Підручник Англійська мова 7 клас для спеціалізованих навчальних закладів з поглибленим вивченням іноземної мови - Л.В. Калініна - Генеза 2015 рік

UNIT 1. Family and Friends

1.3. People around me

Word Bank

Phrase Bank

Communication Box

survey

to win by a nose

It turns out that …

poll

to ask open-ended questions

Overwhelmingly, …

respondent

to spend time with a significant other

teenager

to feel stressed

top answer

to be one’s foundation

weary

to fill in a questionnaire

embarrassed

to be a predictor of happiness

male

female

I. Conversation Warm-up

Read the sentences (p. 26) and match them to the people around you. Say how the people around you make you feel.

Example: My parents are my foundation. If I do something stupid, they will still love me no matter what. Just knowing that makes me feel happy.

II. Pronunciation Warm-up

Read the proverbs about people around us and practise the sounds /і/ and /t/. Say which of them you agree with.

III. Grammar Smart

1. Look and recall.

The verb to have in its lexical meaning

have / have got

have + noun

Relationships:

Experiences:

I’ve got an elder sister.

Have fun!

She has two kids.

We are having a good time.

Possessions:

Special events:

I’ve got a present for you. (BrE)

Let’s have a party.

They have a lot of money. (AmE)

Have a wonderful trip!

Features:

Activity:

Everyone in his family has got higher

My friend and I have a jog every

education. (BrE)

morning.

She has big brown eyes. (AmE)

I’m tired - let’s relax.

Use forms of have, not have got with past and future tenses.

Example: When I was a child, I had a pet hamster.

When I grow up, I will have a family of my own.

a) Play a grammar comparison game using the pictures.

Example: A: Laura’s got an elder brother.

B: Bill has a younger brother.

b) Answer the ‘how often’ questions.

1. How often do you have a jog? I have a jog every morning.

2. How often do you have a swim?

3. How often do you have a walk?

4. How often do you have a trip?

5. How often do you have parties?

6. How often do you have a conversation on the phone?

2. Read and remember!

The verb to have in its grammatical meaning

Tense form

Meaning

Example

have done/has done

Past experiences

I have travelled a lot.

Past actions with present results

I have already answered all the survey questions.

Situations up to the present

I’ve known Jack for a long time.

have been doing/ has been doing

Actions up to the present

I’ve been walking since three o’clock.

Recent continuous actions with present results

I’m tired - I’ve been cleaning my room.

a) Play a grammar completion game.

Example: A: …travelled a lot.

B: I have travelled a lot.

1. … answered all the survey questions.

2. … been to the Carpathians.

3. … felt happy.

4. … done something stupid.

5. … made new friends.

6. … taken part in a survey.

b) Say what your family and friends have been doing since morning.

Example: My mum has been working since morning.

IV. Word Smart

1. Study these words and word combinations and:

a) Say how much time you spend with these people and what you do together.

Example: I play sports with my teenage friends three times a week.

b) Match the words to their definitions. Say what we can learn about ourselves in this way.

1. survey

a) the most frequent response;

2. top answer

b) a person who just wins;

3. respondent

c) a general study done by asking people questions;

4. winner, by a nose

d) a person who has to answer questions.

2. In pairs, ask each other open-ended questions on the nature of these feelings. Compare your answers and decide what makes both of you happy.

Example: What makes you fell happy?

At Home: Conduct a mini-survey among your teenage friends about the role of family, friends, education and money in their lives. Report your findings in 8—10 sentences.

V. Time to Read

1. Read the Internet article and say what makes a teenager happy.

What Makes a Teenager Happy

So, you are between the ages 13 and 24. What makes you happy? A worried, weary parent might imagine the answer to sound something like this: a little rock’n’roll, maybe some cash, or at least the car keys.

It turns out the real answer is quite different. Spending time with family was the top answer to that open-ended question, according to an extensive survey - more than 100 questions asked of 1,280 people ages 13-24 - conducted by The Associated Press and MTV on the nature of happiness among America’s young people.

