Підручник Англійська мова 9 клас для спеціалізованих шкіл з поглибленим вивченням англійської мови - Л.В. Калініна - Генеза 2017 рік
Unit 7 Your English-speaking world
7.3. Facts about Canada
• criterion (criteria);
• to designate;
• bundant (wildlife);
• polar region;
• mountain environments;
• to be recognized by somebody / something.
• to fall into categories;
• to promote heritage conservation;
• to make somebody’s day by ...;
• to play a major role in something;
• human endeavour;
• site preservation fund;
• to rival something./ somebody.
• It’s a dream for many to ...;
I. Go Ahead!
Look at the map and say how varied the Canadian territory looks to you. Compare it to that of Ukraine.
Example: The Canadian territory looks varied to me, a lot of it being within the Arctic Circle. I think it has some common features with Ukraine, such as rivers, lakes, forests, etc.
Read the UNESCO information about the world heritage sites in Canada and make a list of characteristics of their two groups.
World Heritage Sites in Canada
Ten world heritage sites that rank with the likes of the pyramids in Egypt, the Galapagos Islands, and the ancient city of Damascus in Syria. They have been recognized by the UNESCO, which as of July 2016 had managed to carefully review and designate only 1052 such in the world.
The sites fall into two categories: natural and cultural. Natural sites are outstanding examples of major stages in the earth’s evolution. Among them Kluane National Park in the Yukon comes first. It is known for some of the world’s largest ice fields outside polar regions and a spectacular range of mountain environments. This rugged and magnificent wilderness covers 22, 015 sq km in the southwest corner of the Yukon. Kluane got its name from the Southern Tutchone word for “lake with many fish”. Two thirds of the park is glacier with interspersed bits of valleys, glacial lakes, alpine forests, meadows and tundra. Canada’s highest mountain, Mt Logan (5949 m), and the second highest, Mt St. Elias (5488 m), tower there.
Kluane National Park
Another natural sight of signature attraction, Nahanni National Park, is found in the Northwest Territories, with nearly 5000 square kilometers of wilderness. It includes the South Nahanni watershed and canyon system, tundra-capped mountains, caves and the magnificent 90-metre Virginia Falls, twice the height of Niagara Falls. It’s a dream for many to take a once-in-a-lifetime river trip, with hot springs and abundant wildlife along the way.
Nahanni National Park
The cultural sites involve human endeavour. They include, in particular, Gros Morne National Park, Newfoundland. It is a must- see for its scenic varied geography: fjords that rival Scandinavia’s, the majestic barren lands, sandy beaches, mountain hiking trails. The site has 4500 years of human occupation, from the Stone Age to visits by French and Basque whalers, Jacques Cartier, and Captain James Cook.
Gros Morne National Park, Newfoundland
If you want to get yet more feel of the dim past, don’t miss a chance of going to L’Anse aux Meadows
National Historic Park, Newfoundland, since it is the sight of the oldest known European settlement in the New World. The remains of the settlement created by Vikings from Scandinavia and Greenland, replicas of sod buildings almost transport you back in time. The Vikings led by Leif Eriksson, son of Erik the Red, built their own boats, sailed all over the North Atlantic, landed here, constructed houses, fed themselves, and they were practically all just 20-something years old. Also captivating is the story of the Norwegian explorer Helge Ingstad, who managed to discover the site in 1960, ending years of searching: a local inhabitant, George Decker, made Ingstad’s day by pointing out the mounds of the terrain.
Canada played a major role in setting up the World Heritage Convention, which outlines how sites are chosen, sets up a site preservation fund for 123 member states, and promotes heritage conservation worldwide.
L’Anse aux Meadows National Historic Park, Newfoundland
UNESCO — the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organisation
World Heritage Convention - (the) convention concerning the protection of the world cultural and natural heritage; it was adopted by the UNESCO General Conference in Paris in 1972. The World Heritage Convention aims to promote cooperation among nations to protect heritage around the world that is of such outstanding universal value that its conservation is important for current and future generations. It is intended that, unlike the seven wonders of the ancient world, properties on the World Heritage List will be conserved for all time.
