Підручник Англійська мова 7 клас для спеціалізованих навчальних закладів з поглибленим вивченням іноземної мови - Л.В. Калініна - Генеза 2015 рік

UNIT 5. A Qvestion of Sport

5.2. Made in Great Britain

Word Box

Phrase Box

Communication Box

newcomer

to originate

Traditionally…

amateur

to maintain health

I’m all for something.

to reassure

to take up sport

At the request of … ,

discus throwing exchange

to focus on something

to train for a competition

to try out

to keep fit

to argue for/against something

I. Conversation Warm-up

Look at the photos and say which of the games originated in Britain. Have they become popular in Ukraine?

Example: I think football originated in Britain. It has become popular in Ukraine.

II. Pronunciation Warm-up

Read the limerick and practise the sounds /ei/ and /ai/. Say if you like speed and risk.

Too Fast

There was a young woman named Bright,

Whose speed was much faster than light,

She set out one day, In a relative way

And returned on the previous night.

III. Grammar Smart

1. Look and recall.

If you want to ask about actions which have recently finished, use ‘have/has’ before the subject (see the table below).

Have

you

ever

been

to

the London horse racing championships?

Has

your friend

won

a prize / medal

in swimming

yet?

a) Let’s play a grammar combination game. Use the word-combinations from the box.

Example: A: I have signed up for golf.

В: Have you ever played golf?

A: Not yet.

to become proficient in…;

skiing;

to participate in…;

tennis;

to take up;

swimming;

to take the first place in…;

sport competition;

to watch a football match;

in the gym;

to practise aerobics.

on TV.

b) Look at the pictures and complete the microdialogues under them. Reproduce one of the dialogues.

Example:

- Have you played any sport recently?

- No, I haven’t.

- I advise you to do it. It’ll help you to maintain your health.

- … your brother … ?

- Sure. He … .

- Glad to hear it.

- … Dan … ?

- Yes. How … he … ?

- That’s great.

I think … .

- … you …?

- Yes. Rhythmic gymnastics … .

- I wish you … .

- … you ever … ?

- Not yet.

- Why not … ?

- I’d love to.

1. If you want to ask about something which had been done by someone before another past action in the Past Perfect Tense, use ues/no questions.

2. If you want to ask about some particular details which had been done by someone before another moment in the past, put the question world (what, why, where) before have/has.

a) Play a grammar tennis game. Ask yes/no questions to the statements given below. Change from the active into the passive one.

Example: A: They had won the game by noon.

B: Had the game been won by noon/Why had the game been won by noon?

1. Alice had taken up rhythmic gymnastics by the age of 6.

2. We had bought two tickets for the football match before it was cancelled.

3. The coach had invited the newcomers to the gym before the beginning of the game.

4. The boys had tried team sports before they took up individual sports.

5. Our girls’ team had broken an old record in basketball by the end of the competition.

6. The class had greeted the new champions before the lesson began.

b) Read what English children say about popular sports in their country and make up questions in the Past Perfect Passive. Use: Who? Where? What? Why?

I love golf and want to become a good golfer. I had signed up for this sport before I went to middle school. Today I have been given a membership card of our city golf club. Why golf? You may ask me. My dad is a great fan of this sport and this year he has been invited to Scotland to the British Open - the World’s top golf tournament - to support our city golfers. So he took me along and there I learned a lot of interesting things about this sport. I didn’t know that golf was first developed in Scotland in the 15th century and it began as a sport for the rich. Now it is played all around the world by both professional and amateur players. It is quite expensive. The aim of this game is to hit a small ball from a flat area of grass into a hole which may be up to 550 metres away, using as few shots as possible. Each player has their own ball and several different types of clubs. I have also been presented with a new iron club. So I’m happy.

We are all for cricket, though it is a very complicated game. In England it is played between April and September, and there are matches between schools, villages and cities. Our team had been awarded the first prize. You can see us playing in this photo. Players traditionally wear white and matches may last for several days. One-day matches are popular with schoolchildren. We work hard because we want to play for the English National team. Who knows, maybe we’ll participate in the Cricket World Cup some day. It’s our dream.

IV. Word Smart

1. Study the words and word combinations and: a) Say which of them you would like to try.

Example: I’d like to try javelin throwing. It requires a lot of skill, but I’ll try.

b) Say why many parents argue for or against some sport for their children. Fill in the chart.

to maintain teenagers’ health;

contact sports;

to take up sport; amateur;

to require skills;

to keep fit.

Example: Many parents are against contact sports because children are often hurt.

For

Against

• it is a game in which players use racquets and may play single and doubles;

• a game that is played between two teams of 11 players using an oval egg-shaped ball that can be handled or kicked;

• a game played with a bat and a ball between two teams of 9 players each on a large field that has four bases which a player must touch in order to make a run;

• a game between two teams of usually 5 players each, in which each team tries to throw a ball through the other team’s basket;

• the sport of fighting with fists;

• the sport exercises done to music.

