Підручник Англійська мова 9 клас (5-й рік навчання) - М.О. Кучма - Богдан 2017 рік

SUPPLEMENTARY READING

TASK 1

1. Read the words and word combinations. They will help you to understand the text.

to try to make its way through — намагатися прокладати собі шлях через

too wide — надто широкий

to navigate through heavy traffic — керувати (транспортним засобом) під час інтенсивного вуличного руху

unearthly — неземний

to make sense to me — бути зрозумілим мені

invention — винахід

2. Read the text and do after text activities.

JERRY’S PLAN

Part I

The other day, while my family and I were stuck in a traffic jam, my brother Jerry started to draw what he called the «future vehicle». It was the most unusual vehicle I had ever seen.

We had just heard a siren. It was an ambulance trying to make its way through the thick traffic jam on the highway. It had to zigzag through the slow-moving automobiles.

«You see, that’s the problem with ambulances. They are too wide to navigate easily through heavy traffic. They should be elongated and narrower. Then they could fit between lanes of traffic. Look at my idea of an ambulance,» said Jerry, pointing to his unearthly drawing.

As traffic began to flow smoothly, Jerry continued to explain how his version of an ambulance would work. It was beginning to make sense to me. Dad said it was a great idea. Mum suggested that Jerry get a patent for his invention to make sure his idea was not stolen.

3. Why does Jerry think ambulances should be narrower?

a) They could be seen more easily.

b) They could fit between traffic lanes.

c) They could move more quickly.

d) They would prevent traffic jams.

4. In this selection, elongated means:

a) broken into parts;

b) lengthened;

c) removed;

d) trimmed.

TASK 2

1. Read the words and word combinations. They will help you to understand the text.

to obtain — одержувати; діставати; здобувати

Patent and Trademark Office — Міністерство патентів та торгових марок

search — пошук

to fill out — заповнювати (анкету)

to be granted — бути дозволеним

item — окремий елемент

2. Read the text and do after text activities.

JERRY’S PLAN Part II

Jerry was excited and decided to find out how to get a patent. He went to the library and read about patents. Jerry learned that before you try to obtain a patent for your idea, you must make sure that no one has a similar patent already. Some people hire an agent to check this for them. The agent checks with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, which has millions of patents registered. The agent must also check foreign patents. After the search, Jerry would have to fill out an application and include drawings and a description of his new vehicle. It could take as long as two years for the patent to be granted.

If Jerry receives his patent, he will be given a patent number, which tells the date of the invention. Jerry will have certain rights as an inventor. No one other than the inventor can make or sell the patented item for 17 years.

Learning about patents was an interesting experience. Jerry learned that he is not the only one with an unusual invention. I hope that his idea is successful and that it does not become just another number on the shelf in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office in Arlington, Virginia.

3. The boxes below show events from the selection.

Jerry observed


Dad said Jerry’s new

an ambulance stuck


ambulance was

in a traffic jam.


a great idea.

1

2

3

Which event belongs to the second box?

a) Jerry went to the library.

b) Jerry drew the «future vehicle».

c) Jerry learned about the patent process.

d) Mom suggested Jerry get a patent.

4. Write and then tell what conclusion can be drawn from the last sentence of the selection.

TASK 3

1. Read the words and word combinations. They will help you to understand the text.

to be bored — нудьгувати to confess — зізнаватися notice board — дошка оголошень to publish — друкуватися; видавати neatly — акуратно, охайно mail — пошта

to notify — сповіщати, повідомляти to judge — судити; оцінювати

2. Read the text and do after text activities.

LAURA’S SUMMER PROJECT

It was the middle of summer, and Laura was bored. Her best friend was away on vacation, and her brother was at camp. She didn’t have anyone to play with or talk to.

She decided to bicycle up the street to the bookstore. She liked to visit there. It had a lot of interesting toys, posters, and computer games, as well as books. She had become friends with Mr. Hoffman, the owner.

«How are you doing today, Laura?» Mr. Hoffman greeted her.

«Okay, I guess. I’m kind of bored,» she confessed.

«Well, I have something exciting to show you,» he said. «It’s about one of your favourite authors.» He led her to the notice board. She read the poster.

Laura was so excited she could hardly stand still. She had read all of Elizabeth Blalock’s books. Laura thought Ms. Blalock was a wonderful writer. She couldn’t think of anything more wonderful than meeting her — except maybe winning the contest and having a story of her own published! Suddenly Laura wasn’t bored anymore. «Thanks, Mr. Hoffman!» she said as she hurried out the door.

