Підручник Англійська мова (9-й рік навчання) - Алла Несвіт - Генеза 2017 рік
Unit 2 Nature Magic: Web of Life
Lessons 3-4. Welcome to Ascania-Nova
1. Read the words and say where you can see these species of animals and plants.
• a lion • a tiger • a deer • a hippopotamus • a fox • an orangutan • a hare • a parrot • a squirrel • an ostrich • a pelican • an emu • a swan • a crane • a kangaroo • a buffalo • a dove • a tulip • a snowdrop • a zebra •
I can see a lion (…) at the Zoo … (in the Safari Park, on a farm, in the wild, etc).
2. The article you are going to read contains the names of several different animals and plants. Look through the article quickly and find all the different plants and animals and make a list.
3. You are going to read an article about the Ascania-Nova Nature Reserve. Choose the most suitable heading from the list (A-F) for each part of the article (1-4). There is one extra heading which you don’t need to use. There is an example (0) at the beginning.
A What Makes the Famous Reserve’s Existence Possible B What Is the Dendrological Park Like?
C The Flora and Fauna of Ascania-Nova D A Steppe Oasis E Zoo Collections F Save for the Future Ascania-Nova — Ukrainian National Nature Reserve
The Ascania-Nova Nature Reserve, which is spread over an area of about 34,000 hectares, is a steppe oasis - a “small paradise”. It is situated in the steppes north of the Black Sea in Kherson Oblast, Ukraine. About one third of this area is occupied by the virgin steppe. 200 hectares are given to what is called “the Dendrological Park” (‘dendrology’ is the study of trees) and the local zoo occupies the area of 62 hectares (150 acres).
This Biosphere Reserve, where new ways of farming are tested, is also a research centre. Both flora and fauna are studied and protected at Ascania-Nova. There are hundreds of species of plants to be found there, 85 of which are considered to be rare and 12 have entered the Red Book of Endangered Species. In spring the vast plains of the Reserve are covered with blooming yellow ‘Scythian tulips’. Ascania-Nova is the shelter for many animals which have entered the Red Book of Endangered Species and are under the protection of the state. Wandering through Ascania, one can see foxes hunting, hares easily-frightened, graceful deer grazing, ground squirrels enjoying the warm sun. The animals seem to know that they are protected and that no harm or menace should be expected from man. There are several species of snakes and over 2,000 species of birds.
The Dendrological Park is made up of two parts: an old section with trees over a hundred years old, and a new one where trees are under thirty years of age. Altogether there are 939 species of plants which are under protection. They come from different places and continents.
The Ascania-Nova Zoo has many species of birds, such as: ostriches, emu, swans, cranes, to name just a few. Some species of mammals that are kept in the Zoo are also very rare.
The rich collection of plants and animals in the Ascania-Nova Biosphere Reserve needs a lot of care which makes its existence possible.
Ascania-Nova now is a major tourist attraction, as well as a place where rare and endangered species are taken care of and are given excellent opportunities to survive. Any visit to this Nature Reserve will be a memorable and highly enjoyable experience.
4. Look through the text above and explain the meaning of the highlighted words from the context. If you have any difficulties, consult the dictionary.
• to spread over • steppe • to occupy • species • a shelter • graceful • rare • endangered • a crane • a mammal •
5. Find and read a word or a phrase in the article that has a similar meaning to each of the following words and phrases.
1. Unique - …. .
2. A territory - …. .
3. Kinds - …. .
4. Home - …. .
5. Scientific - …. .
6. To cover - …. .
6. Read the text of Ex. 3 and choose the correct item to complete the sentences.
1. About one third of the Ascania-Nova Nature Reserve is occupied by ….
a) the Dendrological Park
b) the virgin steppe
c) the Ascania-Nova Zoo
2. This Biosphere Reserve, where …. , is also a research centre.
a) archaeological finds are made
b) new types of plants are grown
c) new ways of farming are tested
3. There are hundreds of species of plants to be found in Ascania-Nova, 85 of which are considered …. and 12 have entered the Red Book of Endangered Species.
a) to be medicinal herbs
b) to be disappearing
c) to be rare
4. This reserve is the shelter for many animals which …. and are under the protection of the state.
a) have entered the Red Book of Endangered Species
b) can be found only here
c) are taken care of by the environmentalists
5. Altogether there are 939 species of plants which …. .
a) come from many European countries
b) are carefully studied in the research centre
c) come from different places and continents
6. The rich collection of plants and animals in Ascania-Nova Nature
Reserve needs a lot of care which …. .
a) can save this part of Ukraine for future generations
b) can make its existence possible
c) can become a good place for ecotourism in Ukraine
7. a) Read the sentences ignoring the relative clauses in bold. Choose and say which sentence still makes sense without it.
