Матеріали для Нової української школи 1 клас - планування, розробки уроків, дидактичні та методичні матеріали, підручники та зошити

Підручник Англійська мова 9 клас для спеціалізованих шкіл з поглибленим вивченням англійської мови - Л.В. Калініна - Генеза 2017 рік

Unit 3 Preparing For The Future

3.3. Make Your Decision

Word Bank

Phrase Bank

Communication Box

• fee;

• shrewd;

• stability;

• to assure;

• monotonous;

• tiring.

• family income;

• to get a student loan;

• to answer traditional requirements;

• career possibility;

• to go into the profession;

• to see the life through somebody’s eyes;

• to suit to a profession;

• to have passion for;

• to see the job from within;

• to base one’s life around something;

• to get down to work;

• to assert one’s individuality.

• Hopefully...

• To be honest...

• Eventually...

• If the worst comes to the worst, ...

I. Go Ahead!

Look at the photos and offer a possible job to these people. Give your reasons.

Example: Young people in the 1st photo are fond of dancing. I think they are very good at it. So, they may become professional dancers.

II. Reading

Read what jobs young people from different countries want to try. Say if you agree with the reasons of their choices.

I don’t have high grades to go to a good university and I also don’t think my family can afford the fees. My parents really need me to contribute to the family income. Since I am good at designing computer programs, my teacher recommended trying a job in a computer company which may want me to do certain courses for my position so I could develop and get a promotion. I think it’s a good idea to become a computer programmer. If my job doesn’t offer any training or opportunities for me to study and work, at least I will get experience. Hopefully, I will be able to save up some money so that I could then go to university. And if the worst comes to worst and I really don’t enjoy my work and want to get back to studying, I can always get a student loan that I pay back later.

John Smith, the USA

* * *

I’m a great admirer of detective stories and Hercule Poirrot is my role model. He is very shrewd and wise and I can’t but admire his skills of a detective. It influenced the choice of my future job, so I decided to be a lawyer, the most exciting and interesting job for me. I wanted to learn more about it and find out if I was suited to this profession.

To begin with, I started looking for a job in a law firm. I knew that all I could do was basic office duties, such as what an office junior or a runner would do, but at least I would be getting experience and finding out if I liked this working environment. So I was accepted as an office junior at a law firm only a 15-minute walk from my house.

I loved it. I saw for real how cases were solved, how evidence was gathered in the whole process. I learnt it was very hard work but the rewards were worth it. I could see that this job answered all the traditional requirements: job satisfaction, career possibilities, good working conditions and stability. This assured me that I wanted to go into this profession.

Steven Kolman, Finland

* * *

Reading is the activity I like the best and I can spend hours on end reading and discussing books with peers. Seeing my passion for reading, my granny recommended me to choose the profession of a librarian. She says it is a very challenging and rewarding job at the same time. You can not only enrich your knowledge but involve others into this amazing activity. I didn’t like this idea at first, but the more I observed the work of the librarians in our city library, the more I liked it. I liked the way they communicated with readers, I listened to their talks with first comers and understood that I also have all personal qualities of a librarian. I’m sociable, creative, patient and enthusiastic about new things. Moreover, I can work in the electronic department of the library designing interesting web-pages for readers, offering webinars on new books or interesting authors. So I saw my future job from within and understood what I want to do after school.

Sofia Petrova, Bulgaria

* * *

My parents see me as an engineer or an economist. They say these professions are prestigious and well-paid. But I didn’t like this idea at all. I don’t like to work with any kind of machinery, to sit in an office doing monotonous tiring job. I want to work with different people, to see the life around me through their eyes, to share their feelings, to understand their problems. I want to base my life around it in every possible way. Thus, I will see people and their lives not in movies or books but in reality. I think I can reach this goal if I become a psychologist. It is a respected and popular job, I think. Probably, I’ll take a gap year. Nowadays my career advisor encourages me to take a gap year. He says future employers love it because you have done something original to talk about in your job interview. But when the gap year is over you are expected to get down to serious work - start making money and making plans for the future. I think this variant is for me.

Roy Brown, England

* * *

As all teenagers, I want to have a proper satisfying job, but I want to go my own way.

I refuse to follow in anyone’s steps. To be honest, such a prospect doesn’t attract me. I am eager to work in a bank, to consult people on money and besides banks pay you well. I realize, of course, that I need a university education if I want to make a career in banking. In fact, I’m rather good at mathematics and can take a university course of economics. My parents advised me not to waste time during my last years in school. Eventually, I’ve made a decision to join a preparatory course in Maths in the university.

Ann Gladko, Ukraine

Across Cultures

student loan — a method of paying for education when students at universities and colleges borrow money from banks and repay it when they begin work after completing their studies.

gap year - a year between finishing school and starting university. careers advisor - in Britain a specially trained person whose job is to help other people decide what job they want to do and to give help and information.

III. Language Track

1. From the texts find and reproduce 10 words with the sounds /h/ and /ə:/ in context. Practise saying them in your own sentences.

Example: /h/ I don’t have high grades.

/ə:/ If the worst comes to the worst, I an always get a student loan. If you want to go to the university after finishing school, you really should have high grades.

1. Study the difference in meaning. From the text reproduce the words in context and illustrate them in your own examples.

a job — is a work that a person does regularly to earn money.

profession — is a job that requires special training, often a university education and brings a rather high social status.

Example: Uncle Sam was a station master and he loved his job.

