Підручник Англійська мова 9 клас (9-й рік навчання) - Л.І. Морська - Астон 2017 рік
UNIT 2. MY FAMILY AND FRIENDS
1. Reveal a secret. Ask your partner the following questions and then tell the class about him/her.
What are you called by your family?
Who do you like best in your family?
Who makes dinner for your family? Who does the shopping?
Do your family members all eat together? What do you talk about? What sports do people in your family like?
What time do the people in your family wake up/ go to bed?
Which parent is stricter?
What, if anything, do your parents argue about?
Has your family ever moved/ taken a trip together?
What does your family do on weekends/ on holidays?
What kinds of housework does your father do?
What do you do that makes your parents happy?
Exam Skill Builder
2. Read the text and fill in the gaps (A$E) with the sentences below.
1. One of the reasons for these problems is that parents and teenagers are now spending less time together.
2. The survey asked 8,000 teenagers (aged 15-19) and their parents about family relationships.
3. Family life is changing.
4. The biggest problem between teenagers and their parents, however, was communication.
5. In many ways, the results of the survey were not surprising.
The Changing World of Teenagers
A ____ . Couples are waiting longer before they get married and the average age for the first wedding is now 30. This means that parents are getting older and, at the same time, families are smaller because many couples think that smaller is better. More mothers are going to work and they have less time to spend at home with their children. How are these changes affecting the lives of British teenagers? A new survey by the Britpoll Organization has tried to learn more.
B ____ . What, for example, do teenagers like and dislike about their parents?
How do parents feel about their relationships with their children? What do teenagers and parents want from each other? How well do they get on with each other?
C ____. Most teenagers say that they love their parents and that their parents love them. They know that they can count on their parents when they need them, and 40% like their parents’ sense of humour.
But there are problems, too. Parents want their children to help more with the housework and more than half of the teenagers think that their parents tell them off too often. “I’m 15, but they treat me like a child”, was another common complaint.
D ____. Most teens find it difficult to talk to their parents about personal things like relationships, but, for some, there is very little communication at all. “My mother never has any time, and my father is never there”, said one 14-year-old. “They ask too many questions, but they never really listen to my answers”, said another. “Dad gives me money every month, but he doesn’t know who I am. I’m studying for my end-of-term exams, but he never offers to help me”, she continued. Teenagers now have more money, but they aren’t getting as much attention as before.
E ____. Teenagers often prefer to spend more time with their friends and most parents don’t mind. Family meals are becoming a thing of the past and teenagers often have dinner in front of the TV. It seems that the only time that families are really together is for two weeks during the summer holidays.
3. After-task reflection. Answer the following questions.
1. What key words in paragraph A helped you to complete the task?
2. What grammar phenomenon helped you to find the matching for paragraph A?
3. Did grammar help you to find the matching for paragraph B? In what way?
4. What key word in paragraph B and the sentence to be filled helped you to find the matching?
5. What strategy helped you to find the matching for paragraph C?
6. What two key words helped you to find the matching for paragraph D? (Hint: they start with “c” and “l”)
7. What is the difference between the words “problem” and “reason”? Which comes first: the reason and then the problem or vice versa?
4. Read the text in exercise 2 and say if the statement are true or false.
1. Most people get married before they are 30.
2. Teenagers spend less time with their mothers than before.
3. Parents think that their children do enough housework.
4. Most teens find it easy to talk to their parents about girlfriends and boyfriends.
5. Many parents are too busy to talk to their children.
6. Teenagers now have more money to spend.
7. Many teens do not spend enough time with their parents.
5. Find the phrasal verbs in the text in exercise 2. Give their definitions.
6. Compare the information in the text in exercise 2 with the situation in Ukraine. In what ways is it similar / different? Use the model to help you.
• The average age of getting married.
• Parent-children relationships.
• Time teenagers spend together with parents.
• Pocket money.
• Family dinners.
Model: In Ukraine, there is no common tendency about the age of getting married. There are couples who decide to create their own families at the age of 22-25. People can get married after 30. There are even couples who marry before they reach their 20th birthday.
Parent-children relationships are very similar to those described in the text. Parents are very busy nowadays in Ukraine. They try to work hard to cope with the lack of money. That’s why very often they have to go abroad to earn more there. As a result, their children stay with only one parent. This leads to even more problems in their relationships.
7. Use the same statements from exercise 6 to speak about the past in Ukraine. You may ask your parents or grandparents for more information. There is a model to help you.
My grandmother says that people got married at a very young age when she was a teenager. Her mother (my great-grandmother) got married at the age of 16, for example. She also said that parents would spend more time with their children. Mothers were usually those who spent time with the children, because fathers had to go to work and earn a living for their families.
8. Fill in the blanks with the correct verb in the Past Simple.
1. We ______ a delicious dinner at a Mexican restaurant last night.
2. There’s no money left in my pocket. I ____ my last penny yesterday. I’m out of money.
3. When it ____ to rain yesterday afternoon, I ____ all of the windows in the flat.
4. Peter was nervous when he ____ his baby in his arms for the first time.
5. I ___ Jennifer’s parents when they visited her. She introduced me to them.
6. Mary walked to school today. Rebecca ___ her car. Alison ____ her bicycle. Sandy ____ the bus.
7. I didn’t have any money, yesterday, so my roommate ______ me enough so I could pay for my lunch.
8. The children had a good time at the park yesterday. They _______ the ducks on small pieces of bread.
9. When Alan slipped on the icy sidewalk yesterday, he _____ down and ____ his back. His back is very painful today.
10. Yesterday I called Jason on the phone. He wasn’t home, so I ____ to his sister.
11. Jack _____ his pocketknife at the park yesterday. This morning he ____ back to the park to look for it. Finally he ____ it in the grass. He was glad to have it back.
12. Sue ____ a cup of coffee before class this morning.