Підручник Англійська мова (9-й рік навчання) - Алла Несвіт - Генеза 2017 рік

Unit 3 Environment and Greener Living

Lesson 11 Test Your Skills

1. a) Listen to a lecture about the development of ecotourism and match the parts (1-8) with the parts (a-h) to make word combinations.

1. To minimise

a) local people in decisions that affect their lives and life chances;

2. To generate

b) more enjoyable experiences for tourists through better connections with local people, and a greater understanding of local cultural, social and environmental issues;

3. To improve

c) negative economic, environmental and social impacts;

4. To involve

d) positive contributions to the conservation of natural and cultural heritage;

5. To make

e) greater economic benefits for local people;

6. To provide

f) local pride and confidence;

7. To encourage

g) respect between tourists and hosts;

8. To build

h) working conditions and access to the industry.

b) Use the word combinations you get to talk about the possibility to develop ecotourism in Ukraine.

2. Write questions to get more information. Then work in pairs and act out short dialogues.

1. The major geographical features of Kent are determined by a series of ridges and valleys running east-west across the county.

2. There’s a new expensive property over there.

3. Many animals and birds suffer because of the man’s activities.

4. Greenpeace is a global campaigning organization that acts to change attitudes and behaviours, to protect and conserve the environment and to promote peace in the world.

5. People should take care of nature.

6. Almost three-quarters of the land in England is used for food production.

3. Complete each sentence with a pair of verbs in the box with opposite meanings.

• save • improve • clean up • cut down • destroy • let • plant • pollute • prevent • protect • recycle • waste • remain • throw away • change • get worse •

1. In fact, all of us need to …. the way we live, because if we …. as we are now, our problems will increase.

2. We should encourage people to …. beaches, and not …. them.

3. We should try to …. disasters happening, not just …. them happen.

4. Unless we …. public transport, traffic jams caused by polluting cars are going to …. .

5. It would be a good idea to …. more trees, not to …. trees.

6. It is better to …. things than treat them like rubbish and …. them

7. We need to …. gas and electricity, rather than …. them.

8. People should be encouraged to protect the environment, rather than …. it.

4. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense form and voice.

1. They …. (to discuss) the questions of conservation of natural and cultural heritage in this region from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. yesterday.

2. All the different substances that pollute our water …. (to talk about) at the last lesson.

3. The number of endangered species of animals … (to grow) from year to year.

4. …. you ever …. (to hear) about ‘fly-tipping’?

5. The conference on the environmental issues …. (to plan) at the mo ment.

6. A new brochure about this Nature Reserve …. (already, to publish).

7. What species of animals …. (to include) into the Red Book recently?

8. The presentation about Sofiyivka …. (to prepare) now.

5. Put the verbs in brackets into a form of will / shall, be going to or Present Continuous.

1. Have you heard the news? Nick is going to consume organic food only.

2. Sorry to keep you waiting. I …. (not, to be) long. I …. (to find) some cloth bags to take to market with us.

3. According to my survey, ten pupils in our class …. (to trade) items of different kinds with other people in our community.

4. It’s getting colder …. I …. (to turn up) the heat or …. you ….(to put on) warmer clothes instead?

5. In 50 years’ time, most people.. (probably ride) bicycles to work.

6. My family …. (to use) only compact fluorescent bulbs this year.

7. Look! They …. (to air-dry) their clothes. Thus, they can save some electricity. What a great example to follow!

6. Read the article from a magazine and fill in the gaps with the verbs from the box.

• have • trade • fills • carries • collect • is • opens • ‘spend’ • gather • ‘save up’ • waiting • combines • bring • keep •

Recycling Project for Children:

Teaching children the value of a clean environment

The White Shark Projects Swop Shop - helping children to help themselves

One of our most recent projects (1) …. the White Shark Projects Swop Shop. It (2) …. conservation, social improvement and education in a unique way. The children (3) …. bottles, tins, plastics and other recyclable things and (4) …. them in bags to the White Shark ‘Swop Shop’. In return, they (5) …. buying points that they (6) …. in the shop. The shop (7) …. at two on Tuesday afternoons, but the children (8) …. long before that, lining up and (9) …. chatter (10) …. the air as they (11) …. their turn to trade in their points for something from the Swop Shop. For example, one bag of tins might be traded for a bar of soap, two might be worth a pencil, four a second-hand T-shirt and so on. Or the children can (12) …. for something more expensive like a toy they (13) …. their eye on. The shop (14) …. only worthwhile stock such as stationery, simple clothing, and food basics, and relies completely on donations.

7. Speak in class. Express your point of view on the project described in Ex. 6. What do the children learn to do as the result of it?

Example:

In this way, the children learn valuable lessons about caring for their environment: they learn that it’s important to recycle resources and at the same time, they learn to care for their environment by picking up litter. Not only does their village look nicer, but they also earn something through this care. Conservation, they see, has many values. The underlying vision of the Swop Shop is to help the children grow into self-sufficient, and contributing adults. The children are encouraged to use what they have around them, so that they should see that in small ways, they can improve their lives.

8. Write about your school environmental project. If you haven’t done any, write a letter to your school Headmaster about the environmental project you’d like to suggest.

Left Assessment

Think of your records. Decide how well you know it.

4 = very well, 3 = OK, 2 = a little, 1 = needs to improve.





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