MEET ELIZABETH BLALOCK

Well-known author Elizabeth Blalock will be at Treehouse Bookstore on Saturday, July 13, from 1.00 p.m. to autograph copies of her books.

Story-Writing Contest

Contest sponsored by Treehouse Bookstore and open to boys and girls ages 6-12.

Contest Rules

Stories must be:

Mail your story to:

1. Original fiction

Treehouse Bookstore

2. Between 500 and 700 words in length

1204 Jefferson Avenue

3. Neatly written or typed

Madison, Wisconsin 53047

We must receive your story by August 1. Winners will be notified on August 15.

Contest Prizes

First place: $ 50 Treehouse Bookstore gift certificate.

Second and Third places: $ 30 Treehouse Bookstore gift certificates.

Ms. Blalock will judge our story-writing contest and hold a personal writing conference ith the first-place winner. Then the winning story will be published in Tom Thumb magazine.

3. In this selection, autograph means:

a) to illustrate a book;

b) to sign one’s name;

c) to give away money;

d) to sell a book.

4. How did Laura feel after she read the poster?

a) She was worried.

b) She was excited and eager to start writing a story.

c) She was still bored.

d) She was sad.

5. Why did Laura like to visit the bookstore?

a) She needed a book for class.

b) It sold birthday cards and balloons.

c) She needed a poster for her bedroom.

d) It had interesting toys, posters, games, and books.

6. For this contest, you may enter:

a) a story you made up;

b) a report on an animal;

c) a biography about a famous person;

d) a short poem.

7. Which of these statements is the best summary of the story?

a) Laura was bored because her best friend was away on vacation and her brother was at camp.

b) Laura liked to go to the bookstore and was friends with Mr. Hoffman, the owner.

c) Ms. Blalock will judge a story-writing contest sponsored by Treehouse Bookstore.

d) Laura was bored until she learned that one of her favourite authors would be the judge in a story-writing contest.

TASK 4

1. Read the words and word combinations. They will help you to understand the text.

soldier — солдат

scent — запах

war — війна c

hemist — хімік

to establish — установлювати; влаштовувати

2. Read the text and do after text activities.

THE PERFUME INDUSTRY

The art of making perfumes was important in Asia. That was where English and French soldiers found the sweet scents in the 1200s. They returned to England and France with the perfumes. Some soldiers even wore perfume into war. They thought it brought them good luck. In the 1500s, perfume was very popular in Europe. In France, Queen Catherine de Medici told her chemist to produce a fragrance for each flower in France. This was the start of a big business there. Even Napoleon had a perfumer. In the next centuries, many famous perfume companies were established.

3. When did the perfume industry begin in France?

a) at the time Catherine de Medici was queen;

b) before the soldiers used it;

c) at the same time that it was important in Asia;

d) in the next century.

4. According to the passage, perfumes were popular in Europe in:

a) the 1200s;

b) the 1500s;

c) the 1700s;

d) the 1900s.

TASK 5

1. Read the words and word combinations. They will help you to understand the text.

prized possessions — цінне майно/власність

to stare — пильно дивитися

long-dead — давно померлий

rain forest — тропічний ліс

to save — зберігати

to be on fire — палати

to grab — раптово хапати

destruction — руйнування, знищення

right choice — правильний вибір

2. Read the text and do after text activities.

A DIFFICULT DECISION

Frieda and her mother lived in an apartment in New York City. Frieda had no brothers or sisters, and there were no children living nearby. Her best friend was a very old woman named Maria, who lived down the hall.

Maria’s most prized possessions were a cat named Javier and an album of photographs from her family in Costa Rica. When she visited Maria, Frieda liked to study the album. Men in big moustaches and women in blouses embroidered with bright flowers, leaves, and native animals stared from the photographs. Maria would begin by talking about these long-dead relatives but would end by telling stories about the jaguars and parrots that lived in the rain forest near her family home. Frieda loved listening to these stories. She wanted to become a scientist to help save the rain forests from destruction.

One night as Frieda was doing her homework she heard sirens, and fire trucks suddenly appeared on the street below. The next thing she knew, a firefighter was pounding on their door. The top floors of the building were on fire. Frieda’s mother shouted, «Grab your stereo and let’s go!» Frieda had saved her money for a year to buy the stereo.

«Maria may need help,» Frieda yelled as she raced down the hall to her friend’s apartment. The door was standing open. The firefighters had already helped Maria and Javier downstairs. Frieda grabbed the heavy photo album from the shelf where Maria always kept it. Frieda hurried downstairs; smoke was filling the hallways.

