Підручник Англійська мова 9 клас для спеціалізованих шкіл з поглибленим вивченням англійської мови - Л.В. Калініна - Генеза 2017 рік

Unit 4 Science and technology

4.5. Your Test Pack

A. Use of English

1. Fill in the sentences with the correct forms of the words.

1. We can’t imagine our life without new... advances

TECHNOLOGY

which have changed it completely.

2. Many ... scientists participate in the ... life of their countries.

PROMISE

3. Isaak Newton was characterized as an ... genius.

INVENTION

4. Borys Paton ... much to the development of his

CONTRIBUTION

father’s theory of electric arc welding.

5. Albert Einstein is known far and wide for his scientific ...

CREATE

6. After the Chernobyl disaster in 1986 many people left the... area.

CONTAMINATE

7. All newspapers wrote about the ... oil release in the Gulf of Mexico.

ACCIDENT

8. After the explosion the whole place was ... irradiated.

STRENGTH

9. A mobile phone is not a luxury, it’s a bare... .

NECESSITY

10. A computer is not only for...

ENTERTAIN

2. Insert correct prepositions where necessary.

1. I don’t object _________your making experiments.

2. Young people participated _________ the competition for promising scientists.

3. Ukrainian scientists succeeded _________ designing electric welding me thods.

4. I approve ___________ carrying out scientific experiments at school.

5. My teacher insists ____________ my continuing scientific research in the field of chemistry.

6. My friend dreams ________ becoming a great physicist.

7. Stephen Hawking is interested _________ studying the Universe.

8. My teacher suggested ___________ discussing the results of the research.

9. My little brother is fond _________ playing computer games.

10. We all enjoyed ________ listening to the lecture of an inventive genius.

B. Listening

Listen to the text and correct a mistake in each statement.

1. The Pulitzer Prize is a British award for achievements in newspaper and online journalism and literature.

2. Joseph Pulitzer is an Armenian-American.

3. It was first established in Washington DC.

4. Prizes are awarded once in 2 years.

5. 24 categories may be nominated for a prize.

6. Works can only be entered into a maximum of three prize categories.

7. The prizes are announced each February.

8. The winners of the prize are chosen by a special board from every University.

9. A famous poet Robert Frost won the prize five times.

10. The first Pulitzer Prize was awarded in June 4, 1927.

C. Reading

Read the text below. For questions (1-10) choose the correct answer (A,B,C,D).

There is an example at the beginning.

Charles Robert Darwin was an English C (0) who established that all ... (1) of life have descended over time from common ancestors, and proposed the scientific theory that this branching pattern of evolution ... (2) from a process that he called natural ... (3). He published his theory in 1859 and the scientific community and much of the general public came to... (4) evolution as a fact in his lifetime». But it was not until the... (5) of the modern evolutionary synthesis from the 1930s to the 1950s that a broad consensus developed that the natural selection was the basic mechanism of evolution. In modified form, Darwin’s scientific discovery is the unifying theory of the life sciences» ... (6) the diversity of life.

Studies at University of Cambridge ... (7) his passion for natural science. His five-year voyage on HMS Beagle established him as an ... (8) geologist whose observations and theories... (9) Charles Lyell’s uniformitarian ideas, and publication of his journal of the voyage... (10) famous as a popular author.

In recognition of Darwin’s pre-eminence as a scientist, he was one of only five 19th century UK non-royal personages to be honoured by a state funeral, and was buried in Westminster Abbey.

A

B

C

D

0

chemist

physicist

naturalist

pholosopher

1

species

kinds

modes

differences

2

began

ended

came

born

3

loss

choice

evolution

selection

4

to accept

to deny

to criticise

to ban

5

emergence

opening

discovery

testing

6

changing

explaining

writing

covering

7

improved

neglected

encouraged

described

8

famous

respected

sufficient

eminent

9

have supported

had supported

supported

support

10

let

made

brought

gave

D. Writing

Write a speech about your favourite technological piece.






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