Підручник Англійська мова (9-й рік навчання) - Алла Несвіт - Генеза 2017 рік

Unit 5 Anazing Britain

Lesson 7. Stonehenge - Forever a Mystery

1. Work in pairs. Look at the photos of Stonehenge. What do you know about this place? Can you explain what it was made for? Share your opinions.

2. You are going to read an article about one of the most famous landmarks of Great Britain. Some sentences or phrases have been removed from it. First read the text quickly, ignoring the gaps. Explain the main idea of it. Then fill in the gaps (1-6) with the sentences or phrases (A-F) to complete the text.

A the name Stonehenge originates from the Anglo-Saxon period

B in 1986 for their outstanding prehistoric monuments

C what drew people here over the centuries

D that the mystical stone circle was built by the Druids to mark her tomb

E we will probably never know its full significance

F One of the most popular modern alternative explanations for Stonehenge

Stonehenge — Forever a Mystery General Overview

The great and ancient stone circle of Stonehenge is one of the wonders of the world. It’s thought that (1) …. - the old English word ‘henge’ meaning ‘the hang ing stones’. There is nothing quite like Stonehenge anywhere in the world and for 5.000 years it has drawn visitors to it. We shall never know (2) …. or why hundreds of people struggled over thousands of years to build this monument (the heaviest of the stones weighs probably about 45 tons), but visitors from all over the world (over 850,000 people a year) come to marvel at this amazing feat of engineering.

Myths and Legends

Although great strides have been made in our understanding of the original purpose of Stonehenge (3), … . The aura of mystery has helped to generate many myths and legends about the monument. As a speculation has gone on over the centuries, a whole host of colourful stories has arisen - and the search for explanations is still going strong today.

In the Roman period, it was believed that the British rebel Queen Boudicca had been buried at Stonehenge, and (4) …. .

Geoffrey of Monmouth, writing in the 12th century A.D., retells the story that the legendary wizard Merlin commanded an Irish monument called the Giant’s Dance to be transported all the way to Salisbury Plain.

(5) …. . is that it was built by xtra-terrestria visitors in ancient times.

Why Stonehenge is a World Heritage Site

Stonehenge and Avebury were inscribed on the World Heritage List (6) …. .At Stonehenge, the unparalleled stone circle (3000 B.C.-1600 B.C.) is surrounded by a ceremonial landscape comprising more than 300 burial mounds and major prehistoric monuments such as the Stonehenge Avenue, the Cursus, Woodhenge and Durrington Walls.

3. Look through the text of Ex. 2 and explain the meaning of the highlighted words from the context. If you have any difficulties, consult the dictionary.

Vocabulary File

• to marvel • stride • speculation • host • tomb • unparalleled • comprising • mounds •

4. Match the words (1-9) with their definitions (a-i).

1. To marvel

a) 1) a large number of people or things;

2) a person who invites guests to a meal (party);

2. A stride

b) a large grave, built of stone above or below the ground;

3. A speculation

c) being the parts that form something;

4. A host

d) to be very surprised or impressed by something;

5. A tomb

e) connected with life existing outside the Earth;

6. Unparalleled

f) a large pile of earth or stones; a small hill;

7. Comprising

g) one long step;

8. Mounds

h) used to emphasize that something is bigger, better or worse than anything else like it;

9. Extra-terrestrial

i) the act of forming opinions about what has happened or what might happen without knowing all the facts.

5. Find the synonyms to the words in the text of Ex. 2.

1. To wonder - …. .

2. To struggle - …. .

3. A stride - …. .

4. Amazing - …. .

5. An alien - …. .

Conversation Lab

6. Say what you have learnt about the famous landmarks of Great Britain. Make a short report (about 10 sentences) about the site which impressed you most of all. Present it in class.

7. You were staying in England for some weeks at your friend’s house. Now you have just returned home and have decided to write ‘a thank you’ letter to the family.'

Write a letter of 50-100 words including the following:

• say ‘thank you’ again;

• praise English food;

• praise their hospitality.

Begin your letter like this:

Dear Margaret/James,

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