Підручник Англійська мова (9-й рік навчання) - Алла Несвіт - Генеза 2017 рік
Unit 3 Environment and Greener Living
Lessons 4-5. It's Up to People!
1. Look at the pictures. Say in which way they are similar and different. How has the territory been changed because of the people’s activities?
The new supermarket has already been built. Etc.
2. Read the text say how the landscapes of England and Wales (the UK) change nowadays.
Land Use and Landscape
Almost three-quarters of the land in England and Wales is used for food production. This figure is falling gradually as more farmland and countryside are being used for other purposes, such as housing.
How is the land used today?
The land and soil provide food, clean water, thriving wildlife and a place to live. The varied geology and climate across England and Wales influence the soils and vegetation that are present.
The last regular land cover survey of Great Britain showed that in England and Wales:
• 26 % covered by grassland (pasture, meadow, etc.);
• 33 % tilled for crops;
• 11 % woodland ;
• 10 % urban and suburban;
• 19 % semi-natural vegetation (uncultivated areas such as rough grass, marsh and moorland).
Arable (tilled) land is found mostly in the drier lowlands to the east. Grasslands occur mainly in the wetter west and north uplands.
How is land use changing?
The great amount of farming land is being changed by people today. More and more buildings are being built on the agricultural land. This development can have effects on both the biological and physical properties of soil and can limit its future uses.
Much of England’s land has already been urbanised. In 2012 towns, cities and other urban settlements made eight per cent of the country. Some urban development is being planned for new houses now.
Over the past 20 years policy changes and schemes to reduce the impact of farming on the environment have helped to halt or reverse the loss of important features and habitats like hedges, ponds, walls and banks.
3. a) Find the words from the Vocabulary File in the text and explain what they mean from the context. Then use the words in your own sentences.
• farmland • housing • grassland • tilled • woodland • urban • suburban • thriving wildlife • geology • vegetation • marsh • moorland • property • habitat • to reduce • to halt •
b) Work in pairs. Ask and answer the questions.
1. How much of the land in England and Wales is used for food production?
2. How is this figure changing at the moment?
3. What influences the soils and vegetation in England and Wales?
4. What are the results of the last regular land cover survey?
5. How can the urban development affect the biological and physical properties of soil?
6. Were any measures taken by the responsible authorities?
4. Match the words (1-8) with their definitions (a-h).
1. The environment
a) plants in general;
b) the natural home of a plant or an animal;
c) to say that something will happen before it happens;
d) the air, water and land on Earth, which can be harmed by man’s activities;
5. A habitat
e) the thing or things that someone owns;
6. To reduce
f) animals and plants growing in natural conditions;
7. To predict
g) land used for farming;
h) to make something smaller or less in size.
5. Complete the sentences with the words from Ex. 4.
1. The City Council took measures to protect the area’s…
2. This grassland is an important …. for many wild flowers.
3. Some of these chemicals are very damaging for the….
4. There are a lot of serious measures that would …. the number of severe environmental problems.
5. The hotel is not responsible for the damaged or lost….
6. This part of Ukraine has an abundance of lush green…
7. Some scientists …. that the Earth’s temperature will rise by as much as 5°C over the next 20 years.
8. Is this part of the area …. ? - Yes, it’s really tilled for crops.
6. Read and say if the statements are true or false. Correct the false ones.
1. The main part of England and Wales is covered by grassland.
2. Grasslands occur mainly in the wetter west and north uplands.
3. The amount of land used for different types of farming never changes.
4. More and more buildings have been built on the agricultural land.
5. Much of England’s land has already been urbanised.
6. Over the past 20 years a part of the territory was saved due to policy changes and schemes to reduce the impact of farming on the environment.
7. a) Listen to the dialogue between Steve and Tom. Read the list and say what things they have mentioned in the discussion. b) Say whose point of view you support. Explain why.
The Present Continuous Passive Voice
(See Grammar Reference p. 240, 242-243)
We form the Present Continuous Passive Voice by means of am/is/are + being + Past Participle of the main verb.
Am I being informed? Is it being discussed? Are we being told?
Yes, I am. / No, I’m not (am not). Yes, it is. / No, it isn’t (is not).
Yes, we are. / No, we aren’t (are not).
The amount of land used for different types of farming is changing. (Present Continuous Active Voice)
A great amount of farming land is being changed by people today. (Present Continuous Passive Voice)
8. Look through the text of Ex. 2 and find the sentences in the Passive Voice. Say what tense form it is. Consult Grammar Reference on pp. 240-244.
9. Change the sentences from the Active Voice into the Passive Voice.
1. Holidaymakers always admire this wonderful waterfall.
2. Dan discovered the beauty of the Ukrainian Carpathians last summer.
3. The journalist will write an article about the thriving wildlife of the UK.
4. The pupils are discussing the environmental problems now.
5. The development of industry in this area has influenced the physical properties of soil.
6. Are more and more animals losing their habitats from year to year?
10. a) Look at the photos of the Ukranian landscapes. Say how the land is being used in Ukraine today. Use different tense forms of the Passive Voice. Talk about:
11. Write an article of 100-120 words to a school newspaper about the wonders of nature in the place where you live in. Use the following questions as a plan:
• Do all people in your neighbourhood take care of nature?
• Is there a local park or a garden where you spend your weekends?
• What can you do to make it a better place to have a rest?