Матеріали для Нової української школи 1 клас - планування, розробки уроків, дидактичні та методичні матеріали, підручники та зошити

Підручник Англійська мова 9 клас для спеціалізованих шкіл з поглибленим вивченням англійської мови - Л.В. Калініна - Генеза 2017 рік

Unit 5 Youth culture

5.3. Youth Subcultures

Word Bank

Phrase Bank

Communication Box

• conformity;

• ethnicity;

• dominant

• distinguishable;

• peer group;

• iconic;

• corduroy;

• creed.

• to be important in relation to something;

• to be attached to something;

• to be neatly groomed;

• mismatched patterns;

• to show off;

• to dress up;

• to rebel against something;

• to be far beyond one’s means.

• According to ...;

• Indeed, ...

• To illustrate this, ...

• Not any more...

• That’s about it...

I. Go Ahead!

Read the beginning of a youth subculture definition and complete it with one of their features suggested in the list. Prove your point of view.

“A youth subculture is a youth-based subculture with distinct ...”

• fashions

• behaviours

• interests

• beliefs

• music genres

• dialects

• styles

• vehicles

Example: A youth culture is a youth-based subculture with distinct interests, often in music.

II. Reading

Read the article “Some TOP Youth Subcultures” and say what makes them visible to an outsider.

Some TOP Youth Subcultures

According to subculture theorists such as Dick Hebdige, youth subcultures offer participants an identity outside of that ascribed by social institutions such as family, work, home and school. Socioeconomic class, gender, intelligence, conformity and ethnicity can be important in relation to youth subcultures.

The study of subcultures often consists of the study of the symbolism attached to clothing, music, other visible affections by members of the subculture and also the ways in which these same symbols are interpreted by members of the dominant culture. To illustrate this, let’s have a closer look at some of famous subcultures.

One of the most iconic looks of all time would have to be that of the hippy. Immortalized by The Beatles, Twiggy, and anyone that went to Woodstock, this look was all about color, flower power and corduroys.

In an extreme reaction to the other popular, neatly groomed and tidy style of the time - mods - the punk look aimed to shock by combining mismatched patterns, ‘work’ boots, ripped denim and lots and lots of safety pins. Combine with a brightly-colored, starched mohawk and a bad attitude, and there you have one of the most infamous subcultures of all time.

The emergence of rap music saw young people’s jeans get baggier and baggier. The Gangsta look is still going strong, with clothing lines such as FUBU and Rocawear feeding the need to wear all things ‘street’, and icons such as 50 Cent and Jay-Z carrying on the walk-with-a-limp, show- off-boxers, plaster-on-the-face look like it’ll never go out of fashion.

In the early sixties, rockers were the rougher, dirtier version of Greasers, but the antithesis to hippies. To be part of this club, you need a mean-looking motorbike, long hair, tattoos and a curled lip. Indeed, this was the era where the Hell’s Angels were born - a subculture still going strong today, with all ages and creeds welcome.

The nineties brought us new-wave rave, complete with neon trousers and shell-suits, which people soon realized was a stupid look. However, it also brought us Kurt Cobain, and with that, a look that was adopted by millions of people for years following. Long, lank hair, knitted jumpers with holes in and scruffy jeans became the uniform of choice for grunge-lovers.

As you see, youth subcultures were often defined or distinguishable by elements. Mods, punks, metallers, goths, hippies: there was a time when young people made it clear what tribe and music they were into by the way they dressed. Not any more. In 2016, however, the only real cults visible to an outsider, seem to be metalheads and emos. That’s about it.

Across Cultures

The Beatles - a British popular music group.

Twiggy (1949 - ) a British model, who was the most famous in the 1960s and who also acted in several films. She was known for being extremely thin and for wearing miniskirts.

Cobain, Kurt (1967-94) a US singer and song writer with the group Nirvana, who developed a new style of rock music called Grunge.

