Підручник Англійська мова 9 клас (9-й рік навчання) - Л.І. Морська - Астон 2017 рік

UNIT 2. MY FAMILY AND FRIENDS

LESSON 21

1. Listen to the conversations and pay attention to the word combinations in bold. Use “Focus on Grammar* reference below if necessary.

Conversation A:

A: Julie found her watch while cleaning her room yesterday.

B: I’m glad. She had been looking for it all week.

A: She also did very well on her English test last week.

B: That’s great. I know she had been studying for it for a long time.

A: Not only that. She’s getting married next month.

B: Really? That’s strange. She hasn’t been going with her boyfriend very long.

Conversation B:

A: Silvia won the San Francisco Marathon last weekend.

B: Yes, she told me. Isn’t that wonderful? I know she had been training for it for months.

A: She wanted to have a party at her house to celebrate her victory.

B: Unfortunately, she had to cancel the party because her leg muscles are too sore from running the marathon.

A: I know. That’s too bad. I had been looking forward to the party.

B: I had been planning to go to the party from the time I learned she was going to have one.

Focus on Grammar

Past Perfect Continuous

We use the Past Perfect Continuous to show that something started in the past and continued up until another time in the past. “For five minutes” and “for two weeks” are both durations which can be used with the Past Perfect Continuous.

She had been working at that company for three years when it went out of business.

• How long had you been waiting for the bus before it arrived?

• Mike wanted to sit down because he had been standing all day at work.

• James had been teaching at the university for more than a year before he left for Asia.

• A: How long had you been studying Turkish before you moved to Ankara?

B: I had not been studying Turkish very long.

Using the Past Perfect Continuous before another action in the past is a good way to show cause and effect.

Examples:

• Jason was tired because he had been jogging.

• Sam gained weight because he had been overeating.

• Betty failed the final test because she had not been attending class.

It is important to remember that non-Continuous verbs cannot be used in any continuous tenses including the Past Perfect Continuous.

Examples:

• The motorcycle had been belonging to George for years before Tina bought it. — Not Correct

• The motorcycle had belonged to George for years before Tina bought it. — Correct

It is also important to remember that passive forms of the Past Perfect Continuous are not used.

2. Read the conversations in exercise 1 and act them out with your classmate. Make up one similar conversation.

3. Complete the sentences with the Present Perfect Continuous or Past Perfect Continuous of the verbs on the list.

ask expect fly

give

learn

listen

look

operate point out

say

see

wait

work

1. At last you are here! I ___ for you for over twenty minutes. 2. He knows quite a lot of English. He ___ it for six years. 3. She finally said “Yes”. He ___ her to marry him for years. 4. I think I need a break. I ___ solidly for the last three hours. 5. You ___ to a word I ___ , have you? 6. For some time now, world leaders ___ the necessity for agreement on arms reduction. 7. The police, who ___ trouble during the demonstration, were surprised by the eventual absence of violence. 8. The manager of the company came down with pneumonia. He ___ unwell for several days. 9. The chairman said that the Board of Directors ___ serious thought to the possibility of entering the American market. 10. At the inquiry into the plane crash, the pilot said in evidence that he ___ this type of the aircraft for ten years. 11. I know why you are having nightmares. You ___ too many horror films recently. 12. The new one-way scheme ___ for just over twelve months, and traffic has improved considerably as a result.

4. Choose the correct answer.

Dear Jane,

I’m sorry I left without you last night,but I told you to meet me early because the show started at 8:00. I 1. ___ to get tickets for that play for months,and I didn’t want to miss it. By the time I finally left the coffee shop where we were supposed to meet,I 2. ___ five cups of coffee and I 3. ___ over an hour. I had to leave because I 4. ___ to meet Kathy in front of the theater. When I arrived at the theater,Kathy already 5. ___ up the tickets and she was waiting for us near the entrance. She was really angry because she 6. ___ for more than half an hour. She said she almost 7. ___ up and 8. ___ into the theater without us. Kathy told me you 9. ___ late several times in the past and that she would not make plans with you again in the future. She mentioned that she 10. ___ several movies because of your late arrivals. I think you owe her an apology. And in the future,I suggest you be on time!

