Підручник Англійська мова (9-й рік навчання) - Алла Несвіт - Генеза 2017 рік
Unit 5 Anazing Britain
Lessons 5-6. The Giant's Causeway
1. Look at the photos of the Giant’s Causeway. What do you think: is it created by people or nature? Exchange your opinions.
The Giant s Causeway
2. You are going to read the text about a famous landmark of Northern Ireland. Say what makes it such a special place.
The Giant’s Causeway1
What Is It?
The Giant’s Causeway is Northern Ireland’s most famous landmark. It has been an official UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1986. Formed between 50 and 60 million years ago by volcanic activity, the ‘causeway’ draws people from far and wide to this corner of the North Antrim. This unique place occupies approximately 70 ha of land and 160 ha of sea. It is made up of some 40,000 massive hexagonal black basalt columns which are packed tightly together and stick out of the sea. Some of the columns have four, five, seven and eight sides. The tops of the columns form stepping stones that lead from the cliff foot and disappear under the sea.
What Does the Legend Say?
The legend goes that the mythical Irish giant Finn MacCool built the causeway to get to Scotland and battle with the giant called Benandonner. When he got there, he found that the Scottish giant was asleep but also far bigger than himself, so Finn returned back across the causeway. When Benandonner woke up, he came across the causeway and was intent on fighting Finn. Finn’s wife dressed up her husband as a baby. So when Benandonner arrived she said Finn wasn’t at home. She also asked the giant to be quiet not to wake up the baby. When Benandonner saw the baby he decided that if the baby was that big, Finn must be massive. So he turned tail and fled back across the causeway ripping it up as he went. All that remains are the ends, here at the Giant’s Causeway and on the island of Staffa in Scotland where similar formations are found.
A Wonder of the World?
In the past the causeway became widely known as the “The Eighth Wonder of the World” when large numbers of visitors came to view it from the 1700s. Perhaps now there is a chance it could be officially recognised as such a wonder.
In 2008 the Giant’s Causeway was nominated one of the world’s seven natural wonders.
3. Look through the text of Ex. 2. Explain the meaning of the highlighted words from the context. If you have any difficulties, consult your dictionary.
a causeway • from far and wide • hexagonal • to stick out of • a cliff foot • to battle • to flee (fled) back • to rip up • to be recognised for • to announce • to launch • to ballot •
1 The Giant’s Causeway - Стежка Велетня.
4. Read the definitions and match them to the words and phrases from the Vocabulary File.
1. The base or the lowest part of the rock (cliff).
2. To leave a person or a place very quickly, because you are afraid of a possible danger.
3. A raised road or a path across water or the wet ground.
4. To tell people something officially, especially about a decision, plans.
5. The same as ‘from all the corners of the country.’
6. To vote secretly for something.
7. Having six straight sides and six angles.
8. To tear something into small pieces.
9. To be acknowledged or thought of as very good or important by people.
10. To be further out of the surface.
11. To try very hard to achieve something that is difficult or dangerous.
12. To start something, usually something big or important.
5. Choose the correct item to complete the sentences.
1. The Giant’s Causeway is Northern Ireland’s …. .
b) most famous landmark
c) most picturesque place
2. The Giant’s Causeway was formed between 50 and 60 million years ago by …. .
a) a flood
b) an earthquake
c) volcanic activity
3. The legend goes that a mythical Irish giant Finn MacCool built to get to Scotland …. .
a) the causeway
b) the road
c) a ship
4. When Benandonner woke up, he came across the causeway and was intent on …. .
a) having breakfast with Finn’s family
b) admiring the beauty of the sea
c) fighting Finn
5. When Benandonner arrived Finn’s wife said …. .
a) he wasn’t at home
b) they didn’t expect him to come
c) her husband was busy
6. In 2008 the Giant’s Causeway was nominated …. .
a) the most picturesque site of the world
b) one of the world’s seven natural wonders
c) for Oscar
6. Work in pairs. Act out a dialogue between the Scottish giant and MacCool’s wife.
7. Write the following sentences using the gerund.
1. We could go to the museum. - She suggested …. .
2. We will see the Giant’s Causeway in Northern Ireland. - We are looking forward to …. .
3. Let’s go sightseeing around Edinburgh. - They prefer …. .
4. Can you wait for a guide for a few minutes? - The tourists don’t mind …. .
5. Our excursion will begin in some minutes. - The tourists are looking forward to …. .
6. I admired the view of Belfast Castle. - I couldn’t help ….. .
8. Write the correct form of the verb.
1. He didn’t expect …. (to see) Steve there.
2. I can’t keep …. (to walk) - I’m too tired.
3. I promise …. (to take) her on a trip to Scotland.
4. She thought of …. (to send) a postcard from the Houses of Parliament.
5. Our family has decided …. (to visit) our friends in England.
6. Mark refused …. (to show) his project me.
7. Imagine …. (to travel) around Great Britain. What places would you like to see?
8. He can’t stand …. (to visit) crowded places.
9. Read and act out the situation.
The pupils of your partner school in Great Britain have just come to visit Ukraine. Ask them about the most famous landmarks of their country. Be ready to answer their questions about the sites of Ukraine. Make short dialogues and present them in class.
10. After your summer holidays in Northern Ireland, you’re asked to write about your experience. Write an article of about 120-150 words to your school magazine. Include the following points:
• time, place and duration of visit;
• sites and excursions;
• the Irish people.
The title of the article is:
My Holidays in Northern Ireland