Підручник Англійська мова (9-й рік навчання) - Алла Несвіт - Генеза 2017 рік

Unit 6 Information Magic: Radio and TV

Lessons 3-4. Television and Radio

1. Look at the photos and answer the questions.

1. “Master-Chef: Children” 2. “Little Giants”

3. “Ukraine Has Got the Talent: Children” 4. “Voice: Children”

1. What kinds of programmes can you see on the photos?

2. Which of the programmes are popular nowadays? Which of them do you watch?

3. Are there any TV programmes that have recently become your favourite ones?

2. Read the information about radio and TV in Great Britain. Can you guess the meaning of the highlighted words from the context?

Watching television is one of the great British pastimes. Broadcasting in the United Kingdom is controlled by the BBC* (British Broadcasting Corporation) and IBA (Independent Broadcasting Authority). The BBC receives its income from the government, but the private companies controlled by the IBA earn money from advertising.

National radio is controlled by the BBC, and listeners can choose from four stations. Radio 1 is a pop music station with news and magazine-style programmes. Radio 2 plays light music and reports on sport. Radio 3 plays classical music whilst Radio 4 has news programmes, drama and general interests programmes. There are many local stations, some private and some run by the BBC. Their programmes consist mainly of music and local news.

The BBC has two TV channels. The BBC 2 has more serious programmes and news features. The IBA is responsible for looking after the regional independent TV (ITV) companies who broadcast their own programmes. There is a break for advertisements about every 15-20 minutes. The most popular independent channel is called Channel 4 and it has more specialized programmes than the main channels. In general people think the programmes offered on the British television are of a very high standard. Some people, however are becoming worried about the amount of violence on TV, and the effect it may have on young people.

3. a) Read and complete the sentences.

1. Broadcasting in the United Kingdom is controlled by …. .

2. The BBC receives its incomes from …. .

3. The private companies receive their income from …. .

4. National radio in the UK has …. stations.

5. The BBC has …. TV channels.

5. In general people think the programmes offered on the British television are …. .

b) Speak in class. Talk about television and radio in Great Britain. Compare them to those in Ukraine. What are the most popular television and radio programmes in Ukraine?

4. a) Look at the list of different kinds of programmes and read their definitions. Say which of them you usually watch or listen to. Give examples of the programmes which are broadcast on the Ukrainian TV channels. If you have difficulties with any words consult the dictionary.

A news programme is a programme that is broadcast several times a day, which tells you about the most important current events in the world.

A comedy programme is a funny programme with a lot of jokes and tricks.

A wildlife programme is a programme about animals and plants.

A show is a programme on television or the radio that is intended to be enter-taining or funny.

A game/quiz show is a show in which people play games and answer questions in order to win prizes.

A talk/chat show is a show in which famous people talk about themselves and answer the questions about their lives, opinions.

A morning/breakfast show is a show broadcast early in the morning, which includes news and conversations with famous people.

A makeover show is a show in which designers decorate someone’s house or change their garden, so that it looks completely different.

A weather forecast is a short programme that tells you what the weather will be like.

A documentary is a programme that gives you facts and information about a serious subject, such as history, science, or social problems.

A soap opera is a television or a radio story about a group of imaginary people and their lives, which is broadcast regularly for many years.

A sitcom is an amusing programme in which there is a different story each week about the same group of people.

A drama is an exciting but serious play on radio or television.

A cartoon is a film, especially a story for children, that is made by photographing a series of drawings of people, animals etc, so that they seem to move.

A reality TV is a programme that shows real people in different situations and which does not use professional actors.

A phone-in is a programme, especially on the radio, in which people telephone the programme in order to give their opinions or ask a famous person questions.

b) Look at the pictures (A-J) and match them to the TV programmes you’ve read about. Fill in the chart with the types of programmes from Ex. 4a.

Types of Television or Radio Programmes

Shows

Informative Programmes

Series

5. Look through Ex. 4a on pp. 150-151 again. Find sentences with relative clauses and write them down in your exercise book. Underline the relative clauses and state what type they are: defining or non-defining.

