Підручник Англійська мова 9 клас для спеціалізованих шкіл з поглибленим вивченням англійської мови - Л.В. Калініна - Генеза 2017 рік
Unit 7 Your English-speaking world
7.2. Britain at Its Most Picturesque
• to embrace;
• network ;
• The former..., the latter...
• .leaves no doubt that
I. Go Ahead!
Look at the photos and say which of these sights can be found in England and what they are famous for.
The Empire State Building
The Eiffel Tower
King’s College, Cambridge
The Opera House, Sydney
Shakespeare’s Birthplace, Stratford-upon-Avon
Example: Buckingham Palace is situated in London, and it is famous for being the royal residence in the British capital. The ceremony of the Changing of the Guard takes place in front of it daily at eleven o’clock in the morning.
Read the comments made by the professional photographer Joe Harris to his photos of different parts of England and match the pictures to the paragraphs.
1. Each one of England’s counties has its own special flavour. This comes from England’s landscape, its resources and its history. There has always been something of a divide between the industrial North and the wealthier South. Every region is full of stately views, and there is a rich variety of scenery to be found in every corner of this green country.
2. The Downs and Channel Coast embrace Hampshire, Surrey, East Sussex, West Sussex and Kent. This is “The Garden” of England, green and rural, with rolling Downs. It is ideal for walking: There is a network of longdistance paths through the North Downs and the South Downs. For shorter walks, this south-eastern corner of the country is full of signposts showing public footpaths across common or private land. Some signs have an acorn symbol and a yellow arrow marking public footpaths. They appear on posts, trees, and stiles.
3. The liveliest resort on the southern coast in Brighton. It is known as “London-on-Sea”, with its famous must-sees - Palace Pier and Royal Pavilion. The former, built in 1899put into the sea, with small buildings on it where people eat and amuse themselves. The latter is the Prince Regent’s fantastic Oriental palace. If you look at its photo you will see Brighton’s principal attraction today. Opposite the Royal Pavilion is Brighton Dome, an Indian-style building that once used to be George IV’s stables and now is a major arts scene.
4. In the West County you can find Europe’s most famous prehistoric monument, Stonehenge. It’s a group of very large, tall stones arranged in circles. Stonehenge was built in several stages from about 3000 BC. We can only guess at the rituals that took place here, but the position of the stones leaves no doubt that the circle is connected with the sun and the passing of the seasons, and that its builders had a deep understanding of both arithmetic and astronomy. Despite popular belief, the circle was not built by the Druids, before the Christian religion, - more than 1,000 years after Stonehenge was completed. Anyway, Stonehenge is a popular tourist attraction. Particularly large groups of people come every year on Midsummer Day to celebrate the Summer solstice.
5. As you move away from London, you soon reach the countryside immor-tilized by the landscape painter John Constable - East Anglia. East Anglia is home to one of Britain’s universities: Cambridge.
Its name comes from the Angles, the people from Northern Germany who settled here during the 5th and 6th centuries. In modern times, the area has become an important centre, and today East Anglia grows about a third of Britain’s vegetables.
Its town life, though, dominates the region as East Anglia is home to one of Britain’s top universities: Cambridge. Cambridge University has
31 colleges, the oldest being Peterhouse (1284!) and the newest being Robinson (1979). The college buildings are generally grouped around squares and offer a superb mix of over 600 years of architecture. This is the photo of King’s College Chapel I took while I was punting on the River Cam. Work on the chapel took 70 years to complete. Henry VI, who founded King’s College in 1441, gave specific instructions about its size: 88m long, 12m wide and 29m high. He also decided that a choir should sing daily at services there. And you know what? This still happens in term time!
6. When going North, you can’t miss the city of York, where Roman and Viking relics exist side by side. York is second only to London in the number of visitors that tread its streets. Indeed, walking into its centre is like entering a living museum. The glory of York is the minster (By the way, the word “minster” means a church served by monks). It was begun in 1220 and completed 250 years later. Now York Minster houses the largest collection of medieval stained glass in Britain. Jorvik, the Viking City, is built on the site of the original Viking settlement uncovered by archeologists. It is most famous for recreating the lifestyle of the Viking world of the 10th century. Interestingly, York’s tiniest street has the city’s longest name - “Whip-ma-whop-ma-gate” - which dates from Saxon times and means “neither one thing nor the other”.
Across Cultures: Great Britain
Hampshire, Surrey, East Sussex, West Sussex, Kent - counties of South England.
The Prince Regent - the son of George III of Britain who acted as king from 1811 to 1820 because his father was mad. The Prince Regent later became King George IV.
The Druids - ancient Celtic religious group that flourished in Britain around 250 BC.
Constable, John (1776-1836) - an English painter known especially for his paintings and drawings of East Anglian scenery. His landscape “The Haywain” is one of the most famous British paintings.
Henry VI (1421-1471) - an English king. During his rule there was great dissatisfaction with the government. This led to the Wars of the Roses, in which Henry was finally murdered.
Viking - a man belonging to a race of Scandinavian people who attacked, and sometimes settled along, the coasts of Great Britain from the 8th to the 10th century. The Vikings are known for their skill in building ships and their sense of adventure.
Saxon times - the time period in the 5th century when Saxons, members of the German group, came to live in England.
III. Language Track
1. In the text above, find and read out dates with correct stress. Practise saying the sentences with them to your friend.
1. Study the difference in meaning. In the text ‘England at its Most Picturesque”, find the sentences with these words and interpret their meanings. Make up your own sentences by analogy.
country (n) -
1. an area of land that is a nation.
county (n) -
(in Britain) a unit of local Government in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland.
