Підручник Англійська мова 9 клас (5-й рік навчання) - М.О. Кучма - Богдан 2017 рік


Lesson 5 The British Isles and Ukraine. Native Town/Village

1. Look at the map and read about the British Isles.


The British Isles lie off the north-west coast of continental Europe. They are made up of Great Britain (England, Scotland and Wales) or the United Kingdom (UK) and Northern Ireland. The capital of Great Britain is London.

The UK is separated from Europe by the English Channel. The country is washed by the Atlantic Ocean in the north and the North Sea in the east.

Mountains are an important part of the geography of the country. The highest mountains are Ben Nevis in Scotland, Snowdon in Wales, Scafell in the Lake District and Slieve Donard in Northern Ireland.

The main rivers in England are the Seven and the Thames. Scotland’s longest river is the Clyde and Ireland’s — the Shannon. The largest lake is the Lough Neagh in Northern Ireland.

2. Tell the class about the British Isles. Use the information from exercise 1.

3. Look at the map and read about Ukraine.


Ukraine occupies an area of 603.700 square kilometers. In the north it borders on Belarus; in the east and north-east on Russia; in the south-west on Hungary, Romania and Moldova; in the west on Poland and Slovakia. In the south Ukraine is washed by the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov.

The main territory of Ukraine is flat, but 5% of it make up mountains. The largest of them are the Carpathian mountains and the Crimean Mountains.

The Carpathians are situated in Europe and stretch through Hungary, Poland, Romania, and Ukraine. The highest point of the Ukrainian Carpathians is Hoverla — 2,061 metres above the sea level.

The Crimean Mountains stretch along the coast of the Black Sea. The highest point of the Crimean Mountains is Roman-Kosh.

The major rivers in Ukraine are the magnificent Dnipro, the Dnister, the Bug, the Donets and others.

4. Tell the class about Ukraine. Use the information from exercise 3.

5. Open the brackets in the sentences given below. Use the Present Perfect or the Past Perfect.

1. You can have this newspaper. I (finish) reading it.

2. It wasn’t raining when I left for school. It (stop) by that time.

3. I am not hungry. I already (eat).

4. It was ten p.m. I already (finish) doing my homework and I was ready to go to bed.

5. Carol missed her lesson of English yesterday because of a terrible traffic jam. By the time she got to school, her lesson already (begin).

6. Our family had no car at that time. We (sell) our old car.

7. Do you want to see that programme? It just (start).

8. We are late. The party already (start).

9. I (learn) English for 4 years now.

10. John (live) in Paris for 5 years before he could speak French fluently.

11. They are angry because (wait) for too long.

6. Discuss in small groups.

1. What you enjoy about living in your place of permanent residence.

2. What kinds of entertainment there are in your area.

3. In what ways you would improve the area where you live.

4. Which place you would prefer to live in. Give your reasons.

7. Work in pairs. Take turns to ask and answer the questions about your town/village. The questions below will help you.

Geographical location: Is it in the north/south/east/west of the country? Is it on a river/ by the seaside/in the mountains?

Historical interest: Is it important historically? Can you name famous people connected with your town/village? What are they famous for?

Landmarks and Sights: Are there any churches, cathedrals, museums, art galleries, parks, sport centres, palaces, etc. there?

Shopping: Where is the best place to shop?

Transport: What means of transport are there? Which of them do you take?

Weather: What is the usual weather for your town/village?

8. Write 6 sentences about advantages and disadvantages of living in town and in a village.

Advantages of living in town

Disadvantages of living in town

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