Hell’s Angel - a member of a group of badly behaved and sometimes violent young people who wear black clothes and ride motorbikes.

The British Teddy Boy (especially in the 1950s) - a young man dressed in a style similar to that of the early 20th century, usually wearing a long loose jacket, narrow trousers and thick soft shoes.

Woodstock - a popular music festival in the town of Woodstock near New York in 1969 which attracted thousands of young people. It represented the hippy movement.

III. Language Track

In the text, find and reproduce the words with the sounds /ʌ/ and /a:/ in their contexts. Practise saying them in your own sentences.

Example: subcultures / ʌ /

Youth subcultures offer participants an identity outside of that ascribed by social institutions such as family, work, home and school.

1. Study the difference in meanings. In the text above, find and reproduce the sentences with them in context and make up your sentences by analogy.

famous - known or recognized by many people

infamous - famous for being bad

Example: New York is a city famous for its shops and theatres.

Example: The area became infamous for its slums.

2. Read the text again and fill in the chart for the following organizations. Express your opinion on them.













Example: The emergence of rap music saw young people’s jeans get baggier and baggier. I think they have gone out of fashion by now.

3. Answer the following questions.

1. What organizations or subcultures of English speaking countries can be found in Ukraine?

2. What youth organizations exist in your home place? Can you characterize them?

1. From the article, reproduce the grammar items in bold and interpret their meanings in context.

2. Complete the instruction and illustrate it with your own examples.

If you want to make a relative clause shorter, use...

For example: The study of subcultures often consists of the study of the symbolism attached to clothing, music,etc.

You can use the -ed form of a participle if...

You can use the -ing form of a participle if...

3. Interview your friends about their attitude to youth organizations and subcultures and say if you are similar or different in such points:

• the aims and beliefs of the groups;

• the activities of the groups;

• the influence of the groups on other teens.

Example: I prefer to be a member of a scouting organization as it has clear aims set and activities planned. Importantly, there is hardly any symbolism attached to clothing or music.

IV. Communication Track


a) Suppose you are given the floor at the conference on youth subcultures. What arguments for and against youth subcultures will you give? The following phrases may be helpful.

• According to...

• To be part of this club, you need ...

• On the plus side, ...

• On the minus side, ...

• To illustrate this, ....

• Indeed, ...

• As you see, ...

b) In pairs, look at the photo. Identify yourselves with the characters and role-play the dialogue which may take place between the two people. Use the beginning given.

- Well, Andrew, last time I heard you said you were in two minds about your choice of a youth subculture. Now I can see that indecision is not your problem anymore, right?

- Yes, I have decided to join...

c) In groups, read the quotes about self-expression and choose the best suited in relation to youth subcultures. Give reasons for your choice.


a) Before you listen

You are going to listen to a range of opinions on youth organizations and subcultures. In groups, try to predict how these opinions may differ.

b) While you listen

Listen to three opinions about youth organizations and subcultures and say whom each may belong to:

• a politician;

• a teacher;

• a psychologist.

Say which arguments you agree or disagree with.

c) After you listen

In the whole group, explain your point of view on youth organizations and subcultures.

Illustrate your ideas with examples.

Writing: Project

At the end of the unit, design a poster “Youth Subcultures in Ukraine”.

Your steps:

• Make a list of youth subcultures in Ukraine that you are aware of.

• Explore their ways of self-expression.

• Collect photos, pictures, quotes and other illustrative materials to support your ideas.

• Find interesting information about any representative of a youth subculture.

• Think of an interesting format for your poster presentation.

Listen to your friends’ presentations and give your feedback in writing. Use the evaluation card below.

Evaluation Card


Group 1

Group 2

Group 3

If the subcultures presented are typical of your age group.

If the tips of joining a subculture are really effective.

If the illustrative material is essential.

If a presented subculture is really interesting.

At Home: Search the Internet and find information about cyber trends in youth subcultures and compare them with those of your country.


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