Example: I like tennis a lot and often practise it after classes in our school gym.

At Home: Write what English sport you’d like to try and why.

V. Time to Read

1. Read/listen to Phil’s story about his after-school activities and say what option he wants to choose for himself and why.

This year my PE teacher, Mr Ward, has written a big note for all the parents, in which he described possible after-school sporting activities that our schoolchildren could take up. Mr Ward recommended that at least one activity should be chosen to help to maintain a teenager’s health. He stressed that exercise was very important at that stage of our growth. Surely, no parent could say anything against such an argument. That’s how Mr Ward described after-school sporting activities for every day.

Monday Football

Football is a very good activity for both boys and girls. It’s a team sport, with two teams, each of 11 players. They try to score goals by kicking a ball into a net at opposite ends of the pitch. Our male and female teams take part in local competitions. Women’s football is becoming more and more popular in the UK and there are many amateur teams in many towns and cities.

Tuesday — Hockey

In our school, like in the UK, we play hockey on the grass. As with ice hockey, two teams use sticks to hit a small hard ball into their opponents’ net. We have teams for both boys and girls. Newcomers can learn the skills before they begin to play.

Wednesday — Rugby

Rugby is an old contact sport, traditionally played by gentlemen and requires great skills and coordination. Two teams of 15 players try to score a ‘try’ by passing an oval ball to the opposite end of the field. They try to stop each other by tackling. We wish to reassure parents that we will teach the students how to tackle as wisely as possible. At the request of our female students. There will be a girls’ team this year for the first time.

Thursday — Athletics

We offer all kinds of athletics at our school ranging from track-and-field events to gymnastics. All activities are open to both boys and girls. There is an opportunity in the first few weeks to try out many different kinds of athletics before choosing one of them. We coach those training for high or long jumping, long/ short distance running and discus-throwing.

Friday — Tennis and Cricket

Friday’s activities will focus on bats and ball with options to play tennis or cricket. Tennis players will take part in a small competition, where the best players will get to go to the final of Wimbledon.

Cricket is a traditional British game. The game involves 2 batters standing at opposite ends of a field and a bowler who throws the ball. If the ball is hit well, the batters exchange places. There will be a mixed team, open for both boys and girls.

I have discussed the options with my parents. As I am good at running and like speed and risk, I’ll sign up for rugby. Dad says it’s a game for really brave Englishmen.

Across Cultures the UK

Wimbledon Final - the most important tennis competition which takes place every summer at the All England Club, in a part of London called Wimbledon.

Rugby - a form of football played with an oval ball in which handling and carrying of the ball is permitted.

2. Answer the questions.

1. What after-school sporting activities did Mr Ward recommend to his children?

2. What sport will schoolchildren have on Monday?

3. Does rugby differ from football?

4. What kinds of athletics are offered to the children?

5. What sports focus on bats and balls?

6. Which sport did Phil sign up for?

3. Read the sentences and fill in the correct word (sport/sports/games).

1. My friend is good at sports.

2. I like to play different … .

3. What … are you going to sign up for?

4. Jack likes team … .

5. Rugby is a very violent … .

6. The Ukrainian team won some medals at the last Olympic … in Sochi.

VI. Time to Communicate

1. Act as Phil and describe your after-school sporting activities. Say which of them you would like to try. Begin with:

In Phil’s school … . Every Monday … . On Tuesday, the students can … . Thursday activities … . In my view … . Wednesday is given for … . Friday is the day for … . It’s a good idea … . I think it is … .

2. In pairs, talk about British sporting activities as in the pattern.

Pattern:

A. I think it’s good when … , isn’t it?

B. Sure. Children can sign up for … and … .

A. Don’t you think … ?

B. Exactly, and they can … .

A. If they … , they will … .

B. It sounds exciting, and they … .

A. Phil has chosen sports … and … .

B. That’s it, and he can also … .

A. I believe it’s a good idea … . Do you think … ?

B. I think … .

A. Agreed.

3. Suppose you’ve been to Britain. On coming back, tell your friends about the most popular sports in this country.

• the name of a sport;

• the season it usually takes place;

• the place;

• the number of athletes;

• the sport rules;

• this sport competition;

• your attitude to this kind of sport;

• its popularity in Ukraine.

VII. Time to Write.

Into your Writing Portfolio:

• Describe the sport event.

• Give a reason for writing.

• Give possible explanations.

How to write a letter of invitation to a sport event

• I would like to …

• It would be most useful to …

• Please let us know …

• It would be great if …

• I would be delighted if …

Example:

Dear Friends,

There are different sporting activities planned for the weekend which will take place on the 9th and 10th of May. We know that you are number one in basketball at your school. I would like to ask you if it is OK to include a basketball match into our programme for junior students.

Please, let us know about your decusion before 15 April.

Best regards,

Members of the Organising Committee.





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