Підручник Англійська мова 9 клас (5-й рік навчання) - М.О. Кучма - Богдан 2017 рік

Unit 3 LITERATURE

Lesson 31 Jack London

1. Read about an American writer Jack London.

JACK LONDON

(1876-1916)

The famous American novelist Jack London (pen-name of John Griffith) came from an extremely poor family.

Even during his school years he had to support himself by selling newspapers and doing other small jobs. Then he became a sailor and later a gold-miner. Some of the difficulties he met during the first years of his literary work are described in «Martin Eden».

During the sixteen years of his literary career, London published about fifty books, short stories, novels and other works.

2. Look at the pictures. Which of them show Jack London’s life. Describe these pictures.

3. Read the title from «Martin Eden» by Jack London. What do you expect to read about? Read the extract.

MARTIN EDEN STUDIES

(From «Martin Eden». Abridged)

…One day, because the days were so short, he decided to give up algebra and geometry. Trigonometry he had not even attempted. Then he cut chemistry from his study list, remaining only physics.

«I am not a specialist,» he said in defence to Ruth. «Nor am I going to try to be a specialist. There are too many special fields for any one man, in a whole lifetime, to master them. I must pursue general knowledge. When I need the work of specialists, I shall refer to their books.»

«But that is not like having the knowledge yourself,» she protested.

«But it is unnecessary to have it. We profit from the work of the specialists. That’s what they are for. When I came in, I noticed the chimney-sweeper at work. They’re specialists, and when they get done, you will enjoy clean chimneys without knowing anything about the construction of chimneys.»

«That’s far fetched, I am afraid.»

She looked at him curiously, and he felt a reproach in her gaze and manner. But he was convinced of the Tightness of his position…

4. Answer the questions.

1. Were your predictions correct?

2. What is the main idea of the extract?

3. Who are the main characters?

4. Do you agree with Martin Eden that it is useless to study all subjects at school? Give your reasons.

5. Work in pairs. Take turns to answer the questions, using no or its derivatives.

Model: Did you find anybody in your room when you return from school today?

No, I found nobody there.

1. Can any of your friends speak Italian?

2. Is there anything on the floor now?

3. Has anybody invited you to his birthday party in the last two weeks?

4. Did you see any of your relatives yesterday?

5. Do you know anything about space?

6. Do you have many friends in France?

7. Has any of your friends won a lottery?

6. Find on the Internet or any other source the additional information about Jack London and his works. Prepare a brief report about it.






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