Підручник Англійська мова 9 клас для спеціалізованих шкіл з поглибленим вивченням англійської мови - Л.В. Калініна - Генеза 2017 рік
Unit 7 Your English-speaking world
7.1. Going International
• time zone;
• prairie land;
• mountain range.
• in pursuit of one’s dream;
• on somebody’s own admission;
• to have an impact on somebody/ something;
• to shape the tradition of something;
• to venture into something;
• to have extremes;
• to acquire new territories;
• to acquire new territories;
• to be on the move.
• Not surprisingly ...
• Under the circumstances
• In my experience ...
I. Go Ahead!
In groups, read the quotes about going international and illustrate them with your own life experience.
Example: I can’t but agree with Gustave Flaubert’s words. In my experience, going international, above all, makes one understand that one is neither worse nor better than others.
Read how citizens of different countries describe their lands and say what information may be especially important for international visitors.
Note Bene1 for International Visitors
We live on a very small island with a mild climate. Severe winter frosts are very rare and we do not normally suffer from heat, drought or flooding. Due to this ideal climate we have a rich, fertile countryside which is famous for its deep green colour. We have a passion for lawns of grass which stay green throughout the year and we also like to grow flowers. About 44 percent of the population don’t mind spending time gardening.
You probably know that no place in Britain is more than 75 miles away from the sea. Not surprisingly, nobody in Britain lives more than one hundred and twenty kilometers from the sea, that’s why people go for their holidays or just on a day trip to the seaside. By the way, it was the British who started the fashion for seaside holidays and made an extremely popular British tour to Brighton with its Royal Pavilion. Besides, fishing has always been an important industry and thanks to that fact, fish and other seafood are very popular in Britain.
I think that the physical geography can also explain the British love of compromise, because the land and climate in Britain don’t have extremes. Britain has mountains, but none of them are very high, it also has flat land, but you can’t travel far without seeing hills. It has no big rivers and it has no active volcanoes. This may or may not be true but it does have an impact on the British.
Alison Drane, Great Britain
* * *
My country covers 4,500 kilometres from one ocean on the east to another one on the West. Three quarters of the country is washed by ocean, therefore millions of Americans participate in their favourite water sports, such as swimming, surfing, sailing and water-skiing. The USA is a land of physical contrasts. People live within four time zones. Practically every climate of the world is represented. The Southern part of the country has warm temperatures year round. Because of this, fresh grapefruits, oranges, lemons, melons, cherries and peaches are grown there. Low-cost, high-quality fruits and vegetables are available any time of the year and Americans love to provide their countrymen and guests with them.
The land varies from heavy forests to large deserts, from high mountains to deep canyons. No wonder, that Americans, especially those who prefer various landscapes, can easily spend interesting vacations within the country: going over mountain ranges including the Grand Canyon, crossing different rivers, spending days on the vast, flat prairie lands. We call such travellers risk-takers but it is their choice and they don’t mind. Those who live in the cold Northern parts, have to be tough and self-reliant because sometimes they face some freaks of nature which need solutions. Under these circumstances people learn to experiment with new inventions like snowmobiles and new ways of doing things. This willingness to experiment led to a great American trait, a sense of optimism that every problem has a solution.
Bob Farrison, the USA
1 nota bene (a Latin phrase meaning mark well) — used to call attention to something important
Since the territories of the USA are great, people acquire them, moving from east to west, that’s why we are always on the move.
* * *
I’m from Australia, which is the world’s largest island and its smallest continent to the south of the equator. As a result, most of the continent is sunny most of the year. On the one hand, it gives the country severe droughts and people suffer from limited fresh water. Besides too much sun exposure has also an impact on Australians, who suffer one of the world’s highest rates of the skin cancer. But on the other hand, such hot weather is favourable for Australian flora which boasts of many kinds of eucalyptus, acacia, palm shrubs and exotic flowers. There are many national parks and botanic gardens and people proudly take care of them. Since Australia is cut off from the rest of the word, the island’s wild life is also unique. Australians carefully preserve marsupials, including koalas, kangaroos, the strangest animals like the platypus and the echidna, large flightless birds - the emus and the cassowary. There are many volunteers who help to protect wild life in the parks like the Kakadu national park or the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park.
Tourists frequent these places and that’s why being prompt in Australia is important. Australians are friendly and attentive and can show foreigners all the wonders of their country.
Clara Thompson, Australia
Across Cultures: Great Britain, The USA, Australia
Brighton - a large town on the South Coast of England, which has been a popular place for holidays since the 18th century.
