Підручник Англійська мова (9-й рік навчання) - Алла Несвіт - Генеза 2017 рік
Unit 5 Anazing Britain
In this unit you will:
Listen, read and talk about…
the World Heritage Sites in the UK
the cities of the UK
Learn how to…
listen for details using key words to extract some specific information
listen for and identify relevant information from presentations
ask questions to obtain specific information
Lessons 1-2 Capital Cities
1. Look at the photos. Can you name any of these places? What do you know about them?
a heritage • a convention • a site • the mankind • a landmark • to inscribe • to launch • to exist •
b) Match the words (1-8) with their definitions (a-h).
a) a building or a place that is very important because of its history, and that should be preserved;
2. A convention
b) to be real; to be present in a place or situation; to live;
3. A site
c) to write or cut words, your name, etc. onto something;
d) the history, traditions and qualities that a country or society has had for many years and that are considered an important part of its character;
5. A landmark
e) to start an activity, especially an organized one;
6. To inscribe
f) an official agreement between countries or leaders;
7. To launch
g) all humans, thought about as one large group; the human race;
8. To exist
h) a place where a building, town, etc. was, is, or will be located.
c) Complete the sentences with the words from Ex. 2 in the correct form.
1. According to the Celtic legend, the place was the burial …. of an cient kings.
2. The team’s name is… on the base of the trophy.
3. One of the Belfast’s most famous …. the Grosvenor Hall, has been visited by my friends.
4. We discussed the articles from the European …. on human rights.
5. Opportunities ….. for our school club to gain sponsorship for a school museum.
6. These beautiful old buildings are part of our national …. .
7. The exhibition tells the visitors about the most important events in the history of …. .
8. In 2002, a scheme was …. to promote and encourage interest in conserving the area.
3. Listen to the radio programme about the World Heritage Sites. Complete the sentences.
1. The World Heritage Convention was established …. .
2. The abbreviation UNESCO stands for …. .
3. The World Heritage List set up by the Convention includes …. .
4. The World Heritage Sites* are … .
5. In 2007, there were …. of them, including …. in the UK and over seas territories.
6. The famous British landmarks included in the list are …. .
7. The famous Ukrainian landmarks included in the list are …. .
8. The emblem means …. .
4. Read the dialogue and say what project the children have decided to launch in their school.
Andriy: Hi, Olia! Any news from our partner school in Great Britain?
Olia: Hello, Andriy! We got a letter from them yesterday. They have launched the UNESCO World Heritage Project in their school and invite us to participate in it, too.
Andriy: I’ve heard about UNESCO. The abbreviation stands for the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. It promotes international co-operation among the countries in the fields of education, science, culture and communication. Am I right?
Olia: Yes, you are right.
Andriy: What sites have they chosen for their project?
Olia: They have decided to write about the sites in Ukraine and we have to choose the sites from the UK.
Andriy: Oh, I see. The project will help us know both countries better.
Olia: This is what the projects exist after all. They help us learn more about the world and people who live in it.
5. Read and say if the statements are true or false.
1. Olia got an email from their partner school in Great Britain.
2. They have launched the UNESCO World Heritage Project in their school.
3. They invite pupils of Olia’s school to visit Great Britain.
4. British pupils will write about the sites in Ukraine.
5. Andriy doesn’t know anything about UNESCO.
6. Projects help the children learn more about the world and people who live in it.
6. a) You are going to read the texts about famous landmarks. Before you read consult the dictionary to know the meaning of the new words.
• a ford • a henge • a venue • refurbishment • to revolve • to revolt • a regimental museum •
b) Complete the following sentences with the words and phrases from the Vocabulary File given above.
1. …. is a museum, the exhibits of which are connected with a particular regiment (a large group) of soldiers.
2. …. is a place where people meet for an organized event, a concert, a sporting event or a conference.
3. …. means to rebel, to take violent actions against the people in power.
4. …. is to move around something in a circle.
5. …. is a process of cleaning and decorating a room (building), etc. in order to make it more attractive or useful.
6. …. is a shallow place in a river where it is possible to drive or walk across.
7. …. is a circle of large vertical wooden or stone objects built in prehistoric times.
7. a) Work in two groups.
Group A reads about Belfast Castle.
Group B reads about Cardiff Castle. Answer the questions as you read.
b) Work with a partner from another group. Compare your answers and exchange information.
1. Where is the castle situated?
2. When was it built?
3. What is the castle famous for?
4. Is the castle open to the public?
On the eastern side of Northern Ireland’s coast, at the mouth of the River Lagan, lies the City of Belfast. Belfast means ‘a mouth of the sandy ford’. Belfast has been known since the Bronze Age. A 5,000-year-old henge called ‘the Giant’s Ring’ is located near the City, and the remains of the Iron Age forts can be found on the hills surrounding the City.
Belfast remained of little importance until the Middle Ages when the Norman Knight named ‘John De Courcy’ arrived in Belfast in 1177 and decided to build a castle on the steep slopes of Cave Hill, some 400 ft above sea level.
Around 1611 Belfast Castle was given to Sir Arthur Chichester by the King James I. He rebuilt it, and a small town soon began to grow nearby. By the early 17th century Belfast had a population of around 1,000 people and it was a busy place.
