Підручник Англійська мова 7 клас для спеціалізованих навчальних закладів з поглибленим вивченням іноземної мови - Л.В. Калініна - Генеза 2015 рік
UNIT 4. Every Country Has its Customs
4.4. The Emerald Isle
to focus on something
to drop somebody ahint
to practise the skill of doing something
to do something ceremoniously
In my view...
In my opinion ...
As far as I’m concerned ...
There is something in what you say but...
I don’t think I like ...
As much as you do ...
I’m with you on that and ...
I disagree. I’m afraid ... because...
It’s on my list of likes...
If you ask me ...
I’m absolutely positive about it.
It’s really good stuff.
That accounts for something.
I. Conversation Warm-up
Look at the names of Irish legends and say which of them is depicted on the Irish coat of arms.
1. The legend about how St Patrick cleared Ireland of snakes.
2. The legend about the red right hand.
3. The legend about leprechauns who wear green, make shoes for the fairies, and know where gold is hidden.
II. Pronunciation Warm-up
Read the Irish legend with correct pauses and practise the sounds /s/ and /∫/. In pairs, share your opinion on this legend.
The Irish Legend
The story goes that one old snake - the king of snakes - resisted St Patrick, | so he made a box and invited the snake to enter it | |. The snake refused saying it was too small; | but St Patrick insisted it was large enough to be comfortable | |. Finally, the snake got into the box to prove that it was too small | |. At that moment St Patrick shut the box and threw it into the sea | |. The other snakes jumped into the water after their king and drowned | |.
One fact remains: there are no snakes in Ireland and probably never were, | but the legend lives in the folklore of the Irish | |.
«-» - найкоротша пауза; | - коротка пауза; | | - довша пауза.
III. Function Smart
Read and learn how to share opinions on traditions. Look at the pictures and fill in the mini-dialogues.
a) - Do you like ... ?
- In my view, it’s worth visiting.
The Ulster Folk and Transport Museum
b) - I enjoy ... and what do you think about it?
- I’m with you on that. It’s a great tradition.
The Wexford Festival of Music and the Arts
c) - ... is an enjoyable tradition, isn’t it?
- I disagree. I’m afraid it is not on my list of likes.
d) - Ireland is known the world over for its ... .
- The tradition of ... can’t leave anybody indifferent.
e) - In my view, ... is both for grownups and kids.
- I’m absolutely positive about it.
“Legends of Ireland”
f) - I think ... is a real success story.
- If you ask me, I prefer local arts festivals.
The Ulster Orchestra
IV. Word Smart
1. Study new words and word combinations and say what traditions help you and your friends to practise your skills.
Example: My friends and I favour the tradition of music festivals. It helps us to practise our skills of singing and playing the guitar.
2. Do a mini-project.
a) Interview your friends and find out:
• what opinions they have on traditions;
• what traditions are in their list of likes;
• the way they keep them.
Example: A: I say, Ann, what do you think of traditions?
B: It depends. Some traditions can’t leave anybody indifferent, others are not in my list of likes.
A: What traditions do you prefer?
B: I like the tradition of painting Easter eggs. It helps me to practise my skills of painting my messages on the pysankas. A: How do you keep it?
B: Every year in early spring I take lessons in this kind of folk art to improve my skills. When Easter comes, I give my pysankas as a gift to my nearest and dearest.
b) Present your findings to the class.
Example: A: I’ve found out that some traditions can’t leave Ann indifferent, while others are not on her list of likes. Her favourite tradition is painting Easter eggs. It helps her to practise her skills of painting her messages on the pysankas. Every year in early spring she takes lessons in this kind of folk art to improve her skills. When Easter comes, she gives her pysankas as a gift to her nearest and dearest.
c) In pairs, discuss what exhibition you’d like to see together with your friend as in the pattern.
A: I say, ... , are you doing anything special ... ?
B: No, not really. But why?
A: I know that you are interested in ... . There is a good ... . What about ... ?
B: Thank you for the invitation. I’d love to go to the ... with you, because you know much about ... .
A: ... is certainly on my list of likes. The tradition of ... can’t leave anybody indifferent.
B: I’m absolutely certain of that. It helps to practise ... . How ... , I wonder?
A: I usually ... . We can have a nice time together ... , can’t we?
B: Sure. Let’s ... .
At Home: Say what tradition you like the best. Account for your choice in writing (8—10 sentences).
V. Time to Read
1. In pairs, read the dialogue between two friends and say what projects in Ireland they are working on.
Talking about Ireland and the Irish
Helen: Hey, Steve! How are you doing with the project on Ireland?
Steve: On Northern Ireland, to be exact.
Helen: Is there much difference?
Steve: Sure. Ireland is the second largest island in the British Isles. And it is divided into Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. Northern Ireland is part of the United Kingdom.
