Підручник Англійська мова (9-й рік навчання) - Алла Несвіт - Генеза 2017 рік
Unit 5 Anazing Britain
Lesson 9. Test Your Skills
1. Read the text about Cambridge. Fill in the gaps with the gerunds.
Tourists from all over the world enjoy (1) …. (to come) to the city of Cambridge, which is a university town and the administrative centre of the county of Cambridgeshire, England. It lies about 80 km north of London. The city’s population is about 110,000 (including 22,000 students).
Cambridge got its name after the River Cam. The first major development of the area began with the Roman invasion of Britain in about 40 A.D. Such traces of the Roman invasion as roads and walls can be seen in the area even today. Cambridge had a favourable military position due to Castle Hill from which it was possible to defend the River Cam. William the Conqueror built a castle on Castle Hill in 1068.
The University of Cambridge was founded by the students who escaped from hostile townspeople in Oxford. This happened in 1209. The oldest college that still exists, Peterhouse, was founded in 1284. One of the most impressive buildings in Cambridge, King’s College Chapel, was begun in 1446 by King Henry VI. The project was completed in 1515 during the reign of King Henry VIII. Despite (2) …. (to have) a university, Cam
bridge was not granted its city charter until 1951.
The rapid development of the town started in 1845 when the railway was built there. The possibility of quick access to London made (3) …. (to travel) to Cambridge easier and did not distract students from their work so much. (4) …. (to sightsee) in Cambridge includes: the University of Cambridge, where you can see the renowned Cavendish Laboratory, King’s College Chapel, and the Cambridge University Library. Tourists can’t help (5) …. (to admire) the beauty of these places. Cambridge is worth (6)…. (to visit).
2. Read the texts about the famous British cities (1-4) and match them to the photos (A-D) on p. 139.
1. It is the largest city in Scotland. The city is situated on the River Clyde in the country’s west central lowlands. A person from this city is known as a Glaswegian, which is also the name of the local dialect. In the 17th century the city was the centre of trading with Americas. In the 19th-20th centuries the city and surrounding region grew to become one of the world’s centres of engineering and shipbuilding. It was known as the “Second City of the British Empire" for much of the Victorian era. Today it is one of Europe’s top twenty financial centres and is the home to many of Scotland’s leading businesses.
2. It is a town on the south coast of England. It developed as a health resort during the 18th century and became a destination for holidaymakers after the arrival of the railway in 1841. The city experienced rapid population growth reaching a peak of over 160,000 by 1961. Eight million tourists a year visit it. The town also has a substantial business conference industry. It has two universities and a medical school. It is also famous for a drive of old cars from London.
3. It s a city which has a population of 435,500. Historically it got the status of the city and developed as a major port. By the early 19th century, 40 % of the world’s trade passed through its docks. The status of this city as a port city has contributed to its diverse population, which draws from a wide range of peoples, cultures, and religions. The popularity of The Beatles in the 1960s made it a tourist destination; tourism forms a significant part of the city’s modern economy. In 2007 the city celebrated its 800th ^anniversary, and in 2008 it was named the European Capital of Culture title.
4. Founded by the Romans as a thermal spa, this city became an important centre of the wool industry in the Middle Ages. In the 18th century, under George III, it developed into an elegant town with neoclassical buildings, which blend harmoniously with the Roman baths.
The Roman remains, the baths complex (based around the hot springs) are amongst the most famous and important Roman remains north of the Alps, which marked the beginning of its history as a spa town. The city is included into The World Heritage List.
3. You’ve read about the cities of Great Britain (Ex. 2). Which cities do the sentences given below refer to? Fill in the information about them. There are two extra sentences. Can you guess what cities they are about?
1. The largest city of …. , one of the world’s centres of engineering and shipbuilding.
2. The city with a diverse population, a big …. , which is called the European …. in 2008.
3. The capital of …. Its main attractions are the Tower, Buckingham Palace, the Houses of Parliament, …. .
4. The town, famous for its thermal springs and the Roman baths. It is rich in historic monuments.
5. A resort town in …. of England, famous for a …. drive of old cars.
6. The capital of …. It is famous for its castle, ghosts and art festivals.
4. Listen to Miss Alison talking about Oxford. Read and choose the correct item to complete the sentences.
1. Oxford is the home to …. .
a) all the students of the world
b) famous scientists
c) the University of Oxford, the oldest university in the English speaking world
2. In the 10th century Oxford became …. .
a) a famous market place
b) an important military frontier town
c) a university town
3. King Henry II granted the citizens of Oxford …. .
a) the same privileges as those enjoyed by the capital of the kingdom
b) the right to be chosen to the Parliament
c) the privileges of the university town
4. In 1840 Oxford was connected with London …. .
a) by the road
b) by the railway
c) by the telephone line
5. Nowadays as well as being a university city Oxford is …. .
a) a scientific centre
b) a shopping centre
c) an extraordinary tourist sight
6. The University of Oxford Botanical Garden is…… in Great Britain …. .
a) the most beautiful place
b) the oldest botanical garden
c) the best attraction for tourists
5. Work in small groups. Talk about the university towns of Cambridge and Oxford. Use the questions given below as a plan.
1. Where are the towns situated?
2. What is their population?
3. When were the towns first mentioned?
4. What historic events influenced the development of the towns?
5. What sites attract tourists in these towns?
6. You’ve just returned from your school trip, which you enjoyed a lot. You’re planning to invite your English friend, Alan/Elizabeth, to Ukraine and now you’ve decided to take him/her for the same trip.
Write a letter of about 100-120 words to Alan/Elizabeth including the following points:
• where you have been;
• what you have seen;
• what the weather was like;
• how you liked the food;
• what you enjoyed most about the trip;
• invite him/her to Ukraine.
Begin your letter like this:
Think of your records. Decide how well you know it.
4 = very well, 3 = OK, 2 = a little, 1 = needs to improve.