Підручник Англійська мова 9 клас (9-й рік навчання) - Л.І. Морська - Астон 2017 рік

UNIT 3. SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

LESSON 30

1. Listen to the dialogues and write down the sentence in the Passive Voice.

A

Headmaster:

When will the students be given an exam?

Teacher:

They will be given an exam next week.

Headmaster:

When will they be told their results?

Teacher:

They’ll be told their results the following week.

Headmaster:

When will they be registered for next semester?

Teacher:

They’ll be registered in May.

B

Jack:

An important meeting will be held next month. Will you be there?

Jane:

Of course. What subject will be discussed?

Jack:

We’ll discuss the problem of drugs in our community.

Jane:

Will any law officers be invited?

Jack:

Yes, we’re inviting several police officers.

Jane:

The drug dealers must be arrested or we’re going to have more problems.

2. Look at the picture and study the words. Then read the text and answer the questions after it.

Cars

A long time ago there were no cars. It was hard to go from place to place. People walked or rode horses. Today, people still walk and use horses. But they also drive cars. Cars are faster. Cars are comfortable.

Do you know who invented cars?

Many people think a French man named Nicolas Cugnot did. He made the first car in 1769. The first car had only three wheels. It did not use gas. It used steam! Nicolas Cugnot was also the first man in a car crash. He drove his car into a brick wall! When he drove his car, he was only moving about as fast as you can walk.

It may be hard to imagine, but there once was a world without automobiles. In this world, people travelled on foot, by horse, by wagon, and when necessary, by simple row boats. Now everywhere you look, minivans, sedans, convertibles, and sports cars fill our neighbourhood streets and the highways.

Scientists define automobiles as self-propelled, four-wheeled vehicles that are used to travel on land. These mechanical wonders are built to carry two to four passengers and limited cargo. As science continued to advance and more discoveries were made, this operational definition of automobiles became very important. Scientists needed to distinguish automobiles from trucks and buses. Trucks, which have larger heavier parts, were designed to carry goods and products. Buses were designed to carry larger numbers of people and small loads of cargo.

1. What is the name of the first car inventor?

2. What fuel did the first car use?

3. What kinds of cars can we see in modern streets?

4. What is the scientific definition of a car?

5. Can you name the parts a car is made of? What are they?

6. What is the American equivalent of the British word “bonnet”?

7. What is the difference between a saloon and a hatchback car?

3. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs (active or passive).

1. This book (have to return) ) ___ to the library today. 2. The other books (return) ___ yesterday. 3. That book (should return) ____ tomorrow. 4. These letters (be going to mail) ___ tomorrow. 5. That letter (ought to send) ____ immediately. 6. This letter (must send) ___ today. 7. Those letter (arrive) ____ yesterday. 8. I don’t have my car today. It’s in the garage. It (repair) ___ right now. 9. Kate didn’t have her car last week because it was in the garage. While it (repair)___, she took the bus to work. 10. The mechanic (repair) ____ Tina’s car last week. 11. Glass (make) ____ from sand. 12. You (should carry, not) ____ large sums of money with you. 13. Large sums of money (ought to keep) ___ in a bank, don’t you think? 14. At our high school, the students’ grades (send) ___ to their parents four times each year. 15. I’m sorry, but the computer job is no longer available. A new computer programmer (hire, already) ___ . 16. Household cleaning agents (must use) ____with care. 17. What products (manufacture) ___ in your country? 18. Aluminium is a valuable metal that (can use) ___ again and again. 19. Endangered wildlife (must protect) ___ rom extinction.

4. Science requires solving mathematical problems. Read the problem and choose the correct item.

John leaves Chicago for New York at 5 a.m. He drives at an average speed of 60 miles per hour and arrives at a rest area to take a breakfast break for half an hour. He leaves the rest area at 8 a.m. and drives 200 miles before taking one-hour break at another rest area. At 11 a.m. John leaves the second area and drives the remaining 450 miles straight on, taking only a 10-minute break at the third rest area, until he arrives at New York at 6 p.m. What is John’s average driving speed between Chicago and the second rest area?

A) 54 mph (miles per hour)

B) 60 mph

C) 64 mph

D) 70 mph

E) 80 mph

Collocation is a word or phrase that is often used with another word or phrase, in a way that sounds correct to people who have spoken the language all their lives, but might not be expected from the meaning.

Example: In the phrase “a hard frost”, “hard” is a collocation of “frost” and “strong” would not sound natural.

5. Match the words in two columns to have collocations. Make up 10 sentences with the collocations you have made up. Use the dictionary to help you.

Model: Science collocates with education: Science education has become quite popular recently. Informational does not collocate with technology.

Exam Skill Builder

6. Read the conversation and choose the correct item. Pay attention to collocations.

The future of transportation was a hot topic at last week’s Future of Energy Summit in London hosted by Bloomberg New Energy Finance (BNEF). In particular, discussions were 1. ___ around the question of what transportation will look like as the sector tries to balance meeting demand and compliance with air pollution standards. The experts had a talk.

Melisa:

Andy Palmer, an expert in car 2. ____, said that the future of transportation is 3. ___ . Do you agree? Is that what your analysis is 4. ___ ?

Tom:

I agree, the future is electric, but the 5. ___ is still uncertain. In many ways, transport looks like the power industry when BNEF first started covering renewables back in 2004: you have growing policy support, and most importantly, rapidly changing technology costs.

Melisa:

Yes, we can see the beginnings of the same effect with the electrification of transport as battery costs fall.

Tom:

There are a few other things that indicate that transportation is moving toward EVs - first, the power sector is getting cleaner every year and so an electric vehicle is cleaner every year.

Melisa:

My long term view is that all passenger 6. ___ will have batteries and plugs. The question is will they have gasoline 7. ___ as back-ups too. This split between battery electrics and plug-in hybrids is still uncertain.

A

B

C

D

1

created

built

constructed

made

2

making

make

production

producing

3

electric

electronic

electronical

electronically

4

describing

expressing

presenting

showing

5

timeline

timeframe

timezone

timescale

6

machines

cars

transports

vehicles

7

tanks

trunks

bonnets

hoods





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