Frieda’s mother was anxiously waiting for her on the street. She saw that her daughter had saved only Maria’s photo album. «I’m sorry about your stereo,» Frieda’s mother said. «That’s all right,» Frieda said, «I made the right choice.»

3. According to the story, Frieda grabbed the photo album mainly because:

a) she knew it meant a lot to Maria;

b) she always wanted to own it;

c) she did not see anything else to save;

d) Maria told her to save it.

4. The story takes place in:

a) Costa Rica;

b) the country;

c) a tropical rain forest;

d) New York City.

5. Maria’s most prized possessions were an album of photographs and a:

a) collection of postcards;

b) parrot from Brazil;

c) cat named Javier;

d) grandfather clock.

6. This selection is mostly about a girl who:

a) fights a fire;

b) saves her own favourite thing;

c) knows how to save money;

d) makes a difficult choice.

7. Which of these sentences would fit best at the end of this story?

a) «My album cost more than the stereo.»

b) «I will give her a reward.»

c) «I am tired of my stereo.»

d) «I could never replace the album.»

8. Why did Frieda like to visit Maria?

TASK 6

1. Read the words and word combinations. They will help you to understand the text.

recipe — рецепт

to learn your way around

the kitchen — шукати свій стиль приготування

Nutrition Association — Харчова Організація

low-fat — з низьким вмістом жирів

to be delighted — бути задоволеним

free — безкоштовно

set of measuring

spoons — набір ложок для міри

2. Read the text and do after text activities.

ANYONE CAN COOK!

A cookbook of easy-to-make recipes that taste good and are good for you.

Just learning your way around the kitchen? Want some recipes that are easy to follow and quick to satisfy your sweet tooth? This cookbook is the one for you! And your parents will love it too! The recipes have been approved by the American Nutrition Association. The recipes are low-fat, high-taste.

«Anyone Can Cook!» comes with 200 recipes, full-colour photographs of the finished products, and suggestions for setting the table for special occasions. The cookbook also helps you make grocery lists for the ingredients you will need for the recipes you want to try.

The cookbook has enough recipes and other ideas to help you prepare a completely balanced meal and surprise your family.

The cookbook will help you make and keep friends. Practise the recipes on your friends. They will be delighted! They’ll want to help you with your creations.

For a limited time, we are offering «Anyone Can Cook!» for a fantastic price — $ 12.95 each or 2 for $ 20.95. And if you order within the next ten days, we will also send you (FREE) a complete set of measuring spoons and cups for each book ordered!!! Don’t delay.

To order «Anyone Can Cook!», just fill out the order form below. Please include a check.

Order Form

Send me __________ . copy(ies) of «Anyone Can Cook!».

Also send me__________ . FREE set(s) of measuring spoons and cups.

I have enclosed $ ___________.

Please send my cookbook(s) to:

Name ____________________________________.

Address ____________________________________ .

City__________________. State ________________. Zip _________ .

Phone (including Area Code) ___________.

Cut out the order form and mail it to:

Anyone Can Cook!

1012 Cookie Dough Lane

Baking, PA 09876

Allow 4 to 5 weeks for delivery.

3. According to the advertisement, when you practise the recipes on your friends, they will:

a) want to help you make your creations;

b) not have room to eat dinner at home;

c) look for their favourite cookbook at home;

d) invite you over to try their favourite creations.

4. To get a free set of measuring spoons and cups you must:

a) pay for the cookbook with a check;

b) order within ten days;

c) fill out the order form;

d) buy two copies of the cookbook.

5. The ad tries to interest you in ordering the cookbook by:

a) making it sound like fun to make the recipes;

b) offering to send you a free copy;

c) showing you photographs from the book;

d) selling the book through the mail.

6. How long will it take to receive your cookbook?

a) 2 to 3 weeks;

b) 3 to 4 weeks;

c) 4 to 5 weeks;

d) 5 to 6 weeks.

7. Why would you buy the «Anyone Can Cook!» cookbook?

TASK 7

1. Read the words and word combinations. They will help you to understand the text.

achievement — досягнення

government — уряд

to occur — траплятися; відбуватися

to reduce — зменшувати, знижувати

to cut taxes — знижувати податки

to design — проектувати

swivel chair — обертове крісло

dumbwaiter — столик, який обертається; відкритий прилавок для закусок

2. Read the text and do after text activities.

A MAN OF MANY TALENTS

Thomas Jefferson was the third President of the United States. He is also well-known for many other achievements. He was a writer, an architect, an inventor, and a music lover.

