Підручник Англійська мова 7 клас для спеціалізованих навчальних закладів з поглибленим вивченням іноземної мови - Л.В. Калініна - Генеза 2015 рік

UNIT 4. Every Country Has its Customs

4.3. Welcome to Wales

Word Box

Phrase Box

Communication Box

to conquer

to be ruled by somebody

Moreover, …

to rebel

to meet somebody’s conditions

From that day to this, …

to wrong

to be pleased with the prospect

to rule

to wrong no man by word or deed

chieftain

to be jealous of somebody

shield

bundle

I. Conversation Warm-up

Read the words and word combinations and match them to the elements of Welsh culture. Say what you can learn about Wales from them.

1. the Welsh language

a) the official symbol of Wales

2. the Welsh Assembly

b) the industrial region of South Wales

3. the Welsh Dragon

c) a regiment in the British Army

4. the Welsh valleys

d) an ancient Celtic language of Wales

5. the Welsh Guards

e) the people who are elected as a government for Wales

Example: I think Welsh is an ancient Celtic language of Wales. If I am not mistaken, all road signs in Wales are in both Welsh and English.

II. Pronunciation Warm-up

Read the acrostic about Wales and the lines of the Welsh National Anthem and practise the sounds /w/ and /ai/. Say what the poems have in common.

Acrostic

Welsh language that stood the test of time,

Arthur the King who led the Welsh to fight against William the Conqueror,

Llewellyn, Prince of Wales, and his faithful dog Gelert,

Eisteddfod the word understood by almost everybody,

Singing in a choir, a nation of singers.

Welsh National Anthem

The land of my fathers so dear to my soul,

The land which the poet and minstrel extol,

Her valiant defenders, her patriots so brave,

For freedom their life-blood they gave…

(From "Stand of Poets and Singers” by James E. Thomas)

III. Grammar Smart

Read and remember.

1. If you want to ask about something which is/was done by someone, use yes/no questions. Begin with is/are, was/were.

Example: Is the legend known far and wide?

Was the story about Llewellyn translated into Ukrainian?

2. If you want to ask about some particular details, which are/were done by someone, put a question word (when, what, why, where) before is/are/ was/were.

Example: Where was the legend told?

What is said in the legend?

a) Let’s play a grammar tennis game. Ask yes/no questions to the statements.

Example: A: Someone bought a magazine about Wales.

B: Was the magazine bought?

1. The postman delivers the newspapers every morning.

2. The technician fixed my computer last Tuesday.

3. They posted the letter yesterday.

4. The pupils of this school learn three foreign languages.

5. The readers return books to the library every two weeks.

6. Susan redecorated her flat last year.

7. They translated the book into twelve foreign languages.

8. They make ice cream from milk.

b) Ask questions to the statements using the question words below. Example: The doctor was sent for. (Who?) Who was sent for?

1. The new book is much spoken about. (What?)

2. Your dress was finished in the morning. (When?)

3. A telegram was sent to my dad. (What?)

4. Nelly was laughed at. (Why?)

5. The book was lost yesterday. (When?)

6. I was offered an interesting job. (What?)

IV. Word Smart

a) Look at the pictures and label them. Make up sentences with these words.

Knight; shield; Caernarvon Castle; King Arthur; Prince of Wales.

b) Find six pairs of synonyms. Make up your own sentences with them.

to conquer

to rule

to quarrel

to protest

to complain

to harm

to rebel

to beat

to wrong

to argue

to control

to grumble

Example: Edward I had conquered Wales.

At Home: Describe a historic event of your choice in writing (8—10 sentences).

V. Time to Read

1. Read the story about the Prince of Wales and say who has always been the Prince of Wales.

The Prince of Wales

Part One

Edward I had conquered Wales. The two great Welsh leaders, Llewellyn and his brother David, had been killed. But the Welsh people, though they were beaten, were rebellious. They had no great leader, but there were a number of chieftains - most of whom were jealous of one another. Finally, three or four of them came to see Edward, who with his wife Eleanor was staying at Caernarvon Castle, to tell him their complaints.