Example: After 30 years of work I’ve understood that I know my profession.

a career - is the series of jobs that a person does in his / her life usually in one and the same field.

Example: Mr. Black made a successful career of a tailor making thousands of suits for thousands of men.

2. From the text, reproduce job characteristics in context and say to what professions in the list below they may be attributable. Give your reasons.

Example: challenging - the job of a librarian is very challenging.

I think that any creative job like a hairdresser or a fashion designer may be challenging because it gives a person opportunities for creativity. Thus she / he may assert his/her individuality.

• journalist;

• cook;

• mechanic;

• lawyer;

• dressmaker / tailor;

• musician;

• firefighter;

• an accountant;

• an economist;

• an interpreter.

3. From the text, reproduce the jobs the children mentioned in context and from the box (p.95) choose qualities and skills you think necessary for them. Explain your choice.

Example: I decided to become a psychologist.

I think it is a very popular job nowadays. For it a person should be able to get on with people, to hear them out and eventually to give a piece of advice.

Qualities

Skills

• interesting;

• to communicate with people;

• exciting;

• to be sympathetic with people’s problems;

• prestigious;

• to be courageous;

• creative;

• to be resourceful;

• challenging;

• to make quick and necessary decisions;

• monotonous;

• to have a good memory;

• respected;

• to have an ability to express yourself clearl;

• tiring;

• to have a good ear for music;

• useful;

• to hear and understand;

• boring;

• to be able to work with one’s hands.

1. From the text, reproduce grammar items in bold and say when the infinitive (to + base form of the verb) is used.

2. From the text, reproduce 6-8 sentences with infinitives and change them into negative.

Example: My career advisor encouraged me to take a gap year.

My career advisor told me not to take a gap year.

3. Read the extracts from Ukrainian teenagers’ letters to the school newspaper and complete them with the correct form of the words in brackets.

I think it was a mistake to invite (mistake / invite) technicians to our class meeting. It was ___________ (unpleasant / hear) that they enjoyed their jobs. The information they gave us wasn’t __________(convincing / believe) as it contained so many facts proving the opposite. For us, school leavers, it’s ________________(important /get) truthful information because it’s the _________ (time / make) right decisions. I don’t think that after this meeting my peers were ____ (eager / choose) the job of a technician.

Liza Kordak

A week ago our class was invited to see the medical college of our town. For me it was such a wonderful____________(place / visit). I was ________ (glad / see) many medical laboratories, well-equipped studies and even a museum. The Assistant Dean _____________ (allow us / see) how the future dentists worked. It was so ________ (unexpected / see) them at work and a great ______ (pleasure / talk) to them. It was a very useful visit because my friend and I_______(decide / be) dentists.

IV. Communication Track

Speaking

a) One of the teenagers said that the job he had found, answered all the traditional requirements. Think and say what requirements the job you want to have in future should answer and explain why. Use the guiding lines:

• if you need a university degree, qualification and / or special training;

• where you can get the necessary qualification;

• how long it may take you to get the job;

• how you can characterize the job you have chosen;

• what qualities you should have for the job;

• what skills this job will require from you.

b) In pairs look at the photos. Identify yourself with the characters and role-play the dialogue which may take place between the two people. Use the beginning given.

- Well, Andrew, last time I heard you say you were in two minds about your future career and you said you would think about it again.

- Yes, I did, but indecision is still my problem.

c) In groups, read the teen job advertisement in a British newspaper and the information of three applicants. Choose the best suited candidate for the job. Give reasons for your choice.

Interested in a part time job?

A city youth club is looking for an office junior. Half a year contract. Must be prepared to work late.

Name: Lisa Varden

Education: completed the 9th form

Work experience: I haven’t any except babysitting for my mum. I’d like to work as I want to contribute to my family income.

Skills: I’ m not very advanced academically, but my friends say I’m quite sociable.

Name: Phil Brown

Education: completed the 9th form

Work experience: I have been repairing my dad’s car but I haven’t got a driving license.

Skills: I like working with machines and have good knowledge of cars.

Name: Kate Collins

Education: completed the 9th form

Work experience: I’ve been helping at my dad’s office: received telephone calls, made photocopies.

Skills: Good knowledge of Microsoft Word and Excel.

Listening

a) Before you listen

You are going to listen to the coordinator of Wodd education programme in Australia.

• Brainstorm with your friends what the coordinator may talk about and come up with 5 questions you’d like to get the answers to.

b) While you listen

Listen to the information and fill in the chart below.

Wodd education programme

Offers

Advantages

• learning experience

• educational value

• intercultural experience

c) After you listen

In the whole group, discuss the possibilities of Ukrainian students to continue their studying abroad. What exchange programmes are popular in Ukraine?

Writing

a) Before you write

In some educational establishments the authorities ask the students to write their autobiography - a piece of writing that someone does about his/her life.

• Brainstorm with your friends and decide what facts of your life the autobiography should contain.

b) While you write

How to Write Autobiography

Content Tips

Language Tips

• Develop a core concept.

• Outline your life.

• Paint a mental picture with your words.

• On the first day of school I worried about how ...

• When I began the fifth grade, I noticed that...

• I started the eighth grade ...

• Then in my junior year...

• That’s the year I learned to ...

• They used me as ...

• Lucky for me, ...

• I was flabbergasted to discover that...

At Home: In your WB, write your autobiography “My Secondary School Experience”.









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