Підручник Англійська мова 9 клас для спеціалізованих шкіл з поглибленим вивченням англійської мови - Л.В. Калініна - Генеза 2017 рік
Unit 5 Youth culture
5.1. At Your Leisure
• to rave;
• to dampen the enthusiasm;
• to strive for something;
• to stimulate senses;
• to let oneself go;
• to enjoy reputation for something;
• to be enthralled by something /somebody;
• to jump at the opportunity;
• to broaden one’s musical horizons;
• to do something for the joy of it.
• …every now and then;
• Whenever …
I. Go Ahead!
Look at the photos and say how teenagers enjoy these activities. Which of them is your leisure time activity?
Example: I believe the teenagers in the first photo enjoy social networking.
Definitely, they are good at virtual communication and know much about netiquette.
Read what these teenagers wrote about their leisure time activities for a youth magazine and say if they have similar preferences.
When I’m feeling a bit stressed out, I turn to my leisure time activity which is a fantastic release and makes me free and happy. It’s dancing. It’s a great way not only to build my physical activity into life, but also to stimulate my senses.
I was at first sceptical about dancing, but my friend, who came from Cuba, was raving about it and it was he who persuaded me to go to Rumba club. When I came there, I couldn’t believe the energy and vitality of the place - it was magic! And the dance itself was so intoxicating! There was no ‘right’ way of doing it, you just dance for the joy of it. I’m not a confident dancer, but it has become my favourite leisure time activity. I delight in the music and let myself go. Now I understand why people rave about dancing.
Besides, it’s a chance to meet new people. I believe people of all ages and walks of life should try dancing. Throughout history people have expressed themselves through dance in rituals and ceremonies, on social occasions with friends and family …
Sally Harrison, the USA
* * *
I think there isn’t much spare time in my life for leisure activities. But there is something I can’t do without - it’s music. Luckily, I live in Lviv, which has enjoyed a reputation for a quality music scene for ages. My friend Bob and I are like-minded people and we jump at every opportunity when it comes to a music concert or a jazz festival. I love modern music and musicians, because they try to broaden our musical horizons to get us away from what we hear on the radio or TV every day and experience the latest styles in world music. The concerts are often given in a multitude of languages and we sometimes don’t understand every word, but it doesn’t dampen our enthusiasm. I have the time of my life, dancing and singing along to the music with lots of other teenagers.
Tamila Voitenko, Ukraine
* * *
Nowadays clubbing is one of the most popular forms of socialising and leisure-time activities for young people in my country. Hundreds of clubs sprang up in all parts of Australia, uniting teenagers with the same interests and performers. Photography clubs, driving clubs, technology clubs, even pottery clubs become extremely popular with teenagers. I find pleasure and relaxation in riding because I live on a farm in the desert part of Australia. So I have a perfect possibility to master riding skills. Whenever I have a spare moment, I go to my club to meet “the Star” - my favourite horse and friend at the same time. The Star can unmistakably sense my mood and react to it. I love to talk to him and at times I think he understands what I say. Horses are very clever animals and they learn quickly, far better than some of us.
With my horse, we can cover quite long distances already! Every ride brings me lots of admiration and excitement. Not for the world will I give up this leisure time activity!
Sarah Briggs, Australia
* * *
My mum keeps saying: “Business before pleasure”, reminding me of my school. But I never forget about things that I can do at leisure like computing, reading, watching videos, things like that. Yet, I guess there are other delights to experience. That’s why I go to the theme park every weekend. The park is based on one subject - water travel and water sports are my favourite. I find the sport activities de signed for teenagers like boating or swimming, racing, sailing and playing water polo. Last weekend I was in third position in the swimming race. If I stay in third this time, I’ll win the title! But it’s not the title I’m striving for. The feeling of togetherness is much stronger. A team, like a family, unites its members and we become as one whole. I’m absolutely enthralled with the water sport activities because they get off to a good start when another school week begins.
Eric Fletcher, Canada
Rumba - a popular dance originally from Cuba.
Theme park - a type of park where you can have fun riding on big machines such as roller coaster, and where the whole park is based on one subject.
Water polo - a game played by two teams of swimmers with a ball. The history of water polo as a team sport began in mid-nineteenth century England and Scotland where water sports were a feature of country fairs and festivals.
