Підручник Англійська мова (9-й рік навчання) - Алла Несвіт - Генеза 2017 рік
Unit 4 Science Magic
Lessons 3-4. Keep In Touch!
1. Work in pairs. Take turns to ask and answer the questions. Add information.
A: Do you enjoy talking on the telephone?
B: Not much. I make very few telephone calls a day. I’d rather write to people or see them. How about you?
A: I love talking on the phone, especially a mobile phone. I think of a phone call as a visit.
• Do you enjoy talking on the phone? How many calls a day do you make (no more than two, three to five, more than five)?
• Do you have a mobile phone? What is the best thing about a mobile phone? What is the worst thing about it?
• Are most of your calls for business or for pleasure?
• Do you have an answering machine? Do you ever screen calls (listen to the machine before answering)?
2. The article you are going to read mentions several different inventions. Look through the article quickly (Ex. 3) find them and make a list. Say what you know about them.
3. You are going to read an article about mobile phones. Choose the most suitable heading from the list (A-F) for each part of the article (1-4). There is one extra heading which you don’t need to use. There is the example (0) at the beginning.
A How does it vary?
B What idea(s) and inventions had to be developed before it could be created?
C Who invented it?
D How has it changed the world?
E What does it do?
F Why do we need it?
The invention of a mobile phone, or a cell phone as it’s alternately called, is credited to Dr Martin Cooper at Motorola. He made the first successful call over the system on April 3, 1973.
A mobile phone allows you to use telephone service from almost anywhere. A portable or cordless phone allows you to talk wirelessly but the receiver is still connected to the same land line. A mobile phone allows you more range and allows you to communicate much further from virtually anywhere in the city, country, or world. You have the ability to make a telephone call or receive one wherever you happen to be with your mobile phone.
Mobile phones come in many different configurations. Most are about the size of a candy bar, have a display and a keypad. Some configurations come with a flip that opens up to show the display and the keypad, thereby keeping it protected. Cell phones are available big and small, simple and complex. Some just make simple phone calls; others have tiny cameras, MP3 players, digital organizers built into them. Some of the newer models can even allow you to use the Internet over them, browse various services such as news, or movie listings. New models are always being introduced. New fashions, new technology, more features, cheaper cost, better performance keep the market place filled with plenty of choices.
The mobile phone has radically changed the world since its introduction in 1973. With each year more and more people own one. Most families typically have two or three. The ability to easily communicate to anyone, anywhere, is a powerful concept. This was true when the telegraph was first invented, and then taken to a new level with the advent of the telephone. The mobile phone is just the next extension of that technology.
Since the mobile phone is a combination of a telephone and a radio, these two devices are the building blocks upon which the mobile phone was developed. In addition, tiny computers (microprocessors) are needed to control the radio and its connection to the nearest base station. The telephone was invented by Alexander Graham Bell in 1876. The radio was invented by Guglielmo Marconi in 1896. The microprocessor was invented by Gary Boone in 1971.
4. Look through the text given above and explain what the highlighted words mean from the context. If you have any difficulties, consult the dictionary.
• to credit to somebody • portable • a receiver • a configuration • a display • a flip • a keypad • tiny • a digital organizer • to browse • the advent • an extension • a device • a building block •
5. Find a word or phrase in the article that has a similar meaning to each of these words and phrases. Read the sentences with them.
1. A mobile phone - …. .
2. A form - …. .
3. A screen - …. .
4. To speak to - …. .
5. To design - …. .
6. To have - …. .
7. To look through - …. .
8. A machine - …. .
6. Read the text of Ex. 3 and choose the correct item to complete the sentences.
1. The invention of a mobile phone is credited to Dr Martin Cooper at …. .
2. A mobile phone allows you more range and allows you to communicate much further from virtually anywhere ….. .
a) in the place where you live
b) in the country you live in
c) in the city, country, or world
3. New fashions, new technology, more features, cheaper cost, better performance keep the market place filled with …. .
a) plenty of choices
b) poor choices
c) very expensive models
4. The mobile phone the world since its introduction in 1973.
a) hasn’t radically changed
b) has radically changed
c) is trying to radically change
5. The mobile phone is just …. .
a) the first step in the development of modern technology
b) a new invention
c) the next extension of the previously developed technology
6. The mobile phone was developed from …. .
a) a computer
b) a telephone and a radio
c) a telephone and a computer
Talking Over the Telephone
Hello!/Hi! This is … speaking.
Is Mary in?
May I speak to…, please?
I was wondering if you could help me?
Please tell him/her I called.
Sorry. I must have called the wrong number.
Good talking to you.
Could you please give me a ring…?
Can I take/leave a message for…?
I’ll give you a ring in a week.
7. a) Work in pairs. Read and complete the telephone conversations. Use the necessary words and phrases from the box on p. 100. Then listen and check your answers. b) Act out the conversations you get.
Betsy: (1) …. !
Ann: Hi, is Betsy (2) ….?
Ann: Oh, right, hi! My (3) …. ’s Ann. I’m a friend of Jane. My elder brother, Jane and I go to the (4) …. to learn English.
Betsy: Oh, OK. She (5) …. me about you. How are you?
Ann: Fine, thanks.
Betsy: And how’s Jane?
Ann: Oh great. She told me to (6) …. hello. Anyway, I was wondering (7) ….
Betsy: I’ll try.
A: Good afternoon, Mrs Phelps! This is Jack (8) …. Is Tom (9) …. ?
B: No, he isn’t. Tom is out at the moment. Do you want (10) …. for him?
A: Please, tell him, (11) …. .
A: Thank you. (12) …. .
A: (13) …. !
B: Hi! May I (14) …. ?
A: Steve doesn’t live here.
B: Sorry. I must have called (15) …. .
8. Work in pairs. Read and act out the telephone conversations. Use the phrases from the box on p. 100.
Student A. You are having a birthday party soon. Phone your friend and invite him/her for a party in a bowling club. Tell him/her when and where the party is, if there is any dress code, etc. Discuss the meeting place and time.
Student B. Your friend is inviting you for a birthday party. This is the time when a friend of yours from another town is staying with you. Ask if you can take your friend with you. Get more specific information you need to know (the meeting time and place, a dress code, etc.).
Student A. Your brother’s/sister’s friend is calling to your house, but, unfortunately, your brother/sister isn’t in. Talk to a person calling. Ask him/her to leave a message to your brother/sister or phone again in an hour.
Student B. You’re calling to your friend, but, unfortunately, he/she isn’t in. You’re talking to his/her brother/sister. Introduce yourself. Leave a message and ask your friend to give you a call when he/she is back home.
9. Many people think that mobile phones aren’t really important tools for teenagers; they are just expensive “toys” that teenagers use for fun and nothing more. What do you think?
Write an article to a school newspaper in which you express your point of view on the subject. Use the following questions as a plan:
• Do you have a mobile phone or would you like to have one?
• When and why do you use (are going to use) your mobile phone?
• What are the advantages and disadvantages of having a mobile phone?
This is the title of your article:
Mobile Phones: Are They Expensive Toys?