Підручник Англійська мова (9-й рік навчання) - Алла Несвіт - Генеза 2017 рік

Reader

Text 3. The Great Barrier Reef

1. Answer the questions.

1. Have you ever seen corals?

2. What do you know about them?

n накопичення

v розподіляти, розташовувати

n кораловий риф, піщана мілина

n жива істота, створіння

v забезпечувати, гарантувати

adv значно, надзвичайно

n мангрове дерево

adj морський

n залишок

adj відомий

adj крихітний

adj бірюзовий

v відрізнятися, мінятися

Reading File

The Great Barrier Reef

The Great Barrier Reef consists of more than 3,400 individual reefs and 700 islands stretching a distance of 2,300 km from Torres Strait to Lady Elliot Island. With the continental shelf not far below the ocean’s surface, and washed by the warm waters of the South Pacific Ocean, the perfect environment was created for the world’s largest system of coral reefs. The conditions and water temperature are ideal for colonies of tiny coral polyps. They create this unique marine environment where the most colourful of the sea’s life forms live so close to the surface that most can be easily observed.

Beneath the turquoise tropical waters there is a world of activity as millions of tiny animals live out their lives building the reef. Corals are among the most beautiful of marine organisms. When they colonise a site, they develop the colours and complex structures for which the reef is renowned. Corals are simple, primitive organisms that have lived in tropical seas for about 500 million years.

While the size, shape and colour of coral formations vary immensely, they are all the work of one type of creature. Just as beautiful as the coral of the reef are the plants and animals that live there. About 1,500 species of fish are known to live in the reef region, and a half of them may be seen on a single reef.

The islands of the reef are of two main types: ‘low islands’ and ‘continental islands’. Low islands are the coral cays formed by the accumulation of sand and coral parts. Examples are Green Island and Heron Island. Continental islands are the remnants of the mainland that have been cut off by the changes in the sea level, and some lie quite close to the coast and rise from the water. Most have coral reefs around and are thickly vegetated. The shorelines of some continental islands have white sandy beaches and others are bordered by mangroves. The islands of the Whitsunday Group are among these continental islands.

The waters of the Great Barrier Reef were declared the Marine Park in 1975, helping to maintain and conserve a unique and particularly beautiful natural wonder. The Marine Park Authority limits human activity on the reef and allocates areas for a specific range of activities. This careful management of one of the wonders of the world will ensure it will be here for future generations to enjoy.

(Taken from Around Australia by Evon and Peter Anderson)

Building Up Vocabulary

2. Match the words and phrases (1-8) with their definitions (a-h).

1. Tiny

a) very much, extremely;

2. Coral

b) to be different from each other in size, shape etc.;

3. Renowned

c) a living thing, real or imaginary, that can move around;

4. Immensely

d) to give something officially to somebody or something for a particular purpose;

5. To vary

e) a tropical tree that grows in mud or near the rivers and has roots that are above the ground;

6. A creature

f) a hard substance that is red, pink or white in colour, and that forms on the bottom of the sea from the bones of very small creatures;

7. A mangrove

g) very small in size;

8. To allocate

h) famous and respected.

3. Choose the correct words from the text to complete the sentences.

1. The conditions and water temperature are ideal for colonies of …. coral polyps.

2. Corals are among the most beautiful of …. organisms.

3. They develop the colours and complex structures for which the reef is …. .

4. While the size, shape and colour of coral formations …., …. they are all the work of one type of …. .

5. Low islands are the coral….. formed by …. of sand and coral parts.

6. Continental islands are …. of the mainland that have been cut off by the changes in the sea level.

7. The Marine Park Authority limits human activity on the reef and …. areas for a specific range of activities.

Find the words in the story to talk about:

• the world’s largest system of coral reefs;

• types of coral islands;

• the Marine Park.

Comprehension Check

5. Work in pairs. Discuss the questions.

1. How many reefs and islands does the Great Barrier Reef consist of?

2. What conditions are ideal for colonies of tiny coral polyps?

3. What are the main types of the islands of the reef?

4. What is the Marine Park?

Choose the correct item to complete the sentences.

1. With the continental shelf not far below the ocean’s surface, and washed by the warm waters of the South Pacific Ocean, the perfect environment was created for …. .

a) the sea life forms

b) the plants and animals that live there

c) the world’s largest system of coral reefs

2. Beneath the turquoise tropical waters there is a world of activity as …. live out their lives building the reef.

a) thousands of sea fish

b) millions of tiny animals

c) hundreds of jellyfish

3. When corals colonise a site, they develop …. for which the reef is renowned.

a) the colours and complex structures

b) the colourful islands

c) the stone structures

4. Just as beautiful as the coral of the reef are …. .

a) the stones and shells that can be found there

b) the plants and animals that live there

c) the trees and flowers that grow there

5. Low islands are the coral cays formed by the accumulation of …. .

a) sand and coral parts

b) stones and fish bones

c) sand and shells

6. Continental islands are …. that have been cut off by the changes in the sea level.

a) the small islands

b) the remnants of the mainland

c) the coral cays

7. The shorelines of some continental islands have …. and others are bordered by mangroves.

a) turquoise lagoons

b) white sandy beaches

c) rainforests

8. The waters of the Great Barrier Reef were declared the Marine Park …. .

a) at the end of the 20th century

b) after World War II

c) in 1975

Reading and Thinking

7. Complete the statement.

The text is about …. .

a) the beauty of the ocean

b) sea fish

c) the Great Barrier Reef

8. Read and say if the statements are true or false.

1. The Great Barrier Reef consists of more than 3,400 individual reefs and 700 islands stretching a distance of 2,300 km.

2. Corals are among the most colourful of marine organisms.

3. Corals are simple, primitive organisms that have lived in tropical seas for about 2 million years.

4. Just as beautiful as the coral of the reef are the plants and animals that live there.

5. About 100 species of fish are known to live in the reef region, and a half of them may be seen on a single reef.

6. The islands of the reef are of two main types: ‘low islands’ and ‘continental islands’.

7. Some continental islands lie far from the coast and rise from the water.

8. The Marine Park Authority limits human activity on the reef and allocates areas for a specific range of activities.

9. Say what the Great Barrier Reef is renowned for.

10. Complete the sentences given below.

1. The Great Barrier Reef consists of …. .

2. With the continental shelf not far below the ocean’s surface …. .

3. Corals are …. .

4. About 1,500 species of fish …. .

5. The islands of the reef are of two main types …. .

6. …. are bordered by mangroves.

7. …. were declared the Marine Park in 1975.

Discussing the Story

11. Say what makes the perfect environment for the world’s largest system of coral reefs.

12. Say why you think the waters of the Great Barrier Reef were declared the Marine Park in 1975. Start like this:

The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park begins at the tip of Cape York in Queensland and extends to the south. The area is rather large and stretches more than 2,300 km along the north-east coast of Australia. …

Speaking File

13. Talk about the corals and the Great Barrier Reef.

14. You are a journalist and your classmate is a representative of the Marine Park

Authorities. Make an interview using the information from the text. Role-play the interview in class.

Writing File

15. Write a short summary of the text. Use the plan of Ex. 3.





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