Підручник Англійська мова 9 клас для спеціалізованих шкіл з поглибленим вивченням англійської мови - Л.В. Калініна - Генеза 2017 рік
Unit 4 Science and technology
4.4. Science or Fiction
• an incredible dreamer;
• to cure disease;
• to walk out into outer space;
• the interplanetary station;
• to have an(no) analogy to... ;
• a breaking through technology.
Communication Box: How to compare innovations
• Compared to/with...
• ...in relation to
• ...is much more important than...
• In contrast with...
• It goes further, much further
• I’d like to make a comparison be
• I think there is no analogy...
• If we draw a parallel between...
• There’s much in common between but...
• Exactly, neither of...
I. Go Ahead!
Look at the photos and say what of the people’s dreams have become a reality.
Example: I believe space flights have become a reality. Even joint international flights are not surprising nowadays.
Read the dialoque between two friends and say if they have the same opinion about science fiction and reality.
Ann: Phil, you look so mysterious! Reading another science fiction book?
Phil: Poor guess. This time I’m reading about nanotechnology.
Ann: Nanotechnology? What’s this?
Phil: It’s the science of building tiny machines, so small that you cannot see them. Scientists agree that nanotechnology is breaking through and it will change our lives in the future. Isn’t it amazing?
Ann: You are an incredible dreamer, Phil. I stopped reading such books long ago. How can a tiny thing do such things?
Phil: Don’t speak too soon! It’s a pity you stopped to read. It goes further, much further than this. Remember science fiction film “Fantastic Voyage”, in which an inventor develops a new way to cure diseases. Tiny robots, smaller than a virus are injected into a patient and travel around the body visiting different parts and repairing them.
Ann: This is just a fantasy!
Phil: So it is, but the reality of nanotechnology is not very different., I forgot to tell you that. It is said in this book, that scientists are already- making nanorobots, which doctors might be able to inject into a patient and cure almost every disease. Just imagine - a completely healthy generation! How do you like this idea?
Ann: Incredible! But still it is only a prediction about the future. I never forget reading about the film “Fantastic Voyage” but this new technology is like a wonderful dream. I know you are a great admirer of science fiction books and films and are crazy about flying cars, time travel, aliens and now nanorobots.
Phil: You are too prosaic, Ann. You didn’t believe in cloning but Ian Wilmut made it possible. I remember telling you about it. A lot of dreams have become a reality. Your granddad couldn’t even think of spaceships flying to different planets, cosmonauts walking out into outer space, interplanetary stations, making various space experiments. These things seemed improbable at his time, as nanorobots to you now.
Ann: That’s true. I remembered to tell you that in contrast with you, 1 don’t believe in UFOs, aliens with red eyes and green skin. Maybe in a hundred year’s time there will be other changes in the life of people, but today it’s nothing but science fiction, and there’s no analogy to it.
Phil: It’s your way of looking at. it. But I think science fiction can predict great scientific discoveries. Thousands of people say they’ve seen UFOs, some people even say they’ve met aliens! Though scientists haven’t found any alien life or contacted any aliens yet but who knows, maybe our children will have friends from other planets in the future.
Ann: Ok, ok. Let’s agree to differ. Science or fiction... we’ll wait and see.
Ian Wilmut - a Scottish scientist who developed the ideas of cloning.
III. Language Track
From the dialogue, reproduce “wh-questions” with correct intonation following the pattern. Practise saying them with your partner.
2. In the dialogue, find the derivatives of the following words, reproduce them in context and use in the sentences of your own.
Example: mystery - mysterious
You look so mysterious!
My friend looks mysterious when he wants to break the news.
• to amaze
• to dream
• to invent
• to predict
• to vary
3. In the dialogue, find and reproduce words or phrases with the opposite meaning in context to the ones given below. Practise them in your own sentences.
Example: enormous - tiny
It’s the science of building tiny machines.
I’m fond of collecting tiny books, it’s fun.
• to break
• good guess
4. From dialogue, reproduce words and phrases with which Phil describes nanotehnology in context and add 2-3 logically connected sentences. Are you with Ann or Philip?
1. In the dialogue, find and reproduce grammar constructions in bold and interpret their meanings. Are they the same or different?
2. Complete the sentences choosing the right forms of the verb.
Example: I won’t forget (talking / to talk) to him at the party.
I won’t forget talking to him at the party,
1. I think I’ll always remember ... (visiting / to visit) the Chernobyl zone.
2. We stopped at the lake... (looking / to look) at the map as we didn’t know where to go.
3. You mustn’t forget ... (switching off / to switch off) the light before going to bed.
4. The workers have already begun ... (cleaning / to clean) the site.
5. Do you remember... (drawing / to draw) a scheme that I had asked you about?
6. It was so sad and the boy couldn’t stop... (to cry / crying).
7. I remember ... (reading / to read) an article about the first man on the moon.
8. Unfortunately we often forget... (doing / to do) things we have to do.
9. I regret... (to tell / telling) you that you are not included in this scientific group.
10. He remembered (to close / closing) the door so that nobody could open it.
3. Look at the photos, say what people should remember, never forget, stop, or begin doing or to do and why.
Example: I remember reading about the oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. It was a great technological disaster not only for the USA, but for the whole world. I never forget watching TV news about this horrible event.
IV. Communication Track
a) Some people claim that nowadays we are too dependent on electric and electronic gadgets and machines. How much true is it about you? Use the words and phrases below.
• to promote scientific progress;
• to relax;
• to brighten one’s life;
• to get in contact with;
• to get skills necessary in the information age;
• to live one’s life through the Internet;
• labour-saving devices;
• to rely on technology too much;
• to require creativity are initiative;
• to rule your own life.
b) In pairs, look at the pictures in comparison. Choose one of them and complete the dialogue.
A: I’d like to make a comparison between...
B: I think there’s no analogy between them.
A: Oh, don’t speak too soon.
c) I n the whole, class discuss pros and cons of a High-Tech life. Fill in the table with your ideas and comment on them.
a) Before you listen
You are going to listen to three people speaking about pieces of technology they can’t live without.
• Brainstorm with your classmates and say what pieces of technology the people will speak about. Prove your points of view.
b) While you listen
Listen and correct the mistakes in the statements given below.
1. Alison designed her own website but can’t get the information she needs.
2. The girl uses her computer as encyclopedia or a reference book.
3. Alison’s elder sister approves of computers.
4. Computers help to see your friends.
5. A car is a luxury for John.
6. John’s sister thinks that there are a few cars in our city.
7. John’s sister believes that cars are useful and very important.
8. Ann has two mobile phones at home.
9. The girl’s mother also enjoys using a cordless phone because with it she’ll never get lost.
10. Ann believes her mum who says that mobile phones can do people harm.
c) After you listen
In groups, think and decide if the students’ relatives are right or wrong in their opinion about pieces of technology mentioned. What piece of technology can’t you live without?
At the end of the unit design a time-line for an outstanding scientist.
1. Choose one of the scientists you want your friends to know about.
2. Find some interesting information about different periods of the scientist’s life.
3. Focus on his / her scientific interests, main publications, discoveries.
4. Collect photos, pictures and other illustrative materials and provide solid commentaries on them.
5. Think of an interesting format of your time-line and its presentation.
6. Listen to your friends’ presentations and give your feedback in writing. Use the evaluation card below.
2. If the information is interesting.
3. If the illustrative material is essential and useful.
4. If there is much unknown information for you.
5. If the format of the time-line and the presentation is good.
At Home: Search the Internet and make a culture comparison.
1) Find more information about science fiction which has become a reality or may become one in the future.
2) Compare how your findings are realized in different countries including your native country Ukraine.