Підручник Англійська мова 9 клас для спеціалізованих шкіл з поглибленим вивченням англійської мови - Л.В. Калініна - Генеза 2017 рік
Unit 2. Nature around us
2.1. The Natural World
• to smuggle;
• to chase;
• to bark;
• to enjoy every minute of something;
• endangered species;
• to keep somebody in captivity;
• to be dead against something;
• to treat somebody cruelly;
• to object to doing something;
• reputable breeder;
• breathtaking view
• to be inquired;
• to adapt oneself to...;
• in search of...
• to release somebody in the wild;
• stray dogs (cats).
• I can’t but agree...
• My heart swells with pride when...
• Strange as it may seem...
I. Go Ahead!
Look at the photos which show wild animals in different settings and say what life they have. What you disapprove of and why.
Example: I don’t like the first photo, because a monkey in it doesn’t look happy. Vice versa. She is tired and exhausted. I think it’s cruel to use animals for commercial purposes.
Read what different Ukrainian children say about the natural world of Ukraine and what they feel about it. Do you feel the same or different?
I’m happy to live in one of the most picturesque countries of Europe - Ukraine. There are so many places of enchanting beauty like the Carpathian Mountains, the Sofiyivka National Dendrological park in Uman, the Shatsk National Nature park and, of course, a natural world like no other - the Askania Nova National preserve, which has a zoo and a Botanic garden. I was lucky to visit all these places with my classmates and see spectacular many-coloured flowers, marvelous rare plants and trees with my own eyes. I felt as if in a realm of beauty looking at grass varieties growing wild in the reserve. I was glad to know that 85 plants of the Botanic garden are considered to be rare and 12 are entered into the Red Book of endangered species.
When yellow scynthian tulips bloom, the meadows become an unforgettable sight as they produce a bright yellow light. I have a photo.
Look and enjoy it.
* * *
Our country is famous for its plantations of pine, oak, beech and birch. I live in Polissia, where majestic dense forests are situated. Many plants lovers come there in search of beauty, but I’m personally a great admirer of animals. I want to know everything there is to know about some of them. I wanted to see rare animals of the Askania Nova Zoo as fast as I could. This spring my dream has come true and I watched Przhevalsky horses, zebras, bison, elk, deer, antelope and other animals. Many bird species also nest in the steppe. I could see some of them hatching their younger ones. It was a breathtaking view! I stayed there till the end of the day taking pictures, drawing birds, taking notes and just enjoying every minute of my stay. I’m dead against keeping animals in captivity. In fact, Askania Nova has almost everything - except cages, that is.
* * *
I think my country is rich in rare plants, unique animals, extraordinary birds and natural resources. When I speak about it, my heart swells with pride. I love Ukraine and want it to be exciting and beautiful forever. I can’t understand why people who go to the forest do not enjoy its beauty, but pick flowers for selling them or just for fun. Strange as it may seem, but some people bring exotic animals from abroad, keep them for some time and then throw away. It’s inhuman at least.
My friends and I take care of such miserable animals, because they are often injured. It concerns wild animals especially, such as tortoises and monkeys, who can’t adapt themselves to the city life. Luckily, my dad is a vet and he helps us a lot. We release them into the wild as soon as they recover.
I believe we should do our best to enrich the country, and not to destroy its fauna and flora.
* * *
I’m full of indignation when I read about animals being smuggled, traded or treated with cruelty. But I don’t object to keeping animals at home as pets. Many people in Ukraine have fourlegged friends - cats, rabbits, hamsters or dogs.
I’m also a pet owner and have my pet Doberman, called Star. My dad got him as a puppy from a reputable breeder some years ago and now I can’t imagine my life without Star. Who wakes me up in the morning? Who makes me run in the morning park for more than an hour? Who protects me from stray dogs? It’s my Star. He is very smart and never chases passers-by or barks at them. If you see his clever eyes you’ll love him too. I think life is meaningless if you don’t have a pet at home.