They wanted, they said, to be ruled not by an English King, but by a Prince of Wales, of royal blood, and not speaking English or French. They wanted a prince whose life was good, and who had not wronged any man.

Well, they were certainly asking a lot, but Edward, after a little thought, told them to ask all the chieftains and their followers to come to Caernarvon Castle in a week’s time and he would give them what they had asked, a Prince of Wales who met all their conditions.

So the next week the great square outside the castle was crowded with excited people, all wondering which of their chieftains Edward had chosen. English soldiers tried to keep the crowd back. One of the Welshmen pushed an English soldier.

- You won’t be here long, - he said.

- What do you mean? - asked the soldier.

- When we get our Welsh prince, you, English soldiers, will all be sent back to England.

But the soldier seemed pleased with the prospect. He said he was tired of the sight of Welsh mountains and the rain and the fog.

Meanwhile the chieftains wondered who the new ruler was to be.

- Of course, you know my mother was a distant relative of the Llewellyns’, - one of them said.

- Yes, very distant, about as distant as mine to King Arthur. But it’s a pity you took all the trouble to learn English.

- I have 2,000 men. Once the English go, there is no one in Wales who would be stronger than I, - said the third chieftain.

- But I haven’t forgotten those fifty sheep of mine that you stole. I’ll not have a thief for a prince over me.

Part Two

The chieftains were ready to quarrel, but at that moment Edward stepped on to the balcony in front of the castle. Behind him a knight carefully carried Edward’s shield. On the shield lay a bundle covered with a blanket. The whole crowd was excited but silent, waiting for Edward to speak. And he began.

- Chieftains and people of Wales, you have asked for a prince and I have promised you one to rule over you, of royal birth.

- Yes, yes! - they cried in return.

- Born in Wales?

- Yes, yes!

- And not able to speak a word of English?

- Yes, yes!

- And one, moreover, who has wronged no man by word or deed in all his life? If I give you such a prince to rule over you, will you promise to be ruled by him?

- We promise, - they answered readily.

- Here is your prince, - the King said and turned to the knight behind, lifted the blanket and showed a small boy, - my son, a prince of royal blood, born a week ago, in Caernarvon Castle; he speaks no word of English and he has wronged no man alive. Edward, Prince of Wales!

And from that day to this, the eldest son of the King of England has always been the Prince of Wales.

(Welsh legend)

Across Cultures: Wales

Caernarvon Castle - a famous sight in a small holiday town on the north-western coast of Wales.

Prince of Wales - title given to the first son of a British king or queen. Prince Charles was given this title in a ceremony at Caernarvon Castle in 1969.

3. In the text, find words and word-combinations with the same meaning as the words below. Use them in your own sentences.

to be full of people to be crowded with

• possibility that something will happen

• to make a special effort

• to argue

• envious

• a robber

• far away

• a member of the extended family

• doing

• anxious

Example: The castle was crowded with excited people.

4. In the text, find all the words which are used with the words Wales and Welsh. Reproduce the sentences with them.

VI. Time to Communicate

1. Look at the pictures of the story characters (p. 118—119) and match them to their sayings.

2. Describe the episode from Welsh history using the following outline.

Outline

1. England conquering Wales.

2. Chieftains complaining to the English king.

3. Welshmen coming to Caernarvon Castle.

4. Edward addressing people of Wales.

VII. Time to Write

Into Your Writing Portfolio

• To end your story, write about your feelings, comment on the events;

• You may also use direct speech, asking a rhetorical question.

How to write an ending of a narrative essay

• Finally…

• After such a day…

• Why did this have to happen to me?

• You are lucky…

• What else could I do?

• At least…

• And from that day to this…

Example: …And from that day to this, the eldest son of the king of England has always been the Prince of Wales.





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