1. The Nature Reserve which I’ve visited attracts many tourists.
2. Ascania-Nova, which was Freidrich F. Falz-Fein’s native village, was a place of unique beauty.
b) Read and choose the correct items to complete the sentences.
1. The relative clause usually comes before/after a noun and gives essential or extra information about this noun.
2. It gives essential/extra information in sentence 1. We can/can’t understand what Nature Reserve the person is talking about.
3. It gives essential/extra information in sentence 2. We can/can’t understand what Nature Reserve the person is talking about.
8. Read the information and say what type of relative clause the sentences from Ex. 7a contain: defining or non-defining.
There are two types of relative clauses: defining and non-defining. With both types, we use different relative pronouns depending on what we are referring to:
who for people (and animals when we want to give them a personality);
which for things (and animals when we don’t want to give them a personality);
where for places;
when for times;
why for reasons;
whose the possessive of who.
Defining relative clauses come after a noun and tell us which person, thing or place we are talking about. It gives us the essential information. We cannot remove the relative clause and still understand the sentence. If we remove the relative clause, the sentence doesn’t make any sense. With defining relative clauses, we:
cannot use commas;
can replace who, which, when and why with that.
Non-defining relative clauses give us extra information. We can remove the relative clause and still understand the sentence. In nondefining relative clauses, we use who, whose, where and which, but we do not use that.
With non-defining relative clauses, we:
must use commas;
cannot replace the relative pronoun with that;
cannot even leave out the relative pronoun.
9. Read and choose the correct words to complete the sentences.
1. We can/can’t use that instead of which in sentence 1 (Ex. 7a) because the sentence contains defining/non-defining clause.
2. We can/can’t use that instead of which in sentence 2 (Ex. 7a) because the sentence contains defining/non-defining clause.
10. These phrases appeared in the article on pp. 45-46. Without looking back, write down all possible relative pronouns. Put a dash (-) if the relative pronoun can be left out. Then check your answers by looking back at the article.
1. …. is spread over an area of about 34,000 hectares.
2. …. is called “the Dendrological Park”.
3. …. new ways of farming are tested.
4. …. are considered to be rare.
5. …. have entered the Red Book of Endangered Species.
6. …. they are protected.
7. …. no harm or menace should be expected from man.
8. …. are kept in the Zoo.
9. …. can make its existence possible.
11. Look through the text of Ex.3 on pp. 45-46 again. Find and read aloud the sentences with the relative clauses. Decide what type of relative clause they contain.
12. Say why you would like to visit Ascania-Nova. Use the relative clauses.
Ascania-Nova, a place where I’ve never been before, is famous for its unique collection of plants and animals from around the word.
13. Read and complete the text with the correct relative pronouns: which (x2), who, where, that (x2). Decide and circle D (defining relative clause) or ND (non-defining relative clause).
From the History of Ascania-Nova
Ascania-Nova is situated on the land (1) (D/ND) …. was bought for a settlement of ethnic Germans. Before that time it used to be the virgin steppe zone (2) (D/ND) …. only wild animals lived and (3) (D/ND) …. tall grasses were swaying in the wind.
Freidrich F. Falz-Fein, 1863-1920, (4) (D/ND) ….as born and raised in the village of Ascania-Nova, had a fancy for wildlife and its preservation for the generations to come. He had an ambition to turn the area into a ‘paradise on the planet Earth’, a nature reserve (5) (D/ND) …. would be world-famous. He was a very determined man and managed to make his dream come true. He brought to the Reserve (6) (D/ND) …. he had founded animals and plants from many parts of the country and of the world. All in all, he brought to Ascania-Nova many species of plants, 52 species of mammals and 208 species of birds (7) (D/ND) …. were introduced.
He wanted to have a park around his estate. The park eventually grew into a small forest. At the very end of the 19th century Freidrich Falz-Fein founded and opened a museum (8) (D/ND) …. stuffed animals of the local and world’s fauna, a collection of birds’ eggs, archaeological finds made in the area of Ascania-Nova were exhibited.