Example: Ukraine is my native country.
2. the land outside cities or towns.
Example: There are 46
Counties in England and 6 in Wales.
Example: We are going to have a day in the country tomorrow.
eastern - belonging to the eastern part of the world or of a country.
oriental - (formal) from the eastern part of the world.
Example: The Royal Pavilion is a fantastic oriental palace.
Example: Eastern regions will have heavy rain today.
2. Choose the right word from above to complete these sentences.
1. Susan has a strong interest in ... culture.
2. The Lake District is good walking ... .
3. Hampshire is a ... of south England, bordering on the English Channel.
4. The ... sky was just turning pink.
5. Ann is a typical ... girl.
6. Ukraine became a fully independent ... in 1991.
3. In pairs, discuss which part of England is characterized in the following way.
“The Garden of England”
home to one of Britain’s universities
a popular tourist attraction especially on Midsummer Day
a living museum
1. In the text above, find the sentence with the conjunction neither...nor... and interpret its meaning in context.
Complete the instructions:
If you want to make a negative statement about two people or things at the same time, use...
Neither goes before ...
2. Choose the correct pair (either...or... and neither...nor...).
1. In this situation, you can ... win ... lose. It totally depends on you.
2. I just suggested it, that’s all. You ... take it ... leave it.
3. The mother believed ... her son ... his classmate. She could see from their faces that it wasn’t a true story.
4. I never have ... tea ... coffee after dinner.
5. Have you ever been ... to Wales ...Scotland?
6. I can’t use ... this computer ... that one. They both need fixing.
3. In pairs, discuss what historical facts about England given above are the teresting to you? Why? Introduce a choice between two facts.
• I would choose either... or ....
• It’s a well-known fact that neither of... .
• Interestingly, neither ... nor ... .
IV. Communication Track
a) Act as Joe Harris and comment on your photos of different parts of England. Use the picture and the word-list below.
• to be full of stately views;
• to be ideal for something;
• to be second only to something;
• to date from (time);
• to leave no doubt;
• to dominate something.
b) In pairs, role-play an interview of Joe Harris about his impressions of England, as in the pattern below.
A. I say, Joe, what is the most picturesque ...?
B. I think each one of ... has its own ... . This comes from ... . .
A. Is there much difference between ...?
B. There has always been ... ,but every ... is full of ... and there is a rich variety of ... .
A. What area is called ...?
B. ... , of course. It is ideal for ... . There is a network of ... .
A. I see. And what town is known as ... , I wonder?
B. ... , with its famous ... .
A. And why is ... considered a popular tourist attraction?
B. It is Europe’s most ... . It is connected with ... large groups of people come ... to celebrate ... .
A. How interestingly! And am I right to believe that ... is second only to ... ?
B. Absolutely! Indeed, ... is like...... leaves no doubt that ... .
A. And what about ... ?
B. ... is home to ... . It has ... . And you know what? This still happens in ... ! A. Incredible!
c) In the whole group, dispute over the message of the poem “The Glory of the Garden”. Say what parts of the British Isles it describes.
The Glory of the Garden
Our England is a garden that is full of stately views,
Of borders, beds and shrubberies and lawns and avenues,
With statues on the terraces and peacocks strutting by;
But the glory of the Garden lies in more than meets the eye...
Our England is a garden, and such gardens are not made By singing: “Oh, how beautiful!” and sitting in the shade,
While better men than we go out and start their working lives At grubbing weeds from gravel-paths with broken dinner-knives...
a) Before you listen
You are going to listen to the story “On a Boat Trip”. Write 3-5 possible features that might make such a trip unforgettable.
b) While you listen
Listen to the story and choose the correct option to complete these sentences.
1. The tourists stopped at ... .
2. The place was ... .
a) at the seaside;
b) in the mountains;
c) on the bank;
d) in town.
3. The tourists decided to cook ... .
4. The dish was NOT made with ... .
5. Two friends ... .
a) gathered wood;
b) made a fire;
c) peeled the potatoes;
d) put up a tent.
6. The advantage of the Irish stew was ... .
a) that it required a professional recipe;
b) that it took no time to cook;
c) that it had many ingredients;
d) that it was made of potatoes only.
7. The Irish stew was ... .
a) a success;
b) a failure;
c) Harris’s favourite dish;
d) a waste.
8. The tourists would never ... their boat trip.
c) After you listen
If you were a participant of such a boat trip, how would you contribute to its success?
a) Before you write
If you want to inform or warn people of something, write a public sign.
• Public signs are placed on signposts, trees and stiles in areas that are frequently visited by tourists.
• The signs can be permanent ones, for example showing public footpaths across common or private land; or the signs may be temporary ones letting visitors know about a coming event.
• In the permanent signs the writing is more formal in style and may have symbols.
• The temporary signs about events are informal and may only have a few words on them - just giving the details of time and place of the occasion.
• Brainstorm with your friends and say what you’ll inform the readers about in relation to Great Britain.
• Make a list of words and phrases you’ll use in a public sign.
a) While you write
Follow the format of writing a public sign.
How to Write a Public Sign
• No smoking
• Private property
• Trespassers will be prosecuted
• Bedford, 2 miles
• Public footpaths
• Do NOT litter
• In case of emergency ... .
• If you are interested in ... visit ... .
• Please join us at ... .
• Welcome to ... .
• Don’t miss ... .
• If you think ... .contact... .
At Home: In your WB, design public signs which can be placed in the following areas:
- King’s College Chapel, Cambridge;
- the Palace Pier, Brighton;
- Yorvik, the Viking City, York
Use the prompts in your workbook.