• Scotland - to be divided by clans.

• Kilts - to be worn by Scots.

Example: A: I think the northern part of Great Britain has been inhabited by Scots for centuries.

B: Yes, it’s true. I know for sure that the northern part of Great Britain has been inhabited by Scots for centuries.

b) Say what events have recently happened:

• in your class;

• in your neighbourhood;

• in your country;

• in your school;

• in your town/village;

• in the world.

IV. Word Smart

1. Study the words and word combinations (p. 110) and:

a) Say what you can learn about the history of Scotland.

Example: I think Scots defended their land from Scandinavians.

b) Match the words to their definition.

2. Look at the photos of different children, read their brief characteristics and decide what Scottish traditions they might be interested in.

Example: I think the boy might be interested in how the Scots defended their land.

At Home: Find some more information about any Scottish tradition and present it to the class.

V. Time to Read.

1. Read the story about Scots and their traditions and say how they relate to:

• time

• places

• events

The Free Scots

The people who inhabit the Northern part of Great Britain belong to the native population of the British Isles together with the Welsh and the Irish. They were driven away from the south and central part of the islands by the invading Romans, Anglo-Saxons, Jutes, Scandinavians and Normans. But they let the invading armies know that they were not defeated.

They built fortress-like castles in the Highlands to keep out the enemy. Their territory was divided by clans. In other words, they were relatives and had the same surnames. The head of the clan had a distinct title by using the definite article before his name like The Mac-Greggors or the clan Mac-Greggor. Thus, Scottish surnames that begin with Mac mean “the descendant of”, not “the son of” as many might think.

Each clan had a different coloured pattern cloth for their tartans and even to this very day one can easily recognize each pattern as belonging to a certain clan. People in Scotland recognize the surname of a person by the tartan or the pattern. The Royal Stuart is worn by the descendants of the Stuart clan famous for their Queen-Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots who was beheaded by Elizabeth I, queen of England, in 1567.

Tartan has been worn by Scots for many centuries. It is known to the world as kilts, or a skirt-like dress for men only. It is very comfortable in the mountainous country and keeps off the rain for several hours. All in all, it has a length of about five meters in one piece and is used also as a blanket at night outdoors.

Across Cultures: Scotland

Romans - peoples who occupied Britain for over 300 years from the invasion in AD 43.

Angles, Saxons and Jutes - Germanic peoples who began settling in Britain from the third century.

Scandinavians - the Vikings who invaded and settled areas of Britain and Ireland from the end of the eighth century.

Normans - the peoples from France, who invaded England in 1066.

Mary Stuart - also Mary Queen of Scots (1542-87), the daughter of James V of Scotland and cousin of Elizabeth I of England. She became queen of Scotland as a baby.

Elizabeth I (1533-1603) - a queen of England, daughter of Henry VIII.

2. Look at the pictures and say which meaning of the word ‘title’ the underlined words refer to.

“My Heart’s in the Highlands” is my favourite poem about Scotland.

Prince Philip, the Duke of Edinburgh, is the husband of Queen Elizabeth the Second.

3. Group up the information from the text “The Free Scots” into these content areas (p. 112—113). Say how it can help you understand Scotland better.

Content Areas

Information

People

• native population

Places

Things

Example: The people who inhabit the Northern part of Great Britain belong to the native population of the British Isles together with the Welsh and the Irish.

VI. Time to Communicate

a) Describe the people of Scotland as in the pattern below. Use the text “The Free Scots.”

Pattern:

The people who ... . They were driven away from ... . But they let ... . They built .... Their territory ... . In other words, .... Each clan .... Even to this very day ....

b) In pairs, ask and answer questions about Scotland’s past. Begin with: Who/ What/When/Where/Why.

VII. Time to Write

Into Your Writing Portfolio:

- The body of a narrative essay consists of 2-4 paragraphs.

- The first paragraph describes everything that leads to the main event.

- Paragraphs 2-3 describe the main event in detail.

- All the paragraphs describe not only places and people, but people’s actions and emotions.

How to write a body of a narrative essay

Useful linking words

Beginning the story

Continuing of the story

Going back to

Simultaneous

actions

First of all, ... First ...

To begin with ...

Next ...

Then ...

After that ...

Later on ... Afterwards ...

Coming back to ...

To echo ...

Just ...

Then ...

Meanwhile ...

In the meantime ...

Besides ...

Example: ... In ancient times the Northmen landed somewhere on the east coast of Scotland. They were going to settle in the country. Then the Scots got together with their arms and moved to the river Tay. As they arrived late in the day, tired after a long march, they put up their camp and rested.

Meanwhile the Northmen were near. Noticing that there were no guards protecting the camp, they crossed the river - they wanted to take the Scots by surprise. Next, they took off their shoes so as to make the least noise possible. But one of the Northmen stepped on a thistle. The sudden pain caused him to scream. Naturally, the alarm was given in the Scots’ camp...





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