Across Cultures: Ukraine
Askania Nova National Preserve - a zoo and a Botanical garden which covers an area of 34000 hectares.
The Natioanl Dendrological Sofiyivka Park - a great site of landscape architecture located in Uman.
The Shatsk National Nature Park - a recreational park with more than thirty lakes on its territory, one of the biggest in Europe.
II. Language Track
1. In the text, find and read the words which end in the sound /η/. Practise saying them in your own sentences.
There are spots of enchanting beauty in Ukraine.
1. In the text, find and reproduce the sentences with the descriptive adjectives. Match them to their explanations and illustrate in your own sentences.
Example: The park is really enchanting.
2. In the text, find the words which are the derivatives from the following adjectives. Interpret their meanings.
Example: pride - proud
3. In the text, find the sentences with the following words and word combinations and add 2-3 logically connected sentences.
Example: enchanting beauty
There are so many places of enchanting beauty in Ukraine. They attract a lot of tourists year after year. Some of them are entered into the Red Book and you can see them nowhere else.
• spectacular many-coloured flowers;
• in search of beauty;
• to enjoy every minute of something;
• to be dead against something;
• to be full of indignation;
• to chase passers-by;
• to be rich in;
• to be injured;
• to adapt to;
• to release somebody into the wild.
1. From the text, read out the linking words and conjunctions in bold and interpret their meaning in context.
2. Complete the instructions.
• If you want to introduce time clauses, use...
• If you want to say that something will happen before a certain moment, use.
3. Answer the following questions using the time conjunctions.
1. How long can you look at different exotic plants and animals?
2. When can’t we release young birds into the wild?
3. What does a guide of the zoo/botanic garden advise tourists to do as fast as they can?
4. What do you want to see until the exhibition of rare animals and plants is closed?
5. What must you do before your foreign pen-friends come to Ukraine to see the beauty spots?
6. What will you have done by the opening of the flower exhibition?
III. Communication Track
a) Your foreign pen-friend is interested in Ukrainian fauna and flora. What can you tell him/her about it? Use the guiding questions.
1. What rare plants/animals can Ukraine boast of?
2. Why do you think your foreign pen-friend should see them?
3. Which of them are entered into the Red Book?
4. Where can your friends see them?
5. What time of the year is the best to see them?
b) Pair up with your friend. Look at the photo, identify yourselves with the characters and continue the dialogue.
— Hi, Helen, taking a cat for a walk?
— In a way.
c) In the whole class, dispute over the great man’s words:
“The deer, the horse, the great eagle, these are our brothers, the earth is our mother; all things are connected like the blood which unites our family”.
a) Before you listen
You are going to listen to the natural world news broadcast. Look at the photos and say what the news may be about.
b) While you listen
Mark the true statements:
1. Dmytro and Daryna conduct the natural world news from all over the world.
2. Two whales swam into the bay at high tide.
3. The animal was scared stiff of the noise.
4. The team of divers can’t guide the whale toward the open sea.
5. The second rescue is also connected with the ocean.
6. It was a guide dog who prevented its owner from a traffic accident.
7. Mongolian people have a special devotion to horses.
8. Children in Mongolia begin to ride a horse at the age of 12.
9. There is a national race for small children in Mongolia every year.
10. Unfortunately, the horse riding tradition is dying out.
c) After you listen
If you were a conductor of such a TV channel, what news you would broadcast.
a) Before you write
If you want to describe a particular event which is interesting to your classmates, write a news report.
• Brainstorm with your friends and say what piece of news concerning the natural world you want your readers/listeners to know about.
• Make a list of words and phrases you’ll use writing a news report.
b) While you write
How to Write a News Report
• In the introduction summarize the event giving information about the time, place and the people involved.
• Develop the event in detail about the cause(s) and result(s) of the event and the people involved in the paragraphs of the body.
• In conclusion comment on the event.
• Deal with detailed accurate facts.
• Don’t mention your feelings.
• Mention people’s comments on the event using direct speech.
At Home: In your WB, write a news report.