Підручник Англійська мова 9 клас (9-й рік навчання) - Л.І. Морська - Астон 2017 рік

UNIT 3. SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

REVISION LESSONS LESSON 32

1. Listen to the dialogue and fill in the blanks with the words from the box. Act out the dialogue with your classmate. Then make up a similar one.

Agent: Cathay Pacific Airways. Can I ___ you?

Ann: Yes. I ___ a flight from Tokyo to New York on Friday. Do you have any ___ ?

Agent: Let me ___ . Yes. I ___ one on the 5: 30 flight.

Ann: Five thirty! What’s the check-in ___ ?

Agent: One hour before departure in economy. Thirty minutes in business class. Will you ___ that?

Ann: No. I won’t get to the ___ in time. When will the next flight ___ ?

Agent: There won’t be another ___ flight on Friday. There will be one on Saturday at the same time.

Ann: Fine. I’ll ___ that.

Agent: Just let me ___ . Oh, I’m sorry, that flight’s full.

take, need, flight, see, time, help, have, airport, direct, check, seats, leave

2. Turn the following sentences from the Active Voice into the Passive Voice. There is a model to help you.

Model: Nobody has seen her for the last two weeks. - She has not been seen for the last two weeks.

1. They still haven’t finished the report. 2. When we went there, they had already sold the house. 3. Later on, I realised that somebody had eaten my ice-cream cones. 4. Somebody has torn the buttons of my jacket off. 5. They showed me the painting. 6. My mom gives me a sandwich every single morning. 7. Did Jane Green win the tournament? 8. Somebody had torn some pages out of her diary. 9. They sell fish and chips here. 10. ‘Who discovered penicillin?’ - ‘Alexander Fleming discovered it in 1928.’ 11. They are pulling down the old cinema. 12. Jane Austen wrote “Pride and Prejudice”. 13. We repair dishwashers. 14. They haven’t invited Amy to their party.

3. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb (active or passive).

1. Where are you going to go to school next year? - I (accept) ___ by Shoreline Community College. 2. I think football is too violent. - I (agree) ___ with you. I (prefer) ___ baseball. 3. When (your bike, steal)___ ?

- Two days ago. 4. (You, pay) your electric bill yet? - No, I haven’t, but I’d better pay it today. If I don’t, my electricity (shut off) ___ by the power company. 5. Did you hear about the accident? - No. What (happen)___ ? 6. A bicyclist (hit) ___ by a taxi in front of the dorm. - The bicyclist (injure) ___ ? - Yes. Someone (call) ___ an ambulance. The bicyclist (take) ___ to City Hospital and (treat) ___ in the emergency ward for cuts and bruises. - What (happen) ___ to the taxi driver? - He (arrest) ___ for careless driving. - He’s lucky that the bicyclist (kill, not) ___. 7. The Eiffel Tower (be) ___ in Paris, France. It (visit) ___ by millions of people every year. It (design) ___ by Alexander Eiffel (1832-1923). It (erect) ___ in 1889 for the Paris exposition. Since that time, it (be) ___ the most famous landmark in Paris. Today it (recognize) ___ by people throughout the world.

4. Study the diagram about the use of mobile phones by people of different age groups in ten countries. Write 5-6 sentences to describe the most relevant data.

Mobile Phone Usage By Age

Model: Mobile phones are used by almost 90 per cent of people aged 16-34 in South Korea in comparison to 50 % of the elderly people who use them in this country.

In India, mobile phones are not so popular as in the other countries on the list, because less than 15 per cent of all age groups use these gadgets.

In Australia, mobile phones are most often used by teens and young people under 25.

5. Look at the pictures and study the words.

6. Read the text and say whether the statements are true or false. Correct the false statements.

Trains

The idea of the railway probably traces its origins to Roman times, when many of their stone paved roads were set with long, smooth stones which would accommodate the wheels of their chariots.

By the 16th century, mining engineers used tramroads, commonly with wooden rails, to ease the movement of loaded mine wagons (known as trams or drams). Such tramroads existed in Britain by the mid-17th century, although reports of a railway in Nottinghamshire were mentioned as early as 1602.

By the start of the 19th century, tramroads often ran for considerable distances taking coal from its source to the point of consumption. In 1804, Richard Trevithick demonstrated the first practical steam locomotive engine. The first public railway as we know today carrying passengers was the Stockton & Darlington Railway which was introduced in 1825.

A train has many carriages (or cars) linked together. The first carriage of a train is called a locomotive. It has an engine. It gives the train power to move along a railroad track. When a train travels, it may carry many people. It can also take a lot of goods. If a train is to take people to different places, it is called a passenger train. If a train is to deliver goods to different places, it is called a freight train.

About two hundred years ago, the first locomotive was made in England. A steam engine was used then. The locomotive was able to pull ten tons of iron, seventy people, and five wagons for about nine miles. Later on, the English people made the first train that ran at regular times.

In the 1960s and early 1970s, considerable interest developed in the possibility of building tracked passenger vehicles that could travel much faster than conventional trains. From the 1970s, interest in an alternative high-speed technology centred on magnetic levitation, or maglev. This vehicle rides on an air cushion created by electromagnetic reaction between an on-board device and another embedded in its track.

1. The first trains can be found fifteen hundred years ago.

2. Coal miners were the first people to invent trains.

3. Locomotive is a carriage which carries goods.

4. The maglev trains were developed at the end of the previous century.

5. The first trains in England used magnetic levitation to travel long distances.

6. Freight trains are used to carry passengers.

7. In the text in exercise 6, find the sentences in the Passive Voice and turn them into the Active Voice.

8. Read the tongue-twister as quickly as you can.

Sweet sagacious Sally Sanders said she surely saw seven segregated seaplanes sailing swiftly southward on Saturday.





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