III. Language Track
1. In the text, find and reproduce the words with the sounds /w/ and /v/ in their contexts. Practise saying them in your own sentences.
Example: When I came there, I couldn’t believe the energy and vitality of the place - it was magic!
1. Study the difference in meaning. From the text, reproduce the words in context and interpret their meaning. Make up sentences by analogy with them.
release - freedom to show or express your feelings.
relaxation - a way of resting and enjoying yourself.
Example: Playing a musical instrument can be a form of emotional release.
Example: I listen to music for relaxation.
ceremony - an important formal social event.
ritual - a ceremony that is always performed in the same way.
Example: The opening ceremony of the Olympic Games was absolutely breathtaking.
Example: People mark an important social occasion with rituals.
2. Match the word-combinations with their definitions and reproduce the sentences with them from the text. Use them in your own context.
Example: Now I understand why people rave about dancing.
3. Complete and expand the sentences with the correct context information from the text.
Example: Sally was at first sceptical about dancing because she was not a confident dancer. I think I know what she meant as I felt almost the same when I first came to my dancing club.
1. When Sally is feeling a bit stressed out, she turns to …
2. Now Sally understands why people rave about dancing. …
3. There is something Tamila can’t do without …
4. Nowadays clubbing is one of the most popular forms of socialising because.
5. Not for the world will Sarah give up horse riding as …
6. Eric goes to the theme park every weekend …
7. He is absolutely enthralled with the water sport activities because …
1. From the text, reproduce the grammar constructions in bold and interpret their meanings.
2. Complete the instructions given and illustrate them with your own examples.
Defining relative clauses describe exactly which person or thing… Non-defining relative clauses do not describe exactly who or what we mean. Instead they give us extra information…
3. Look at the portraits of teenagers who wrote about their leisure time activities (p. 149-150 of your textbook) and give extra information about them using non-defining relative clauses.
IV. Communication Track
a) Look at the pictures (p. 153) and describe the teenagers’ leisure activities, using the words and word-combinations given.
• at one’s leisure;
• to jump at the opportunity;
• a walk of life;
• to rave about something;
• to be enthralled with something;
• to broaden one’s musical horizons;
• to do something for the joy of it;
• to stimulate senses.
• multitude of languages;
• to break down language barriers;
• to enjoy reputation for something.
• to swap something with somebody.
b) In pairs, ask and answer the what-questions about your leisure time.
1. What do you like to do at your leisure?
2. What can you rave about?
3. What do you do when you feel stressed out?
4. What leisure time activity can stimulate your senses?
5. What leisure time activity are you skeptical about?
6. What can give you a fantastic release?
c) In the whole group, unquote the famous quotes.
a) Before you listen
You are going to listen to Olena, a Ukrainian girl, talking about her clubbing experience. Look at the picture and try to predict 3-5 questions to which you could possibly get answers from her story.
b) While you listen
Listen to the story and correct the mistakes.
1. Olena is a member of the school bakery club.
2. She is skeptical about her cookery talents.
3. The club specializes in Ukrainian dishes.
4. The club members keep the recipes secret.
5. The club members treat the whole school to something delicious.
6. Individualism is one of the club’s values.
c) After you listen
In the whole class, share your clubbing experience.
a) Before you write
If you want to collect information from individuals about themselves, for example, about their leisure, design a questionnaire.
• Among the types of information that can be collected by means of a questionnaire are facts, opinions, activities, attitudes, and expectations.
• Brainstorm with your friends what questions you would like to ask teenagers about their leisure time activities.
• Make a list of words/phrases you can use to keep your questions as simple as possible.
b) While you write
How to Write Questions for a Questionnaire
1) Closed questions (followed by choices)
• How often do you …?
• Please circle one answer only.
• Never.1 or 2 times a week … 3 or 4 times a week … Nearly every day …
2) Open-ended questions (not followed by choices)
• What are your favourite …?
• What do you like …?
• Please specify …
3) Contingency questions (applying only to a subgroup of respondents)
• Answer the final set of questions only if you plan on …
• Otherwise, skip to question 5.
• Otherwise, you have now completed the questionnaire.
At Home: In your WB, write 5-7 questions for a questionnaire on teenagers’ leisure time activities.