Підручник Англійська мова (9-й рік навчання) - Алла Несвіт - Генеза 2017 рік
Unit 2 Nature Magic: Web of Life
Lessons 5-6. National Parks of the UK
1. a) Work in pairs. Write a few questions to ask your friends about the protection of nature. Start them with: What…? Where…? Why…? How…?
b) Discuss the questions in small groups.
1. Why are people so interested in nature protection?
2. What needs protection nowadays (animals, plants, etc.)?
3. What are National Parks and why do we have them?
4. Who looks after the National Parks?
5. How do you protect the environment?
2. a) Listen and read the word combinations in the Vocabulary File.
b) Make an imaginary journey across Great Britain. Look at the photos of the British landscapes and talk about them. Use the words from the box.
• beautiful nature • the majestic beauty • a picturesque view • a marvellous/breathtaking landscape • breathing spaces • enchanting waterfalls • the stunning countryside • amazing scenery • towering mountains • woody hillsides • a dramatic coastline • to admire • to discover • to wander through • to feel the warmth of something • to enjoy • to stroll through gardens • to take a journey •
This beautiful country offers everything the visitors could wish for. They can wander through stunning countryside, under miles of big skies in Scotland. They can feel the warmth of the sun’s rays while walking along a dramatic coastline in the east of England. They can stroll through wonderful gardens in Kent or admire the enchanting waterfalls in the Lake District. Whatever holidaymakers are looking for, they’ll find it in the UK. Etc.
3. Look at the map of the National Parks in the UK. Read the information on p. 52 and make a sentence as in the example.
The New Forest National Park is situated in the south of the UK. It was established in 2005.
1. Loch Lomond and the Trossachs 2. Cairngorms 3. Northumberland 4. Lake District 5. North York Moors 6. Yorkshire Dales 7. Snowdonia* 8. Peak District 9. Brecon Beacons 10. South Downs 11. Dartmoor
National Parks in the UK
Land area covered by the National Parks:
England: 8 National Parks cover 7 % of the land area
Wales: 3 National Parks cover 20 % of the land area
Scotland: 2 National Parks cover 7.3 % of the land area
* * *
Order of the National Parks Designation in the UK:
Peak District (1951)
Lake District (1951)
Pembrokeshire Coast (1952)
North York Moors (1952)
Yorkshire Dales (1954)
Brecon Beacons (1957)
The Broads (1989)
Loch Lomond & The Trossachs (2002)
New Forest (2005)
4. You are going to read a magazine article about the Snowdonia* National Park. Four paragraphs have been removed from the article. Choose from the paragraphs (A-D) the one which fits each gap (1-4). There is an example (0) at the beginning.
A During the period of the Industrial Revolution, numerous mines and hillside galleries were opened with significant influence on the region and its communities.
B It takes its name from Snowdon* which, at 1,085 m (3,560 feet), is the highest peak in Wales and England. All in all, there are more than 90 summits over 2,000 feet high and 15 over 3,000.
C Amongst the arctic alpine plants found in the high peaks, the Snowdon Lily is unique to Snowdon. So is the Snowdon or Rainbow Beetle.
D Remnants of the once common oak, ash, rowan and hazel woodlands are found throughout the Park whilst the beautiful rivers and 23 miles of coastline and sandy beaches contribute to the overall diversity of habitat forms.
E It is the second largest of the 11 National Parks in England and Wales.
Inowdonia National Park
The Snowdonia National Park was established in 1951.
The Park covers 2,132 square km (823 square miles).
Apart from the beauty and charm of its high mountains, Snowdonia has inspiring natural and semi-natural habitats. It is a delightfully varied landscape of steep river gorges, waterfalls, paths and green valleys.
There are over a hundred lakes which are more than an acre in size in Snowdonia.
With its varied landscape and wide range of habitats, high mountains, wooded valleys, rivers, lakes and coastline, it is not surprising that Snowdonia supports communities of plants and animals which are of international and national importance.
There are 17 National Nature Reserves in Snowdonia; more than in any other National Park in England and Wales; and 56 sites of special scientific interest.
History and Culture
Snowdonia’s landscape illustrates the history of the area through the Stone Age burial chambers, Roman forts, churches, castles, slate quarries and other industrial works.
Ancient stone burial chambers prove the relationships humans and wildlife have had in Snowdonia since 4,000 B.C.
Today the main land-use is sheep farming and cattle farming with coniferous forestry becoming more important relatively recently. The tourism industry continues to grow with many coastal towns having already developed as seaside resorts and yachting ports.
5. Read and say if the statements are true or false.
1. The Snowdonia National Park is the largest National Park in England and Wales.
2. The Snowdonia National Park is recognized nationally and internationally.
3. The Park is famous only for the beauty and charm of its mountains.
4. There are more National Nature Reserves in Snowdonia than in any other National Park in England and Wales.
5. The territory of the Snowdonia National Park has never been changed by the people.
6. Today the main land-use is sheep farming and cattle farming.
6. Look at the pictures and talk about the activities people can do when they are having a rest in the National Park. Use the word combinations from the Vocabulary File on p. 50.
A: The National Parks have some of the best climbing areas in Britain, from traditional routes, where the sport of rock climbing began, to dangerous rocky cliffs hanging above the ocean waves. Those people who are interested in rock-climbing can find the best places to check their strength and abilities. I hope that there are the mountain guides who give a safe introduction to the beginners in climbing.
B: The National Parks are famous for the natural habitats of wildlife. That’s why the tourists can enjoy wildlife watching. Everyone can spend some quiet time watching the rare, colourful and sometimes spectacular plants and creatures that live there.
7. a) Listen to the children talking about their weekend in the Snowdonia National Park. What activities have been mentioned in their stories? Copy the chart into your exercise book and tick (^) the correct boxes.
b) Say which of the activities in the list given below you’d like to do in the National Park.
8. Choose the correct item to complete the sentences: which or where, that or what, then read them.
1. Put this encyclopedia back in the bookcase which/where you took it from when you’ve finished.
2. That’s the village which/where I was born in.
3. The National Park in which/where you can do bird-watching is a few miles away.
4. The open-air museum which/where the tourists enjoyed visiting closed down a couple of years ago.
5. This is the house which/where I grew up in.
6. Some environmental problems that/what occurred were predictable.
7. They’ll protect all the endangered species of animals that/what they think have their habitats there.
8. No one was expecting that/what came next.
9. It’s that/what I had read about before.
10. It’s just that/what I’ d like to know about.
9. You are a radio news reporter. Make a news report which includes an interview with an environmentalist who works for one of the National Parks. Use the prompts given below to help you.
The news reporter: You / to say / the woods of… / the steppes of…, etc. / something is wrong / … / Why / you / think so / ?
The environmentalist: The first thing / wrong with. (the forest, etc.) / the silence /… / You walk in… / you / don’t hear / anything / … / You can’t admire the … (birds’ singing) / as it used to be / ... / Isn’t that terrible / ?
The news reporter: You / to mean / some species of… / to disappear / ?
The environmentalist: According to… / birds / animals, etc. / to fight extinction / …
The news reporter: What / the main reasons of…/ you / to name / ?
The environmentalist: I think… / In my opinion.
The news reporter: Isn’t / late / to save / our closest living relatives / ?
The environmentalist: I believe / it’s not / too late / … / People / can help / … / by… / more parks / and… / .
10. Describe one of the photos given below in a written form. Where do you think they were taken? Why would you like to visit these places?