Helen: And what about the Republic of Ireland?
Steve: It has been an independent state since 1921.
Helen: And what is called the Emerald Isle, then?
Steve: Ah, that’s pretty easy. They say the whole island is known for its beautiful, green countryside. That accounts for it.
Helen: I see...
Helen: And my project focusses on Irish customs and traditions. Could you possibly drop me a hint what to search on the Internet for, please?
Steve: Certainly. Ancient and modern mingle everywhere in Ireland: music, fairs, festivals, you name it.
Helen: I’ve just read that above all Ireland is known the world over for its horses.
Steve: That’s true. The tradition of horsemanship can’t leave anybody indifferent. It’s a matter of personal pride for any Irishman to practise the skill of horse riding.
Helen: That reminds me. I’ve seen the famous film “Gone with the Wind” recently, and the picture of Scarlett’s father galloping across the country keeps haunting me.
Steve: No wonder, he was a typical Irishman. By the way, there is a special museum in Northern Ireland - the Ulster Folk and Transport Museum where you can see the Irish lifestyle with your own eyes.
Helen: I’m sure it’s worth visiting, as well as Puck Fair.
Steve: Do you mean the three-day fair in the first half of August?
Helen: Yes, “Gathering Day”, “Puck Fair Day” and “Scattering Day”. It’s a real success story.
Steve: And right on the first evening, isn’t it funny to see a large goat in a spacious cage ceremoniously carried to a raised platform in the central square of the town? It’s King Puck, and he remains on this throne for the next two days.
Helen: Are you serious? It would surely be on my list of things to see.
Steve: Besides, if I were you, I would do two more things for the project.
Helen: Such as?
Steve: I’d read “Legends of Ireland” written by Oscar Wilde’s mother who was born in Ireland. Next, I’d search the Internet for information about the Wexford Festival of Music and the Arts. It must be most unusual.
Helen: I’m absolutely certain about it. Thanks for the ideas.
Across Cultures: Ireland
Oscar Wilde (1854-1900) - a famous Irish writer best known for his play “The Importance of Being Earnest” and his story “The Picture of Dorian Grey”.
“Gone with the Wind” - a novel by Margaret Mitchell, set in Georgia, USA, during the American Civil War. The novel and the film of it (1939) are extremely popular.
BrE focusses, focussed
AmE focuses, focused
See First Aid Kit: Word Spelling, p. 228
2. Answer the questions.
1. What have you learnt about Ireland?
2. What Irish traditions did the friends mention in their conversation?
3. Which of the traditions would you like to see with your own eyes?
4. What do you think of these Irish traditions?
5. What did Steve recommend Helen to see and read for her project?
6. What can make Helen’s project successful?
3. In groups, share your opinions on Ireland and the Irish. Begin with:
• I’m working on ... .
• It is ... , to be exact.
• There is a lot of difference between ... .
• I have just read ... .
• ... can’t leave anybody indifferent.
• That reminded me of ... .
• No wonder, ... .
• By the way, there is ... .
• I’m sure it’s worth ... .
1. In pairs, read the information about famous Irish writers and share your opinions of them.
Jonathan Swift is the greatest satirist in the history of the British literature. Jonathan Swift was born in Dublin, the capital of Ireland, in 1667. He is the author of the immortal work “Gulliver’s Travels”.
Lemuel Gulliver, an English traveller, visits strange lands, including Lilliput, where the people are all tiny, Brobdingnag, where the people are all giants, and the country of the Houyhnhnms and the Yahoos, where the horses are wise and the humans are stupid and cruel. The story has always been popular with both adults and children.
Oscar Wilde was the son of a well-known Irish doctor and scientist. His mother was a very educated woman, a poetess who published many works, among them “Legends of Ireland”.
Oscar Wilde wrote many poems, fairy tales, plays and the novel “The Picture of Dorian Gray”.
Among his best fairy tales are “The Selfish Giant”, “The Happy Prince”, “The Nightingale and the Rose”, “The Devoted Friend” which teach people important life values. He is also known for his humorous and intelligent remarks.
2. Read Oscar Wilde’s witty remarks and enjoy his humour. Role-play them in your own way.
❖ “I have the simplest tastes. I am always satisfied with the best.”
❖ After Wilde landed in New York, a customs official asked what he had to declare. “Nothing but my genius”, replied Wilde.
❖ “I love acting. It’s much more real than life.”
❖ “We, Irish, are too poetical to be poets.”
❖ “Life is much too important a thing ever to talk seriously about.”
VII. Time to Listen
1. Listen to Martha talking about customs and traditions in her country and say how she keeps them.
2. Listen to the story again and role-play a conversation with the speaker.
VIII. Time to Write
Try your hand at writing a narrative essay about your mind trip to Ireland.