Підручник Англійська мова 9 клас (9-й рік навчання) - Л.І. Морська - Астон 2017 рік

UNIT 1. THE WORLD OF OCCUPATIONS

LESSON 11

1. Listen to the dialogue and make up a similar one. Then act it out with your classmate.

Reporter: What do you do, Victor?

Victor: I’m a writer.

Reporter: What do you write?

Victor: I write plays and fiction, short stories mainly, as well as magazine articles.

Reporter: Have you been writing full-time for long?

Victor: About five years.

Reporter: And how did you become a writer?

Victor: Well, I used to work for a company. I was living in Los Angeles at the time. I was writing company reports, brochures … that kind of thing. And I wrote for my own pleasure, you know, as a hobby. One day, I entered a short story of mine in a magazine contest … and my story won the first prize. The editor of the magazine liked my story so much that she asked me to write another one. And paid me for it!

2. Listen to a report from a radio station. They asked listeners to phone in and say which jobs they liked most and which they liked least. Write the results in the table.

Top jobs

Worst jobs

…. and, just before the 8 o’clock news, we have the results of this week’s radio poll in which you, our listeners, contacted us to let us know which professions you most love and those which you love to hate. 6,722 listeners contacted us. There were no surprises at the top… the five favourites were doctors, nurses, teachers, firemen and surgeons. At the bottom of the table, those which are the most unpopular are politicians, estate agents, lawyers, journalists and, most surprising of all, footballers. To hear more, listen to our discussion on the full results of the poll on our morning programme tomorrow, or go to our website for a full list of winners and losers… and now we have (fade)…

Focus on Grammar Future Perfect

The Future Perfect tense form is used to express a completed action in the future. It expresses the idea that something will occur before another action in the future. It can also show that something will happen before a specific time in the future.

• You will have improved your English by the time you come back from the U.S.

• Will you have improved your English by the time you come back from the U.S.?

• You will not have improved your English by the time you come back from the U.S.

You should remember that the reference points (marked in italics) are in the Present Simple (not in the Future Simple).

• By next November, I will have received my promotion.

• By the time he gets home, she will have cleaned the house.

• I’ll have finished this test by 3 o’clock.

• Will she have learned enough Chinese to communicate before she moves to Beijing?

• Sam will have completed the interviews by the time he leaves this afternoon.

• By the time I finish this course, I will have taken ten tests.

• How many countries will you have visited by the time you turn 50?

3. Put the verbs in brackets in the Future Simple or Future Perfect tense form.

Margaret: Do you think everything will be finished when I get back from the store?

Jerry: Don’t worry. By the time you get back, I (clean) __ up the living room and (finish) ___washing the dishes. Everything will be perfect when your friends arrive.

Margaret: I hope so. They (arrive) ___ around 6 o’clock.

Jerry: Everything (be) ___ spotless by the time they get here.

Nick: I just have two more courses before I graduate from university. By this time next year, I (graduate) ___, and I will already be looking for a job.

Stacey: Does that scare you? Are you worried about the future?

Nick: Not really. I (go) ___ to a career counselor and get some advice on how to find a good job.

Stacey: That’s a good idea.

Nick: I am also going to do an internship so that when I leave school, I (complete, not only) ___ over 13 business courses, but I (work, also) ___ in the real world.

4. Answer the questions.

1. At what age do people usually begin to work in Ukraine?

2. At what age do people usually retire in Ukraine?

3. How have working conditions changed in recent years?

4. Is it easy to find a job in Ukraine?

5. What are some common jobs for men in Ukraine?

6. What are some common jobs for women in Ukraine?

7. Is it common for men and women to have the same jobs in Ukraine? Give examples.

8. Which jobs are more popular in Ukraine than others, and why?

5. Match the phrases with their explanations.

a. to work for a specific period of time

1. blue-collar worker

b. to work for more time than it is assigned by the duties

2. white-collar worker

c. to have a lot of practical experience in the job

3. to be paid by the hour

d. relating to wage earning workers who wear work clothes or other specialized clothing such as mechanics or miners

4. to be self-employed

e. a person who performs professional, managerial, or administrative work in an office, or other administrative setting

5. to do overtime

f. to work for the company or business you are the owner of

6. to work shifts

g. to receive pay for work counted by the number of hours completed at work

7. to get a good vocational training

6. Imagine the world of occupations in the world in twenty years from now. Write seven predictions about how it will look like. Use the Future tense forms you have learnt.

Model:

In twenty years from now there won’t be any blue-collar workers. Robots will be doing all the dirty work. People will be just sitting in their offices and observing the robots at work.

In twenty years from now computers will have replaced a part of a doctor’s work.





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