In 1708 the Belfast Castle burnt down. The castle that stands today was completed in 1870.
After World War II the castle became a popular venue for wedding receptions, dances and afternoon teas. In 1978 Belfast City Council instituted a major refurbishment programme that continued over a period of ten years.
Belfast Castle is a magnificent sandstone building, now managed by Belfast City Council. It has close associations with the city’s past. Its sense of history, the superb setting and the new visitor centre makes Belfast Castle a ‘must’ for every tourist.
The castle hosts an antique shop, a restaurant and a visitor centre and it is a popular venue for conferences and private dining.
Public tours are held at various times throughout the year.
Cardiff is the capital and most populated city in Wales. It is the eleventh-largest city in the United Kingdom. As well as being the political capital, it is Wales’ centre for business, education, sport, tourism, culture, media and government. The population of the city is 317,500 people.
Cardiff Castle is one of Wales’ leading heritage attractions and a site of international significance. Located at the heart of the capital, within beautiful parklands, the Castle’s walls and fairytale towers conceal 2,000 years of history.
The Romans built the earliest settlement at Cardiff in the mid-first century A.D. They constructed a fort on the spot where the castle now rests. During the Norman invasion of the 11thcentury, in about 1091, it was rebuilt into a typically Norman fortress.
Much of Cardiff Castle’s history revolves around conflicts with the native population. In 1183-1184 the Welsh revolted, and caused much damage to the castle and its associated town. There were a lot of conflicts and rebellions, during which the castle passed from one owner to another.
Only in 1947, Cardiff Castle was turned over to the care and trust of the people of the city, and Cardiff City Council maintains the site in an outstanding condition. It is now a popular tourist attraction, where you can visit a regimental museum, the ruins of the old castle and the Victorian reconstruction.
The castle has hosted a number of rock concerts and performances.
Cardiff Castle plays host to Cardiff University’s Summer Ball each year, and Wales’ largest Mardi Gras held every August.
Cardiff Castle is open to the public, for a fee, on most days. It is a remarkable place and a ‘must’ for every visitor of Cardiff.
8. Work in pairs. Discuss the following questions.
1. What do Belfast Castle and Cardiff Castle have in common?
2. Why is it interesting for people to visit these castles?
9. Read and say what city it is: Belfast or Cardiff.
1. This town has been known since the Bronze Age.
2. The Romans built the earliest settlement there in the mid-first century A.D.
3. This castle was built in 1177 on the steep slopes of Cave Hill.
4. In 1708 this castle burnt down.
5. There were a lot of conflicts and rebellions, during which the castle passed from one owner to another.
6. The castle has hosted a number of rock concerts and performances.
b) Choose the correct items to complete the sentences.
1. The style of the postcard is formal/informal.
2. The sentences are short/long.
3. The information is/isn’t easy to understand.
4. The authors use/don’t use exclamations to show their excitement about the trip.
11. Read and say if the statements are true or false.
1. The children are greatly impressed by Scotland.
2. The coach journey to their hotel only took half an hour.
3. The atmosphere is welcoming and friendly.
4. They are going on a trip to Edinburgh Castle tomorrow.
12. a) Read the information. Say how the postcard is different from a usual letter.
How to Write a Vacation Postcard
In the era of the Internet, many people have lost touch with the basic art of letter writing. Sometimes we travel to locations that don’t have the Internet connection and an email is no longer an option. The digital revolution has left a few gaps and a basic postcard writing is one of them.
These simple steps given below refresh your memory on how to send a hand-written note to your family and friends when on vacation.
The style of your writing is usually going to be very informal. People often use incomplete sentences that still make sense just so they can fit more into the available space. This style has been adapted today and used when sending text messages. Paragraphs, too, tend to be disregarded in order to conserve more space.
Step 1. Write the day’s date in the top right-hand corner of the left section of the postcard.
Step 2. Write the address of your current location in the top right-hand corner of the left section of the postcard. The address should consist of the town and state or town and country, unless, of course, you are expecting a reply back from your postcard.
Step 3. Write the greeting under the date. A simple greeting like “Dear Joe” is sufficient.
Step 4. Compose the body of the postcard. Traditionally, this section includes information about your journey, the weather, and the places you’ve visited, etc.
Step 5. Sign the postcard below the body on the right hand side of the left section of the postcard.
Step 6. Place name and mailing address of the person you are writing to in the centre of the right-hand section of the postcard. Remember to include your full name, zip code and country, especially when writing from overseas.
Step 7. Stick a stamp on the top right hand corner of the right section of the postcard and mail. Check local rates to ensure your postcard arrives.
b) Answer the questions.
1. How do you communicate with your friends and relatives when you are away on holidays?
2. Do you send postcards? On what occasions do you? Are these traditional postcards or e-postcards?
3. What do you have to keep in mind when writing a traditional postcard?
13. You are in Great Britain. You’ve decided to send a postcard to your Ukrainian friend, Galyna/Oles, with the sites of the place you’ve visited.
Write brief information about the place. Include the following points:
• say where you are;
• name the site in the picture;
• give a brief description of it;
• say ‘Best regards’ to your relatives.