Yukon — (the) territory in Northwest Canada, which was the site of the Klondike gold rush in the 1890s.
Niagara Falls — (the) very large waterfalls on the border between Canada and the US, popular with tourists and used to supply electricity.
Newfoundland — a province of eastern Canada consisting of the island of Newfoundland and the coast of Labrador.
Tutchone — (the) a first nation people numbering several thousand, are among the most numerous of the more than 7200 Yukon natives of Indian heritage.
Jacques Cartier (1491-1557) - a French explorer of Breton origin who claimed what is now Canada for France. He was the first European to describe and map the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the shores of the Saint Lawrence River, which he named “The Country of Canadas”, after the Iroquois names for the two big settlements he saw at Stadacona (Quebec City) and at Hochelaga (Montreal Island).
Captain James Cook (1728-1779) - a British explorer, navigator and cartographer, ultimately rising to the rank of Captain in the Royal Navy. Cook made detailed maps of Newfoundland prior to making three voyages to the Pacific Ocean.
Erik the Red — Erik Thorvaldsson (950 - c. 1003 a.d), known as Erik the Red, is remembered in medieval Icelandic saga sources as having founded the first Nordic settlement in Greenland. “The Red” most likely refers to his hair color. Leif Ericson, the famous Icelandic explorer, is Erik’s son.
III. Language Track
4. In the text above, find at least 10 words in which ‘r’ is pronounced as /r/ and in which ‘r' is not pronounced and reproduce them in context. Practise saying them in sentences of your own.
Example: //r/ heritage
Canada has ten world heritage sites.
The cultural sites involve human endeavour.
1. Study the difference in meaning. Reproduce these words in their context from the text and interpret their meaning. Make up your own sentences by analogy.
site (noun) -
1. a place where something important or interesting happened:
Example: The house is built on the site of a medieval prison.
2. a place that is used for a particular purpose:
Example: It’s ideal for a camping site.
cite (verb) -
1. to mention something as an example:
Example: The judge cited a 1956 Supreme Court ruling in her decision.
2. to give the exact words of something that has been written:
Example: The passage cited above is fron a Robert frost poem.
sight (noun) -
1. the physical ability to see:
Example: He began to lose his sight six years ago.
2. the act of seeing something:
Example: The house is hidden behind the trees.
3. a famous or interesting place that tourists visit:
Example: Maria is showing the sight of Christchurch at the moment.
quote (verb) -
1. to repeat exactly what someone else has said or written:
Example: She quoted from a news-paper article.
2. to give something as an example to support what you are saying:
Example: He quoted the example of Canada as a multicultural country.
2. Choose the right words from above to complete these sentences.
1. Can I ... you on that?
2. In the afternoon, you’ll have a chance to relax or see the ... .
3. I’m afraid the patient need an emergency operation to save his... .
4. It is an important archaeological ... .
5. The mission provided detailed data on potential lunar landing ...s.
6. The minister said, ...: “There will be no more tax increases this year.”
7. She will faint at the ... of blood.
8. The author ...d from Hamlet t the beginning of his essay.
3. In the text “World Heritage Sites in Canada”, find more information about the places in the photos, read the cross-cultural commentary on the previous page and say why they are historically and geographically attractive to people.
1. In the text (p. 233), find the sentences with the verb manage to and interpret its meaning in context.
Complete the instructions:
If you want to emphasise that something was achieved with difficulty, use...
The verb to manage has a similar meaning to ...
It is followed by ...
2. Paraphrase the sentences, using the words in bold.
Example: We got lost but we found our way home using a map. manage We got lost but we managed to find our way home using a map.
1. I think I will have time to come and see you tomorrow. be able
2. We have been working much faster since we got the computer. be able
3. If he gets the job, he’ll be expected to keep the dress code. need
4. She emailed me so I didn’t phone her. need
5. You don’t need to apologise. It was my fault. have
6. You don’t have to come if you don’t want to. needn’t
7. You can’t keep pets in the hostel. be allowed
8. My parents said I couldn’t stay out late. be allowed
3. Interpret the ideas in these sentences, using modals.
Example: He didn’t mind my opening the window.
