Підручник Англійська мова 7 клас для спеціалізованих навчальних закладів з поглибленим вивченням іноземної мови - Л.В. Калініна - Генеза 2015 рік

UNIT 7. A City to Explore

7.1. As legend goes…

Word Box

Phrase Box

Communication Box

to found

to tell somebody the way to

As legend goes, …

chronicle

some place

According to…

immortal

to be full of something

That reminds me…

to conquer

to be connected with something

Look out here!

to announce

to be named after somebody/ something

I can’t wait to see…

disciple

to be impressed by somebody/ something

restore

I. Conversation Warm-up

Look at the photos and say what places can tell us about the past of Kyiv.

The monument to Volodymyr the Great

Three brothers and their sister Lybid

The Golden Gates

St Andrew’s Church

The Dnipro River

Example: As legend goes, there lived three brothers and their sister Lybid. They founded a town on the hills along the Dnipro.

II. Pronunciation Warm-up

Read the chant and practise the sounds /əv/ and /u:/. Say if you agree with the idea.

‘If Chant

If many men knew what many men know,

If many men went where many men go,

If many men did what many men do,

The world would be better.

I think so. Don’t you?

III. Grammar Smart

1. Look and recall

• If you want to count from 13-19 add the suffix -teen to the corresponding number, except 13, 15, 18 which have a different spelling.

Example: four - fourteen

six - sixteen

BUT: three - thirteen

five - fifteen

eight - eighteen

• If you want to count in tens, add the suffix -ty to the corresponding number of units.

Pay attention to the spelling of numerals.

Example: two - twenty

three - thirty

four - forty

five - fifty

six - sixty

seven - seventy

eight - eighty

nine - ninety

a) Play a grammar counting game.

Example: A: Ten and twenty

B: Thirty.

b) Look at the pictures (p. 193), match them to the numerals and make up sentences with them.

Example: Mark is thirteen and he is in Grade 7.

2. Read and Remember!

• If you want to count in numbers greater than 100, use and before the tens.

Example: 325 - three hundred and twenty-five

2006 - two thousand and six

382, 574 - three hundred and eighty two thousand, five hundred and seventy four

Don’t Forget!

• Use the words hundred, thousand, million with the article a or with the word one.

Example: 1,322,457 - one (a) million, three thousand and twenty two, four hundred and fifty-seven

• Don’t use the ending -s to the words hundred, thousand, million when they are followed by other numerals.

Example: 442 - four hundred and forty-two

6,000,030 - six million and thirty

• Use the plural ending -s to the words hundred, thousand, million if they are followed by a noun with the preposition of.

Example: thousands of people - тисячі людей

hundreds of workers - сотні робітників

millions of stars - мільйони зірок

a) Play a grammar question-and-answer game.

A: How much is one hundred plus twenty?

B: It is one hundred and twenty.

b) Look at the pictures and say how old some of the historical places of Kyiv are.

St Volodymyr’s Cathedral built in 1896

The Mariyinskyi Palace built in 1744

The Park of Eternal Glory built in 1967

The Historical Museum built in 1904

The Golden Gates built in 1019

St Andrew’s Church built in the 18th century

Example: St Volodymyr’s Cathedral was built in 1896. So it is one hundred and eighteen years old.

IV. Word Smart

a) Study the following words, match them to their definitions and make up sentences with them.

Example: The chronicle says that in 862 the Novgorod Prince Oleh and his Army conquered the city.

• to tell somebody the way to some place;

• to be full of something;

• to be connected with something;

• to be named after somebody/something;

• to be impressed by somebody/something

1. You want to say that the theatre bears the name of Ivan Kocherha.

2. You want to say that this event has links with the past.

3. You know who founded Kyiv.

4. You know that the information about three brothers and their sister came from the legend.

5. You liked the historical monuments of Kyiv very much.

6. You want to stress that there are many historical events connected with Kyiv.

Example: You don’t know how to get to the main street.

Excuse me, can you tell me the way to the main street?

c) Look at the photos of some historical places of Kyiv and say which of them you would like to visit and why.

The Historical Museum

St Sophia’s Cathedral

The Golden Gates

The Monument of Glory

Example: As for me, I’d like to visit the Historical Museum of Kyiv to learn more about some historical events of the country.

At Home: Find some more information about any historical place in Kyiv and present it to the class.

V. Time to Read

Read/listen to the dialogue between Steve, Helen and a Kyivite talking about Kyiv’s past and say who knows more about the history of the city.

Talking about Kyiv’s Past

Part One

Steve: Excuse me, can you tell us the way to Andriyivskyi Uzviz?

Kyivite: Sure. It’s over there, up the hill. Can you see that small toy-like structure? It’s St Andrew’s Church. Just go straight ahead.

Steve: Is it the one named after Saint Andrew, the disciple of Jesus Christ?

Kyivite: Exactly. As legend goes, apostle Andrew came to this land in the first century A. D. and predicted that a magnificent city would appear here.