Jefferson was involved in government for many years before he became President. He was the governor of Virginia, a U.S. congressman, the minister of France, and the Vice President of the United States. He helped to write the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, and the Bill of Rights.

Jefferson served as President from 1801 to 1809. Many changes occurred during his time in office. He tried to keep government simple and began to reduce government spending and to cut taxes. In 1803, the United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France. This territory nearly doubled the size of the country. He asked two army officers and explorers, Lewis and Clark, to travel through the new land and find out all about it.

During and after his time as President, Jefferson followed his other interests. He designed Monticello, his Virginia home, and the Virginia Capitol building. He invented the swivel chair and the dumbwaiter.

Jefferson contributed greatly to the development of the University of Virginia. In addition to designing the university buildings, he planned the courses, hired the teachers, and selected the books. The university opened its doors in 1825.

Jefferson was a man of many talents, and he used his talents to improve life for many people in his country.

3. This article is most like:

a) a folk tale;

b) historical fiction;

c) a biography;

d) fantasy.

4. There is enough information in this article to show that Thomas Jefferson:

a) was a good musician and a talented singer;

b) paid too much money for the Louisiana Territory;

c) greatly contributed to his country and its people;

d) increased government spending and increased taxes.

5. To learn more about Thomas Jefferson you should:

a) visit Louisiana;

b) look in a book about Presidents of the United States;

c) go to a university in France;

d) look in the dictionary under «architect».

6. What are some of the things Thomas Jefferson is known for?

TASK 8

WHEN THINGS GO WRONG… ARE YOU A GOOD FRIEND?

1. Answer the questions below to discover the truth.

1. You and your friend try on identical T-shirts in a shop. When you put yours on, it rips! You and your friend give the T-shirts back to the assistant. She accuses your friend of ripping the T-shirt. What do you do?

a) Say nothing. The shop assistant might suspect you.

b) Defend your friend.

c) Admit that it was you.

2. For a joke, everyone has told your best friend that this year’s school Christmas party is fancy dress but it is not. You know he/she will be embarrassed. What do you do?

a) Tell him/her the truth before the party.

b) Take some normal clothes to the party because he/she might want to change.

c) Wait for the party then laugh.

3. You are going to stay with some friends. You invite a good friend from school to go with you. After a day, you notice that your friends are talking to your school friend much more than to you! What do you do?

a) Nothing, you are happy that your friends like each other.

b) Tell your friends something horrible about your school friend.

c) Try to be the centre of attention by doing silly things.

4. Either you or your friend might win the geography prize. The teacher recommends a book to use for the geography assignment. Your friend did not write down the title of the book. He/she asks you the title. What do you do?

a) Pretend that you can’t remember.

b) Tell him/her the title; you want to be fair.

c) Tell him/her the title then take the book out of the library before your friend finds it.

5. Your best friend didn’t use to be a rebel but now he/she is frequently breaking school rules and lying. You try to talk about it but he/she says you are boring and never do anything exciting. What do you do?

a) Demonstrate that you are not boring by breaking some rules too.

b) Decide it’s time to find a new friend.

c) Worry that he/she might get into trouble.

6. Your friend has told everyone that he/she used to act in films and advertisements. Even worse! He/she has told everyone that he/she might be able to get Hugh Grant’s autograph. It’s all a big lie. What do you do?

a) Tell everyone it’s true (and write begging letters to Hugh Grant).

b) Nothing, it might teach your friend not to lie.

c) Tell everyone that your friend is lying.

6-9

You are brave and kind. Your friends are very lucky to have you as a friend. We hope that they are good friends to you too. You enjoy helping and protecting people. However, sometimes, you might forget someone — yourself.

10-14

You are a good friend but you are realistic too. You know that friends sometimes do silly things and you can’t always stop them or help them. However, you take care of your good friends and listen to their problems when things go wrong.

15-18

You are often selfish; you think only of yourself. You always want to be the centre of attention. You don’t like helping others and you never think of other people’s feelings.

From «Team»

T-shirt — футболка

to rip — рватися, поротися

to accuse — звинувачувати

to suspect — підозрювати

to defend — захищати

to admit — визнавати

fancy dress — костюмований

embarrassed — засмучений

to change — переодягатися

to notice — помічати

horrible — жахливий

silly — безглуздий

assignment — завдання

title — назва

to pretend — прикидатись

fair — справедливий

rebel — бунтівник

frequently — часто

to break rules — порушувати правила

to lie — брехати

boring — набридливий, нудний

exciting — хвилюючий

advertisement — реклама

to protect — захищати

selfish — егоїстичний






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