Підручник Англійська мова (9-й рік навчання) - Алла Несвіт - Генеза 2017 рік
Unit 3 Environment and Greener Living
Lesson 3. What is Fly-tipping?
1. When you throw something away, it can stay in the ground for a long time.
A glass bottle stays in the ground for a million years. Do you think about this when you throw things away?
Work in pairs. Read and match the parts (1-5) with the parts (a-e).
2. Listen to Miss Alison talking and check your answers to Ex. 1.
3. You are going to read the text about the illegal dumping of waste. Use the dictionary and find the meaning of the words from the Vocabulary File on p. 67.
• illegal • to dump • a bulky item • a taxpayer • to clear something away • to commit a crime • a vehicle • identifiable • a prosecution • identifiable • trial • to seize • a waste disposal site • to dispose • hazardous substance • to disturb • to take measures •
4. Read the information about the illegal dumping of rubbish in the UK. Do you think that the place you live in faces the same problem? How do people living in your neighbourhood deal with it?
What is Fly-tipping?
Fly-tipping is the illegal dumping of rubbish or bulky items such as unwanted furniture, pieces of used equipment, etc. on land not licensed to receive it. Fly-tipping is dangerous, because it pollutes the land and waterways. Besides, it costs the council taxpayer significant amounts of money to clear the rubbish away.
When people dump household, industrial and commercial waste illegally they commit a crime.
Fly-tipping is often associated with dumping waste from vehicles. The person who owns such a vehicle can also be brought to trial, even if only the vehicle, not the driver, is identifiable. The police also have the powers to seize vehicles which have been used for fly-tipping.
Local Councils in the UK usually provide waste disposal sites and recycling centres where people can safely and legally dispose of unwanted items.
What to do about fly-tipped waste
If you discover fly-tipped waste, do not:
touch the waste - it may contain broken glass, toxic chemicals or other hazardous substances;
disturb the site - there may be the evidence that could help identify the fly- tippers and lead to their prosecution.
visually try to work out what the waste consists of and how much of it there is;
make a note of the day, date and time you saw the tipping, its exact location and whether it is in or near water;
report fly-tipping to your teachers at school or your parents, they will take necessary measures.
5. Look through the text again and complete the statements.
1. Fly-tipping is …. .
2. Fly-tipping costs the council taxpayer …. .
3. …. is a serious criminal offence.
4. Local Councils in the UK usually provide …. .
5. If you discover fly-tipped waste, do not touch the waste - …. .
6. Report fly-tipping to your teachers at school or your parents, …. .
6. Work in pairs. Talk about the environment you live in. Act out the dialogues as in the example. Use the phrases from the box. Start like this:
A: Look! There’s so much litter in the streets! Is it so pleasant for people to walk among the piles of sweets wrappings, empty cans and plastic bottles?
B: You are right. People throw away the litter and they don’t think about the others. They can just say that there aren’t enough waste bins in the streets.
A: To my mind, it’s a lame excuse. To throw a candy wrapping in the street or to carry it to the nearest waste bin or even home is the question of the person’s culture. As for me, I never throw litter in the street. When I see somebody littering, I always ask this person to pick up the rubbish that has been thrown away.
to pollute the air with fumes of cars, to use dangerous chemicals at home and in the garden, to use plastic package, to make fires in the parks and woods, to cut down the trees, to throw the litter in the streets (yards, corridors of the houses), etc.
to use bikes (public transport) rather than cars, to use less chemicals in the gardens and at home, to use less plastic packaging, to clean away the territory, to put more waste bins, to plant more trees, flowers, etc.
7. Write about the place where you live. What do you do to protect the environment?