Next was spending time with friends, followed by time with a significant other. And even better for parents: nearly three-quarters of young people say their relationship with their parents makes them happy.

“They’re my foundation,” says Kristina St. John, 17, a high-school student from Queens in New York. “My mom tells me that even if I do something stupid, she’s still going to love me no matter what. Just knowing that makes me feel very happy and blessed.”

Other results are more disconcerting. While most young people are happy overall with the way their lives are going, there are racial differences: the poll shows whites to be happier, across economic categories, than blacks and Hispanics. A lot of young people feel stressed, particularly those from the middle class, and females more than males.

You might think money would be clearly tied to a general sense of happiness. But almost no one said “money” when asked what makes them happy, though people with the highest family incomes are generally happier with life. However, having highly educated parents is a stronger predictor of happiness than income.

All parents, here is some more for you: most young people in school say it makes them happy. Overwhelmingly, young people think marriage would make them happy and want to be married some day. Most also want to have kids.

Finally, when asked to name their heroes, nearly half of respondents mentioned one or both of their parents. The winner, by a nose: Mom.

(Adapted from the Internet)

Across Cultures: the USA

The Associated Press - the oldest and largest US news service, with offices all over the world. Its members include newspapers and television

and radio stations.

MTV - an American television company whose programmes are shown around the world. It broadcasts popular music 24 hours a day.

2. Mark the true statements.

1. The article is about small kids.___

2. The real answer differs from that of a worried parent._

3. Teenagers like to spend time with family best of all._

4. Less than 100 young people were asked about the nature of happiness.

5. Spending time with friends was one of the top answers.

6. Money was clearly tied to a general sense of happiness by most respondents.

3. Say what these numbers stand for in the article. Reproduce the sentences with them.

13 17 24 100 1,280 3/4

Example: We become teenagers at the age of 13.

VI. Time to Communicate

1. Act as a journalist and ask your classmates questions on the nature of happiness of young Ukrainians.

Use:

to make somebody happy;

family income;

to feel blessed;

to feel stressed;

to have highly educated parents;

2. In pairs, discuss your strongest predictor of happiness. Use the pattern. Pattern:

A: I say, … , would you mind if I asked you a personal question?

B: No, no. Go ahead.

A: I wonder what makes you happy. A little …? Maybe some … ?

B: Poor guess! In my case, it’s … .

A: Glad to hear that. But why?

B: … my foundation. My … tells me that even if I … , s/he is still going

to … , no matter what. Just knowing that makes me feel … .

A: The same with me. But some people say that . would be clearly tied to … . What do you think?

B: I wouldn’t say that. … is a stronger predictor of happiness than … .

A: What about … ?

B: It … , too. I would also mention … .

A: Me, too.

VII. Time to Write

Into Your Writing Portfolio:

- Advice-seeking letters appear in newspapers and magazine. They can be about any problem imaginable.

- The letters are written in an informal style.

- The introduction will state why this letter is written.

- The body will expand on the problem.

- The conclusion will ask for help from the addressee.

How to write an advice-seeking letter

Introduction

Body

Conclusion

Dear editor,

Never in my wildest dreams did I ever think that …

But I have a situation in which …

So I am writing you in hopes …

To complicate matters,…

I very much would like to …

The problem is that …

One point is …

The second point is …

What should I do?

Should I … or …?

Please answer as soon as possible because …

Example:

Dear Editor,

Never in my wildest dreams did I ever think that I would be writing to someone asking for advice. But I have a situation in which I need help and there is no one I can ask.

I am in my early teens now and nothing seems to make me happy: neither my relationship with my parents nor spending time with friends.

One point is that my mum often tells me that I’ve done something stupid. I wish she said she would love me no matter what.

The second point is that I don’t have enough pocket money to go out. It seems that my friends with higher family incomes are happier with life.

What should I do?





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