6. Read the text quickly, ignore the gaps. Explain what it is about and what the main ideas are. Then fill in the gaps (1-5) with the sentences or phrases (A-E) to complete the text.

A can increase their knowledge by watching documentaries and programmes on practical subjects

B Although television can entertain and educate us

C especially in the evenings after work

D Americans watch it about four hours every day

E It is not healthy for people

Is Television a Good Thing or a Bad Thing?

98 % of homes in the US have at least one television, and on average (1) …. . Television clearly plays an important part in most people’s lives, but is this a good or a bad thing? On the positive side, people use television as a way of entertaining themselves, (2) …. . After watching a soap opera or reality TV show, people often like to talk about it with their friends the next day. Television also provides an opportunity to keep up-to-date with the news, and people (3) …. such as cooking. Unfortunately, television also has many negative effects. (4) …. to spend several hours on the sofa watching the screen.

Sometimes people seem more interested in watching the TV than talking to their family. A lot of programmes, which are broadcast, are of a very poor quality.

(5) …. , we must not let it take over our lives.

(Taken from Longman Essential Activator)

7. Work In palrs. Discuss the advantages and disadvantage of television.

Use the information from the text and words and phrases from the Vocabulary File given below.

Vocabulary File

• to broadcast • to entertain • to keep up-to-date with the news • to be of a good/poor quality • to take over somebody’s lives •

8. a) Work in pairs. Read, complete and act out the dialogue. Pay attention to the sentences with the gerund.

b) Write down the dialogue and underline all examples of the gerunds.

- What do you prefer, watching TV or listening to the radio?

- As for me, … .

- Do you like watching (listening to) the news (….)?

- I don’t mind watching (listening to) the news (….), but I am fond of …. and I think such programmes are worth watching, because they show …. .

- I agree with you, that.. can be useful for those who want to get …. but sometimes I just want to …. (have fun, relax, have a little rest from lessons). Then I switch on (turn on) my television (radio) and enjoy …. .

- Yes, you have the point here. When I need some rest I don’t mind …. a sitcom (a comedy programme, a quiz show, ….).

9. Put the words in brackets into the correct tense form and voice.

Information Please

Information Please (1) …. (to be) an American radio quiz show, created by Dan Golenpaul, which (2) …. (to air) on NBC from May 17, 1938 to June 25, 1948. The series (3) …. (to moderate) by Clifton Fadiman (1904-1999). A panel of experts would attempt to answer the questions submitted by the listeners. If the panelists (4) …. (to stump), the questioner (5) …. (to earn) five dollars and a complete edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica. As the years (6) …. (to go) by, the prize money (7) …. (to increase) accordingly. Panel regulars (8) …. (to include) writer-actor-pianist Oscar Levant (1906-1972) and newspaper columnists and renowned wits and intellectuals Franklin P. Adams (18811960) and John Kieran (1892-1981). All the panelists (9) …. (to be) in a wide range of topics, though each (10) ….(to have) a specialty. Music questions (11) …. (often, to address) to Levant. Adams (12) …. (to be) well known for his mastery of poetry and Shakespeare. Kieran (13) ….. (to be) an expert in languages and botany. A typical question would have three or four parts and would require the panelists to get a majority of the questions right, lest they lose the prize money. The show would always have a fourth guest panelist, usually either a celebrity, a politician or a writer. The show (14) …. (to be) as much a comedy as a quiz show. The panelists (15) …. (to display) a quick wit in answering the questions.

(Taken from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)

10. You are studying English at a summer school in Brighton. Tonight you are celebrating your friend’s birthday in a cafe. But there is a TV programme you want to see absolutely. Read the TV Guide given below and choose the programme that you would like to see.

The TV Guide

6.00 p.m.

The Day after - American sci-fi

7.30 p.m.

Rock Circus - The story of rock and pop music from the 1950s onwards

9.00 p.m.

The Village - American horror film

10.45 p.m.

The Human Body 4: The Nervous System - English documentary

Write a note of 50-100 words to your roommate, Peter, and ask him to record it for you. Include the following points in your note:

• why you can’t stay at home tonight;

• which programme you want to be recorded;

• why you are interested in that programme.

Begin your note like this:

Introducing a TV Programme





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