The Royal Pavilion - a large building with an unusual oriental design in Brighton.
Alaska - the largest state in the US which is north-west of Canada an known for being very cold.
The Grand Canyon - one of the wonders of America in the US state of Arizona. The Canyon was created by the Colorado River and is about 1 mile long and 4-18 miles wide.
The National Kakadu Park - the largest national park in Australia.
The Barrier Reef - the largest coral reef in the world, off the northeastern coast of Australia. It is about 2000 kilometres long.
III. Language Track
1. In the text above, find and read out the geographical names with correct stress. Practise saying the sentences with them to your friend.
1. Study the difference in meaning. In the text ‘Tips for Foreigners”, find the sentences with these words and interpret their meanings. Make up your own sentences by analogy.
favourite (adj.) — your favourite person or thing is the one that you like the most.
favourable (adj.) — suitable and likely to make something happen or succeed.
Example: What’s your favourite water sport?
Example: Hot weather is favourable for Australian flora.
2. In the text above, find the words and phrases which describe unique features of the countries mentioned. Interpret their meanings in context and say if you find them useful.
Example: No place in Britain is more than 75 miles from the sea. No wonder that made the British nation a sea-loving one.
3. Imagine you’ve met Alison / Bob / Clare. Ask her // him questions about their home countries. Role-play the dialogue following the pattern below.
You: Hello, ... . ... recently, haven’t you?
Alison/Bob/Clare: Yes, I took ... and ... .
You: What have ... yet?
Alison/Bob/Clare: My first destination was Besides, I have already ... .
You: What about ... ?
Alison/Bob/Clare: ... has a charm of its own. It is ... .
You: How about ... ?
Alison/Bob/Clare: If I have a chance, I’ll find myself ... and ... . But I don’t mind ... .
You: What are you planning ... , to finish with?
Alison/Bob/Clare: ... , of course. It is only ... . I can’t wait to see ... .
You: Have a ... trip!
Alison/Bob/Clare: Don’t worry, I will.
1. From the text “Nota Bene for International Visitors”, read out the sentences with the verb mind and interpret their meaning in context.
Complete the instructions:
If you want to say that you are willing to do something, use...
This verb can be followed by...
2. Match the beginnings and the endings of the sentences. Use them in context.
Example: Mind your head. This is a very small door.
3. Look at the photos in the “Across Cultures” section and say which place(s) you wouldn’t mind visiting in summer. Give your reasons.
Example: I wouldn’t mind visiting Brighton in summer as it is a large town on the South Coast of England, which has been a popular place for holidays since the 18th century.
IV. Communication Track
a) Look at the pictures and say what English-speaking countries they may be typical of. What attracts you most?
b) Suppose you are talking to a international E-pal over the Internet about his / her country. In pairs, role-play the dialogue using the scheme below.
c) In groups, discuss the truth of the following statement:
“One who goes far, knows much.”
ü If you ask me
ü Another reason for ... is
ü As I see it
ü You can’t ignore the fact that
ü Thanks to (the fact that )...;
ü As a result
a) Before you listen
You are going to listen to the story “In Pursuit of His Dreams”. Write three questions you want to get answers to from the story.
b) While you listen
Listen to the story and fill in the gaps in the following sentences.
1. Robert Louis Stevenson was a well-known ... .
2. His father was an engineer.
3. Stevenson’s ambition was to become a ... .
4. He started his writing career as a ... .
5. Robert met his future wife in ... .
6. She was an ... .
7. They visited America ... .
8. Stevenson made a voyage to the ... Seas.
9. Treasure ... is among his most famous books.
10. There are a lot of ... of his works all over the world.
c) After you listen
Say what impact Stevenson’s travelling had on the writer’s identity.
a) Before you write
If you want to give an international visitor a piece of advice to avoid a cultural shock in a definite country, write a cultural tip.
• Brainstorm with your friends and say what you’ll pay attention to while writing a cultural tip for an international visitor to Great Britain.
• Make a list of words and phrases you’ll use to write a cultural tip.
b) While you write
Follow the format of writing a cultural tip.
How to Write a Cultural Tip
• Give a title to a cultural tip.
• Decide on the cultural points that may cause misunderstanding.
• Formulate each point briefly.
• Conclude your tips with hopes for a nice travelling.
• Give a tip attributable to the mentioned cultural point.
• Remember that ...
• Never ...
• Don’t forget ...
• Try to avoid ...
• Be ...
• See if ...
• So ...
• ... is / are (in) advisable.
At Home: In your W/B, write a cultural tip for an international visitor to the USA or Australia.