I was allowed to open the window.
1. No, you may not wait inside. ...
2. No, I didn’t do my homework. I couldn’t. ...
3. They permitted us to come in and look around. ...
4. Shall I bring anything with me? ...
5. I catch the bus at 7:15 every morning. It’s a must. ...
6. Everyone benefits from eating a balanced diet. ...
7. I will learn to drive by next summer so we can hire a car. ...
8. They like it when they can work at home. ...
IV. Communication Track
a) Read the guidelines for protecting the environment and complete the following memo for responsible travellers. Present your ideas to the class.
Guidelines for Protecting the Environment
• Treat Canada’s forests and native wildlife with respect. Damaging or taking plants is illegal in most parts of the country.
• Remove rubbish. Litter is unsightly and can encourage disease. Rather than burying or burning, carry out what you carry in.
• Keep streams and lakes pure by cleaning away from water source.
• Where possible, use portable fuel stoves. Keep open fires small, use only dead wood and make sure the fire is out by dousing it with water and checking the ashes before leaving.
• Keep to tracks where possible. Get permission before crossing private land and move carefully around livestock.
A Memo for Responsible Travellers
In the national parks, you will be able ... .
You will be allowed....
You will need to ... .
You will have to ... .
You won’t be allowed to... .
You won’t need to ... .
You won’t have to ... .
You won’t be able to ... .
b) In pairs, discuss with your friends possible sightseeing activities in Canada. Use the pattern.
A: Hi, ...! It’s good to see you. I missed you terribly while you were touring ... . How was it?
B: It was a dream come true: ... .
A: No wonder, ... .
B: It is said that . .
A: Wow, that sounds really good And did you by any chance visit ...?
B: Do you mean ...? I spent ... and visited ... .
A: It’s a nice place to see and to get a taste of ... .
B: Did you know that .?
A: That’s incredible! How on earth did you ...?
B: I was told that ... For instance, ... .
A: The world we live in! There is so much to wonder about in Canada. It’s not surprising that … .
c) In the whole class, compile a questionnaire to find out how your friends promote heritage conservation Ukraine-wide. Use the word list below.
• Public recognition
• Fund raising
• Wildlife preservation
• Limited human occupation
a) Before you listen
You are going to listen to the conversation between two Canadians talking about Canada’s places of interest. Brainstorm with your classmates what they may find attractive about the natural and cultural sites in Canada.
b) While you listen
Listen to the conversation and correct the errors in the following statements.
1. Don was touring north.
2. Darren thinks that Ontario is the least visited region in the country.
3. Buffalo is a popular honeymoon attraction.
4. The well-known George Bernard Shaw Festival takes place in Toronto.
5. Lots of historical places in Canada have names associated with natural sounds.
6. Manitoba has the longest place-name in the country.
c) After you listen
Say if you agree with Prime Minister Mackenzie King who said, “...if some countries have too much history, we have too much geography.” Give your reasons.
a) Before you write
If you are asked to present information concerning the progress which has been made on a project or a meeting that has taken place, write an informative report.
An informative report is a formal piece of writing, usually to one’s superiors, colleagues or members of a committee.
• Brainstorm with your friends possible purpose and content of your report and say what aspects can be covered.
• Make a list of words and phrases you’ll use while writing an informative report.
b) While you write
How to Write an Informative Report
State the purpose and content of your report
• The purpose of this report is to outline ...
• As requested, this is a report regarding ...
• The information below summarises the events which took place ...
Present various aspects of the subject under suitable headings
• In addition, ...
• However, ...
• (Un)fortunately, ...
Summarise all points mentioned before
• I am pleased to announce ...
• It must be pointed out ...
• On the whole, it would be fair to conclude ...
At Home: In your W/B, write an informative report to the historical society on Canadian Ukrainians.