Steve: They say, he put a cross on the hill and later on people built a church on that spot. It was restored several times.

Kyivite: Yes, Kyivites built this building in the 18th century. And since then Andriyivskyi Uzviz has been full of admirers.

Ann: Is the name of the city connected with this story in any way, I wonder?

Kyivite: No, dear. According to another widely known legend, Kyiv was founded by three brothers, Kyy, Shchek, Khoryv, and their sister Lybid. They settled on the hills along the Dnipro, founded a town and named it after the eldest brother.

Part Two

Ann: That reminds me, our History teacher said that it had been told by Nestor, the ancient Russian chronicler, in his immortal work “The Tale of the Bygone Years”.

Kyivite: Good girl! You know so much about the past of our great city.

Steve: Look out there, please! Am I right to believe that those two hills were named after the other two brothers - Shchekavytsa and Khorevytsa?

Kyivite: That’s it. And a narrow river was named Lybid after the sister. It happened more than 1,500 years ago.

Ann: And do you happen to know how it became the capital city? It was in 862 that the Novgorod Prince Oleh and his army reached the hills of Kyiv. They were impressed by its beauty and riches. So they conquered the city and the Prince officially announced Kyiv the capital of Kyivan Rus, the “Mother of all Russian towns”.

Kyivite: You sound like a true chronicler! By the way, tomorrow is the last Sunday of May, that is Kyiv Day.

Ann: Really? How very lucky we are, Steve! Is there going to be an open-air festival?

Kyivite: Certainly. Traditionally, there will be a carnival, sports shows, exhibitions, and fairs.

Steve: I can’t wait to see them all!

Kyivite: You are sure to enjoy every minute of it!

Ann: Thank you very much for such a warm welcome!

Kyivite: Anytime.

Across Cultures: Ukraine

St Andrew’s Church - a church in Andriyivskyi Uzviz, built in 1747-53 in Barocco style by architect I. Michurin with the participation of V. Rastrelli.

Kyiv Day - the day of the city, usually celebrated in Kyiv at the end of May.

2. Read the beginnings of the sentences and complete them summarizing all the information from the text “Talking about Kyiv’s Past”.

Example: It’s St Andrew’s Church. It is a small toy-like structure and it is named after Saint Andrew, the disciple of Jesus Christ…

1. They say he put…

2. According to another legend…

3. That reminds me…

4. It was in 862 that…

5. Look out there, please… .

6. By the way, tomorrow…

3. Fill in the semantic map for the history of Kyiv and comment on it.

VI. Time to Communicate

a) Act as Steve/Helen and say what you’ve learned about the history of our capital.

Use:

toy-like structure;

to predict;

to be named after;

immortal work;

to conquer;

to be impressed by;

chronicler.

b) In pairs, discuss the history of Kyiv as in the pattern.

Pattern:

A. Can you see … ? It’s … .

B. Is it the one … ?

A. Exactly, As legend goes … .

B. They say, he put … .

A. Right. Kyivites … .

B. Is the name of the city connected … , I wonder?

A. No, dear. According to another legend … . They … .

B. That reminds me, … .

A. Good girl/boy! And look here, please … .

B. And do you happen to know …?

A. Sure. It was in … .

B. Thank you for the information. You sound … .

c) Imagine you are an expert on Kyiv’s past. Look at the photos and present the history of our capital to the class.

St Andrew’s Church Andriyivskyi Uzviz

The Monument to the founders of Kyiv

Prince Volodymyr

Kyiv Day

VII. Time to Listen

a) Listen to the story “Yaroslav the Wise” and say how it is related to Kyiv’s past.

b) Listen to the story again and mark the true statements.

1. Yaroslav the Wise was a brother of Grand Prince Volodymyr.

2. Under the rule of Yaroslav the Wise Kyivan Rus grew very popular.

3. Yaroslav the Wise established diplomatic relations with many European counties.

4. Prince Yaroslav was married to the daughter of the King of Norway.

5. His daughters were also married to foreign kings.

6. St Sophia’s Cathedral was founded to honour the Prince’s family.

VIII. Time to Write

Info your Writing Portfolio:

Fliers are used to advertise special events, cultural places, services to the public.

How to write a leaflet:

larger-than-life;

nation’s premier event;

landmark;

to make contribution to something;

to keep the spirit of something alive;

to serve as a reminder of something;

to develop and grow into something;

to beat out others for the honour of somebody/something.

Sample Flier

Kyiv Day has developed and grown into one of the nation’s premier events celebrating this ancient city. In the last decade, the festival has grown from a concert and a cruise down Khreshchatyk with about 4,000 in attendance to a two-day event which attracts over 500,000 spectators. Some of the featured attractions are a carnival, sports shows, theatre exhibitions, and markets.

In addition, Kyivites can spend the whole day in the parks waiting for the night to fall and the traditional fireworks show to begin. Don’t miss it!





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