Підручник Англійська мова (9-й рік навчання) - Алла Несвіт - Генеза 2017 рік
Unit 6 Information Magic: Radio and TV
In this unit you will:
Listen read and talk about…
the role of the mass media the importance of radio and TV
your favourite radio and TV programmes
Learn how to…
predict the content of an article using the key words
an essay about your favourite TV programme
Lessons 1-2. Mass Media in Our Life
1. a) Look at the photos and say where people get to know the news from.
b) Work in pairs. Talk about the mass media. Discuss the questions. Use the word combinations from the box given below.
• to be curious about • to get a picture of • to keep informed • to be extremely interesting • to be important at the moment • sensational news • the recent events • an advertisement • interesting items •
A: Do you like watching TV?
B: Yes, I do. The TV programmes often tell the viewers about extremely interesting events around the world.
1. Do you like watching TV?
2. How often do you read the newspapers?
3. Where do you usually get to know about the recent events from?
4. What kind of news are people usually curious about?
2. You are going to read the text about the role of the mass media in our life. Work individually or in pairs. Use the dictionary and find out what the words from the Vocabulary File mean.
• the mass media • television • the radio • a tabloid • a newspaper • a broadsheet • a TV reporter • to intrude on (to meddle with) somebody’s life • to pursue • to appear • reliable information • a (plane) crash • a war • a murder • a robbery • to be guilty of something • the background information • inadequate • to assume • a thrilling sight • falsehood • to disturb the public peace • a celebrity • to appear on the screen •
3. Read the article about the role of the mass media in our life. Say how the modern mass media shape our views and influence the way we see the world.
Mass Media in Our Life
The mass media play an important part in our lives. Newspapers, radio and especially TV inform us of what is going on in this world and give us wonderful possibilities for education and entertainment. They also shape our views and influence the way we see the world. There are a lot of different TV programmes and newspapers: a quiz show, a review, a commentary, an entertainment programme on TV and a quality newspaper (a broadsheet), a tabloid, a local paper etc.
Of course, not all newspapers and TV programmes report the events objectively, but serious journalists and TV reporters try to be fair and provide us with reliable information.
It is true that the world today is full of dramatic events and most news seems to be bad news. But people aren’t interested in ordinary events. That is why there are so many programmes and articles about natural disasters, plane crashes, wars, murders and robberies. Good news doesn’t usually make headlines. Bad news does.
Some people say that journalists are given too much freedom. They often intrude on people’s private lives; they follow celebrities and print sensational stories about them, which are untrue or half-true. They take photos of them in their most intimate moments. The question is - should this be allowed? Do you remember how the paparazzi pursued Diana, Princess of Wales, to the scene of her death in Paris on August 31, 1997? Who was guilty of that accident? It is quite possible that journalists were, isn’t it?
The main source of news for millions of people is television. People like TV news because they can see everything with their own eyes. And that’s an important advantage. Seeing, as we know, is believing. Besides, it’s much more difficult for politicians to be in front of the cameras than on the pages of a newspaper. There isn’t any person in our country that hasn’t seen a TV talk show “The Black Mirror”, is there?
Still, many people prefer the radio. It’s good to listen to in the car, or in the open air, or when you do something about the house.
Newspapers do not react to events as quickly as TV, but they usually provide us with extra details, comment and background information.
The Internet has recently become another important source of information. Its main advantage is that news appears on the screen as soon as things happen in real life and you don’t have to wait for news on TV.
(Source: Kyiv Post, April, 15, 2007)
4. Read the statements about the mass media given below. Say if they are true or false according to the article of Ex. 3.
1. The mass media is an essential part of life of modern people.
2. Newspapers, radio and TV prefer to make reports, or give information about extraordinary events.
3. Sometimes newspaper’s journalists and TV or radio reporters use inadequate information and facts.
4. It’s much more difficult for politicians to be in front of the cameras than on the pages of a newspaper.
5. People say that some journalists assume the right to have an influence on other people’s lives.
6. All journalists print various stories about the famous people and don’t care about it.
7. People like to watch TV news more than listen to the radio and read newspapers because TV is a thrilling sight.
8. Politicians don’t like to take part in a quiz show or talk show on TV because of falsehood.
9. You can listen to the radio everywhere you want and you won’t disturb the public peace.
10. Newspapers, radio and TV react to events together at the same time.
11. The Internet is a new and important source of information but it doesn’t react to events as quickly as TV.
5. Match the words (1-8) with their definitions (a-h).
1. The mass media
a) new information about something that has happened recently; reports of recent events on TV, radio, newspapers;
b) a famous person;
3. A newspaper
c) facts or details about somebody or something;
4. The news
d) sources of information and news such as newspapers, magazines, radio and television, that reach and influence large numbers of people;
5. The radio
e) the system, process or business of broadcasting television programmes; a piece of electrical equipment with a screen on which you can watch programmes with moving pictures and sounds;
6. A reporter
f) a set of large printed sheets of paper containing news, articles, advertisements, etc. published every day or every week;
7. A celebrity
g) a person who collects and reports news for a newspaper, radio or television;
h) the activity of broadcasting programmes for people to listen to; the process of sending and receiving messages through the air, using electromagnetic waves.
6. Complete the sentences with the words and phrases from the Vocabulary File (see Ex. 3).
1. …. play an important part in our lives.
2. …. , …. and especially …. inform us of what is going on in this world.
3. …. is a newspaper with small pages and short articles, a lot of pictures and stories about famous people.
4. Serious journalists and …. try to be fair and prove us with reliable information.
5. Good …. doesn’t usually make headlines.
6. People say that journalists often …. on people’s private lives.
7. When something is not true it is called …. .
8. People like to watch TV news because TV is …. .
9. The reporters follow …. and print …. information about them.
10. The paparazzi …. Diana, Princess of Wales, to the scene of her death in Paris on August 31, 1997.
7. a) work individually. Write five questions based on the text of Ex. 3, p. 146. b) Work in pairs. Discuss the questions with each other. Then make a short dialogue and act it out.
8. Look at the photos and describe them. What are the people doing?
9. Listen to what people say. Match the sentences (1-4) to the speakers 1-4. Can you find the speakers on the photos to Ex. 8?
1. As I am a reporter for the newspaper I have to know all the news before they appear on the screen, so I prefer to surf the Internet and get all the necessary information.
2. I am a very busy person, you know, lessons, sports club, no free time at all, so I just listen to the radio and get all the news of a day and my favourite music.
3. We often listen to the radio but most of all we enjoy watching TV, because it shows all kinds of programmes and films to satisfy our interests.
4. Of course, I watch TV with my family, but reading the newspaper before my breakfast has become an everyday habit for me.
10. Work in pairs. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the mass media. Copy the table and complete it in your exercise book. Use the information from the text of Ex. 3 on p. 146 or your own ideas.
The Mass Media
11. a) Work in small groups. Discuss the question.
Which kind of the mass media is the most important for people and society?
b) Speak in class. Make a short presentation in class. Start like this:
To my mind, the mass media play an important part in the life of people and society. I also think (But I don’t think) that…
12. Write a short summary of the text of Ex. 3 on p. 146. Express your atti tude to the modern mass media. Include the following:
1. The importance of the mass media for society.
2. The sources of information in the modern world.
3. My personal likes and dislikes in the mass media, my attitude to them.