Love,

Susan

A

B

C

D

1

was trying

had tried

has been trying

had been trying

2

was having

had had

has been having

had been having

3

was waiting

had waited

have been waiting

had been waiting

4

was arranging

had arranged

have been arranging

had been arranging

5

was picking

had picked

has been picking

had been picking

б

was waiting

had waited

has been waiting

had been waiting

7

was giving

had given

has been giving

had been giving

8

was going

had gone

has been going

had been going

9

was being

had been

has been being

had been being

10

was missing

had missed

has been missing

had been missing

5. Use an extract from a person’s autobiography to turn it into his biography essay. There is a model to help you.

Model: My name is Michael Smith and I was born on the 30th of August 1967, in Long Beach, California. My parents were Eddie Smith and Joan Smith. My mom died at the age of 57 in 1994 from lung cancer... - Michael Smith was born on the 30th of August, 1967 in Long Beach, California. His parents were Eddie Smith and Joan Smith. His mom died at the age of 57 in 1994 from lung cancer

My name is Michael Smith. I was born on the 30th of August 1967, in Long Beach, California. My parents were Eddie and Joan Smith. My early childhood was a typical middle class environment of the 1960’s. My dad worked for Simpson Buick as a salesman and my mom was a stay-at-home mother. I had a happy, normal childhood as the only child.

My mom and dad divorced when I was eight years old. My dad remained married to my stepmother Bev until his death. My mom remarried two more times. My first stepfather Vince became a big part of my life and I maintained close contact with him until his death in 2006, two days after my real dad died. Yes, that was a very bad week, losing both of my dads.

I lived with my mom until I was 16. By my sophomore year in high school I had begun to hang around with friends that got me into a lot of trouble with a number of things. I was rapidly heading down a negative path, but was fortunate enough to notice it before I had done any serious damage. I moved in with my dad and changed high schools and friends. With the fresh start I was able to finish high school without further incident, graduating from Downey High School in 1985.

I had always wanted to become a police officer, which I could not do until I was 21 years of age. So, to kill time and stay out of trouble I joined the United States Army immediately after turning 18. I joined the army and was sent to Fort Benning, Georgia for basic training and airborne jump school. Some of my happiest memories and some of my worst memories come from my time in the army. One thing that I am sure of is that it shaped me to become the man that I am now. The army really straightened me out from my troubled teenage years.

6. Find the verbs in the past tense forms in exercise 5 and explain their usage.

7. Complete the sentences with the correct tense form (Present Perfect/Past Perfect/Present Perfect Continuous/Past Perfect Continuous).

1. It is already 9:30 PM and I (wait) ___ here for over an hour. If John does not get here in the next five minutes, I am going to leave. 2. I was really angry at John yesterday. By the time he finally arrived, I (wait) ___ for over an hour. I almost left without him. 3. Did you hear that Ben was fired last month? He (work) ___ for that import company for more than ten years and he (work) ___ in almost every department. Nobody knew the company like he did. 4. I (see) ___ many pictures of the pyramids before I went to Egypt. Pictures of the monuments are very misleading. The pyramids are actually quite small. 5. Sarah (climb) ___ the Matterhorn, (sail) ___ around the world, and (go) ___ on safari in Kenya. She is such an adventurous person. 6. Sarah (climb)___ the Matterhorn, (sail) ___ around the world and (go) ___ on safari in Kenya by the time she turned twenty-five. She (experience) ___ more by that age than most people do in their entire lives. 7. When Melanie came into the office yesterday, her eyes were red and watery. I think she (cry) ___. 8. Read the tongue-twisters as quickly as you can.

Thirty-three thousand people think that Thursday is their thirtieth birthday. They think that their teeth get thinner at times they want to taste thick meat.

I thought the naughty Professor Tortoise taught ontology, but the naughty Tortoise taught us tautology.





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