Підручник Англійська мова (9-й рік навчання) - Алла Несвіт - Генеза 2017 рік
Unit 1 My Magic Circle: Family and Friend's
Lessons 3-4. Fashion Identity
1. Look and describe the photographs. Where do you think they are taken from?
2. Listen to the interview with Helina. Then choose the correct item to answer the questions.
1. When did the study of youth culture see the rapid expansion?
a) in the first half of the twentieth century
b) at the beginning of the twenty-first century
c) in the second half of the twentieth century
2. What did the youth groups start influencing?
b) television and cinema
c) music, television and cinema
3. What did the sociological study of youth culture examine?
a) young people’s subjective experiences in contemporary society
b) young people’s subjective experiences in social life
c) young people’s subjective experiences in music
4. A haul video let people experience ….
a) somebody’s likes and dislikes
b) somebody’s lifestyle
c) somebody’s shopping habits
5. For a haul girl, working over a video clip is …. .
a) an everyday routine
b) a creative process
c) about showing off what she has got
6. One of the positive things about making video clips is …. .
a) that it makes you popular among your peers
b) a feeling of being part of a community
c) that it lets you earn some money on advertising
3. a) Work in groups of five. Individually, read the texts and complete the table. Then share the information with your friends.
Group A reads paragraphs 1-3.
Group B reads paragraphs 4-6.
b) Work with a partner from another group. Compare your answers and exchange information.
Tie Six Best British Youth Cultures
By Wayne Hemingway (The Guardian)
There was a time when young people made it clear what tribe and music they were into by the way they dressed. Economic and social changes pushed the various youth groups into mainstream culture. Thus, different youth subcultures appeared. Early studies often perceived youth culture as the study of 'trouble-makers' and young people who rebelled against societal norms.
The modernist movement of the late 1950s and early 1960s was heavily influenced by Italian fashion. The increase in youth employment saw a rise in juvenile spending. Youngsters had an obsession with clean-cut fashions and black American R&B bands or British bands influenced by them, such as the Small Faces and the Who: the three- button, mohair suit, fishtail parkas, Fred Perry polos, Hush Puppies and a girl in a twin set with capri pants and false lashes so long that they blew in the wind.
By the mid-1960s, fashion was heavily under the influence of the ska music that filled the airwaves. Skinhead subculture was created from a fascination with the Jamaican rude boy style and evolved to adopt drainpipe denim, checkered shirts, white T-shirts, braces and cherry red DMs as a fashion identity.
The hippie movement of the 1960s based itself on the concept of not behaving to the usual standards. Nakedness was celebrated and shopping for pre-worn items at jumble sales and charity shops was commonplace with long-discarded military uniforms and ethnic dress mixed and matched to create a unique style. The music was heavily folk inspired, peppered with political messages promoting peace and love.
4. Glam rockers
While the US was embracing R&B in the 1970s, the UK was taking part in a musical and visual experiment. Glam rock was a theatrical, bi-curious creation - 5” platforms and brightly coloured make-up and tunes that tested many a parent’s tolerance to their children’s tastes.
In the late 1970s, punk changed everything. The expensive creations of Vivienne Westwood and Malcolm McLaren spawned a DIY revolution that allowed a generation to express themselves through self-cut and dyed hair, artistically ripped T-shirts, jewellery made from safety pins and dog collars and charity shop trousers made into bondage strides. The photocopied, hand-folded record covers, posters produced on an art college Gestetner machine to promote bands made up of creative individuals who often hadn’t picked up an instrument in their lives were testament to an empowered youth.
The goth subculture is most closely associated with repressed teenage rebellion, outsider culture and a dark, alternative to punk. The two genres came together in the late 1970s with the Damned’s Dave Vanian and Bauhaus bringing sallow cheeks and black cloaks and howling to the stage. A goth, all in black, was never about being at the cutting edge of cool, but will always live on with youth as a way to say: “I don’t conform”.
4. Read and say which youth subculture it is.
Which of the following was followed by …. ?
A those who bought cheap clothes and tried to create a new style out of it
B those who were associated with repressed teenage rebellion C those who had a possibility to earn money and buy the clothes they liked
D those who wanted to express themselves through self-cut and dyed hair
E under the influence of the ska music
F those who loved brightly coloured make-up
5. Look at the photographs and say which youth cultures the people belong to. Comment on your decision. What is your attitude towards each of those?
6. Work in pairs. Talk about the youth subcultures in the past and nowadays. Express your attitude towards them.
A: Do you know what a Haul Girl is? I didn’t until I read an article in one of the Sunday magazines. They are girls that post videos on You Tube showing off items they have bought in the shops i.e. their haul! B: It would appear they want to show off their purchases, but can’t be bothered to go out.
A: Haul Girls are quite down-to-earth. They are not selling an inaccessible lifestyle, or flogging goods they don’t even like. Instead, in an inimitably genuine way, they give us a glimpse into their lives.
Work in two groups.
Group A. You are a group of teenagers. Write a list of questions for your peers about teen culture.
Group B. You are a group of experts. You got a list of questions from teenagers via ChildHelpline1. Report the questions and suggest them for a round-table discussion. Answer the questions.
• Why do children meet so many challenges at the age of 14?
• Do all the parents complain about the music their children listen to?
• Why don’t my parents like the clothes I want to wear?
A: Emily Brighton asks why children often meet so many challenges at the age of 14.
B: Adolescence, the period between childhood and adulthood, is often a difficult time, both for parents and their children. This is when young people establish an identity of their own, separate themselves from their parents, and create significant relationships outside their own families.
8. You’ve met one of the people in the photos. Write a list of questions (no less than 7) which you would like to ask him/her.