Підручник Англійська мова (9-й рік навчання) - Алла Несвіт - Генеза 2017 рік

Unit 2 Nature Magic: Web of Life

In this unst you will…

Listen, read and talk about…

the natural and built environment

different species of animals, birds and plants у

the National Parks of Ukraine and the UK

Learn how to…

describe a landscape

fill in the gaps with the necessary words while listening to the story

Practise / Revise

defining and non-defining relative clauses

Cardinal Numerals

Write / Make…

a leaflet/а report

a presentation

Lessons 1-2 This Is Our Earth

1. Listen and read. Say how you understand the title of the poem.

Web of Life

An invisible web,

as fragile1 as dreams,

links mountains to forests

and rivers to streams.

Through woodlands and forests;

where seas flow and ebb2,

over ice caps and deserts,

life weaves a great web.

From plankton to whales,

all life great and small

depends on each other.

Life’s web links us all.

And we must take care

of each gossamer3 thread4,

for we are all part of

this great world wide web.

By Jane Clarke

1 Fragile - крихкий, слабкий.

2 An ebb - відплив (морський).

3 A gossamer - осіннє павутиння.

4 A thread - нитка.

2. Work in pairs. Discuss the questions.

1. What kind of web does the author talk about?

2. How are the parts of the Earth connected with each other?

3. Why does the author say that our planet is fragile?

4. What do the people have to do if they want to save life on the planet Earth?

3. a) Look at the mind map and talk about it. How are all the things connected on the planet Earth?

b) Work in pairs. Develop ‘The Web of Life’ with the nouns from the poem of Ex. 1. What other words can you add to it?

4. Read the article and say what environmental problems people are concerned about.

The environment means simply what is around us. On a local scale, the environment is the area around our home or our school. On a larger scale, the environment is the whole world - all the cities, countryside, forests, seas and the air that we breathe. The natural environment, commonly referred to simply as the environment, comprises all living and non-living things that occur on Earth or some region thereof. A geographical area is regarded as a natural environment, if the human impact on it, is kept under a certain limited level. This level depends on the specific context, and changes in different areas and contexts. The natural environment is contrasted with the built environment, which comprises the areas and components that are strongly influenced by man.

We might be concerned about litter or noise where we live, or lack of trees or grass. Nowadays people understand how important it is to solve the environmental problems that endanger people’s lives. One of the greatest environmental concerns is pollution in its many forms (water pollution, air pollution, nuclear pollution). Most pollution is caused by the actions of people. We might be concerned about the climate changes around the world, the destruction of wildlife and natural beauty of in our countrysides, the shortage of natural resources (metals, different kinds of fuel) and the growth of population.

5. Look through the text of Ex. 4 on p. 42 and explain the meaning of the highlighted words from the context. If you have any difficulties, consult the dictionary.

• the environment • to refer • to comprise • to concern • destruction • wildlife • shortage • natural resources • pollution • to influence • to endanger • litter •

6. Look through the text of Ex. 4 again and complete the sentences.

1. The environment means …. .

2. On a local scale, the environment is …. .

3. On a larger scale, the environment is …. .

4. The natural environment comprises …. .

5. The natural environment is contrasted with …. .

6. We might be concerned about …. .

7. Find the words in the text of Ex. 4 to match these definitions.

1. All living and non-living things that occur on the planet Earth.

2. To mention or speak about someone or something.

3. To consist of particular parts, groups, etc.

4. To make someone feel worried or upset.

5. The act or process of destroying something or being destroyed.

6. Animals and plants growing in natural conditions.

7. A situation in which there isn’t enough of something that people need.

8. Something such as useful land, or minerals such as oil or coal, that exists in a country and can be used to increase its wealth.

8. Complete the sentences with the words from Ex. 7.

1. The environmental …. was caused by the road building programme.

2. The City Council has to take measures to protect the area’s …. .

3. The house …. two bedrooms, a kitchen and a living-room.

4. This area is said to experience a …. of fresh water.

5. We agreed not to …. to the matter again.

6. Nowadays people are concerned about the development of energy …. .

7. The report …. the destruction of rainforests.

8. People between 18 and 30 are much more concerned about the …. than the older generation.

9. Work in pairs. Ask and answer the questions.

1. What different types of environment do you know?

2. Is it important to keep the human impact on the environment under a certain limited level?

3. What should people be more concerned about?

4. What environmental problems are of major concern in the place where you live?

10. a) Sheak in class. Say what you see in the photos. What kind of the environ ment do people live in? What environmental problems might they be concerned about?

b) Work in pairs. Ask and answer the questions about the photos.

11. Write a few sentences about the place where you live. Do people respect the environment there? Are there any environmental problems there?

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