Підручник Англійська мова 9 клас (9-й рік навчання) - Л.І. Морська - Астон 2017 рік

UNIT 3. SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

LESSON 31

1. Listen to the dialogue and write down the verb forms in the Passive Voice.

A: Your back should be seen by a specialist.

B: Yes, my back is giving me a lot of problems.

A: You should be given a list of exercises.

B: Yes, I want to be treated by a good physical therapist.

A: An anti-inflammatory medicine should be prescribed for you.

B: Yes, my pain has to be reduced or I can’t work very effectively.

2. Change the following sentences from the Passive Voice into the Active Voice.

1. It is now 6 a.m. and at most of the hospitals in the country patients are being wakened to take their temperature. 2. Why wasn’t the car either locked or put into the garage? 3. The house where the stolen picture was found is being guarded by the police. 4. It is said that too little money is being spent by the government on roads. 5. Your money could be put to good use instead of being put in the bank. 6. For a long time the earth was believed to be flat. 7. The pages have been cut from this book. That’s why I can’t learn this lesson. 8. This newspaper hasn’t been read. 9. The stones were thrown by the student who was afterwards led away by the police. 10. The football player was being escorted from the field by a large crowd of his fans. 11. The fire was finally got under control. 12. The plan hadn’t been well thought by the leader.

Exam Skill Builder

3. Read the text and choose the correct answer.

No one can be certain who really 1. ___ silk but according to the legend it was a Chinese princess. One day, this princess watched in amazement as the caterpillars on her father’s mulberry tree created beautiful silk thread.

Before long, she realized that this thread could be used to 2. ___ cloth. Then, in about 1725 BC, the Chinese emperor’s wife began to sponsor the cultivation of silk worms and the manufacture of the cloth. The process was kept secret, and the Chinese guarded the secret 3. ___ for over 3,000 years. They exported the cloth to many countries and attracted the envy of their trading rivals. But then the secret got 4. ___ . Another Chinese princess married an Indian prince who 5. ___ her to tell him where the silk her clothes were made from was produced, and how. He then got some silk worms and the Indian silk industry was born. At about the same time, two monks smuggled seeds of the mulberry tree and silkworm eggs out of China by hiding them in their 6. ___ sticks. They took the secret to Japan, where the Japanese silk industry boomed - and Japan is still the main producer and manufacturer of silk today. Why is silk so popular? It keeps people warm in winter while keeping them 7. ___ in summer. It is soft against the skin. Although modern materials are now available, silk remains the most luxurious of all.

A

B

C

D

1

investigated

invented

discovered

founded

2

grow

make

develop

do

3

deeply

enormously

carefully

tightly

4

away

through

out

over

5

made

had

persuaded

suggested

6

walking

wandering

climbing

hiking

7

chilled

fresh

cool

cold

4. After-task reflection. Answer the following questions

1. What strategy did you use to choose the correct item for tasks 1, 2, 3 and 6?

2. What kind of verbs are the verbs “get away”, “get through”, “get out”, “get over”? Even if you don’t know the meaning of the whole verb, what helps you in guessing? Do prepositions in these verbs help you to guess the meaning of the whole verb? What could prepositions “away”, “through”, “out” and “over” add to the meaning of the whole verb?

3. What kind of grammar rule could help you to choose the correct item for task 5?

4. What are the antonyms for the words “chilled”, “fresh”, “cool” and “cold”? Did knowing the antonyms help you to choose the correct item?

Exam Skill Builder

5. Study the diagrams and say which sentences refer to Diagram A, which - to diagram B, and which compare the two diagrams.

1. The most popular kind of energy worldwide was oil.

2. Wind power as the energy source was used most widely by Germans.

3. Solar energy consumption in Germany was by sixteen per cent more popular in comparison with the data worldwide.

4. Renewable energy sources comprised only thirteen per cent of worldwide energy consumption, while almost 90 per cent of energy in the world was generated by fossil fuels.

5. 14% of hydropower was generated in Germany in 2013 in comparison to 7% worldwide.

6. Solar energy consumption was very low in the world in 2013, while in Germany it took the third position in popularity.

A. Global energy consumption 2013

B. Energy Consumption in Germany in 2013

6. Study the diagram of the US energy consumption in 2010 and write 5-6 sentences about the most important information. Use exercise 5 and the model to help you.

Model:

A quarter of US energy intake (=consumption) in 2010 was comprised by natural gas.

More than 50 percent of renewable energy for the needs of the US people was generated by biomass in 2010.

In 2010, oil was still the most popular energy type that was consumed by Americans.

Figure 1. Renewable energy consumptionin the nation's energy supply, 2010





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