Підручник Англійська мова 9 клас (9-й рік навчання) - Л.І. Морська - Астон 2017 рік
UNIT 1. THE WORLD OF OCCUPATIONS
1. Listen to the dialogue and complete the table given below.
Interviewer: So, is your life very different now from before?
Bill: Oh, yes, really different, very different.
Interviewer: In what way?
Bill: Well, you know, I lived in a mining village in Yorkshire and everybody did the same thing - we all worked in the mine.
Interviewer: Did you work shifts?
Bill: Yes, we did. It was hard and dirty work. But somehow it wasn’t so bad because we all worked together.
Interviewer: And what do you do now?
Bill: Well, when the mine closed my wife and I decided to move down south - to Dorset. Now she works in a supermarket and I work behind the bar in a pub.
Interviewer: And is that hard work?
Bill: No. It’s not hard but the hours are long and I work most evenings, even Saturdays and Sundays. I didn’t do that before. There can be problems …you know, some customers laugh at my northern accent and that can be difficult.
Interviewer: And what about your family life?
Bill: I spent more time with my family before. Now I don’t often see my children. I’m asleep when they go to school and I’m not there in the evenings to help them with their homework. I’m not happy about it, but I need the job.
Focus on Grammar
Future Perfect Continuous
We use the Future Perfect Continuous to show that something will continue up until a particular event or time in the future. «For five minutes,» «for two weeks,» and «since Friday» are all durations which can be used with this tense form. You should remember that the reference points (marked in italics) are in Present Simple (not Future Simple).
• They will have been talking for over an hour by the time Thomas arrives.
• She will have been working at that company for three years when it finally closes.
• James will have been teaching at the university for more than a year by the time he leaves for Asia.
• How long will you have been studying when you graduate?
• A: When you finish your English course, will you have been living in New Zealand for over a year?
B: No, I will not have been living here that long.
We can also use the Future Perfect Continuous before another action in the future to show cause and effect.
• Jason will be tired when he gets home because he will have been jogging for over an hour.
• Claudia’s English will be perfect when she returns to Germany because she will have been studying English in the United States for over two years.
BUT you should remember that we use the Future Perfect to show that something
will continue up until another action in the future with non-continuous verbs.
• I will have been in London for six months by the time I leave.
• By Monday, Susan will have had my book for a week.
2. Put the verbs in brackets in the Future Perfect or the Future Perfect Continuous.
1. By the time we get to Chicago this evening, we (drive) ___ more than four hundred miles. We are going to be exhausted.
2. When Sarah goes on vacation next month, she (study) ___ German for over two years. She should be able to communicate fairly well while she is in Austria.
3. I have not traveled much yet; however, I (visit) ___ the Grand Canyon and San Francisco by the time I leave the United States.
4. By the time you finish studying English at school, you (master) ___ all twelve tenses including their passive forms.
5. Drive faster! If you don’t hurry up, she (have) ___ the baby by the time we get to the hospital.
6. I came to England six months ago. I started my economics course three months ago. When I return to Australia, I (study)___ for nine months and I (be) ___ in England for exactly one year.
7. Margie just called and said she would be here at 8 o’clock. By the time she gets here, we (wait) ___for her for two hours.
8. Frank changed jobs again. If he keeps this up, he (change) ___ jobs at least four or five times by the end of the year.
9. Come over to my house around 9 o’clock. By then, I (complete) ___ my history essay and we can go to see a movie.
10. In June, my grandmother and grandfather (be) ___ married for fifty years.
3. Name the occupations of people in the pictures.
4. Read the short conversations and put the verbs in brackets in the Future Continuous or the Future Perfect Continuous tense form.
Simona: Margaret is really going to speak Spanish well when she gets back from that language school in Mexico.
Isabelle: Hopefully! She (take) ___ classes for more than six months.
Simona: She is going to be able to speak Spanish with some of our Latin American clients.
Isabelle: Good. Two clients from Peru (visit) ___ us next month when
Margaret returns. We need someone to entertain them while they are here.
Jason: I am leaving!
Nurse: Could you wait, please? The doctor is having some problems with a patient.
Jason: The doctor was having problems with that patient an hour ago. If I wait another ten minutes, I am sure he (have, still) ___ problems with her. By the time he’s finally ready to see me, I (wait) ___ for more than two hours.
Mr. Jones: What are you going to be doing next year at this time?
Mr. McIntyre: I (work)_ for a big law firm in New Orleans.
Mr. Jones: I didn’t know you were leaving Baton Rouge.
Mr. McIntyre: I got a great job offer which I just can’t refuse. Besides, by the time I move, I (live) in Baton Rouge for over twenty years. I think it’s about time for a change.
5. Answer the questions. Write your answers in the copy-book.
1. What are some common occupations in Ukraine?
2. What are some jobs that you think would be boring?
3. Name three occupations that you could do.
4. Name three occupations that you could never do.
5. What are some jobs that children could do?
6. Which do you think are the demanding jobs?
7. Which are the least demanding jobs?
8. Which jobs are badly paid?
9. Which jobs are over-paid?
Exam Skill Builder
6. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the sentences (A-F) below.
The work of a life manager can be quite exciting and unusual. Sometimes clients demand really unusual things and if you want to keep the job you have to do them.
Tom Jones had been a life manager for ten years before he changed his occupation. He earned a lot of money doing all sorts of jobs for other people and he could retire at the age of 32.
1. ___ . Now his company employs over 50 life managers.
2. Tom said that one of the least strange tasks he did was to find a reliable second-hand car for his client’s 16-year-old son. The same client paid Tom to finish his son’s school project.
3. ___ . He also used to look after this man’s dog while he was out. But this task was also quite unusual. The dog liked watching TV but he didn’t like the commercials, so Tom had to turn the TV off when the advertisement was on!
4. ___ . Other life managers say that their duties have been even more
«demanding». One of them said he flew a dog to another country so it could spend the summer with its family. This job was worth $10,000.
5. Another life manager was asked to put together a 15,000-piece puzzle that the owner bought for himself to relax.
6. ___ . He asked his life manager to do it for him and he paid him $ 5, 000 for the job.
7. Life managers are usually single young people, often teenagers, who have more free time to do things for others. Sometimes being a life manager earns them good pocket money but in some cases, they can make a fortune.
8. ___ . Well, these people usually share three characteristics: they are very busy, very disorganized and very rich!
A. However, it was too stressful for the man to put together.
B. For another customer he wrote a dating profile and found suitable clothes for his first successful date.
C. Who needs a life manager?
D. They earned a lot of money because of this.
E. It was enough to start his own business called «Life Manager 4U».
F. Each day he earned 500 dollars just by pressing buttons on the remote control.
7. After-task reflection. Say what key words in the text and in the sentences A-F helped you to fill in the gaps in exercise 6.
8. Speak about work and occupations. Use the mind map given below.
9. Name the occupations of people in the pictures