Підручник Англійська мова 9 клас (9-й рік навчання) - Л.І. Морська - Астон 2017 рік

UNIT 4. NATURE. THE WEATHER. THE ENVIRONMENT

LESSON 42-44

1. Listen to the dialogues and write down the modal verbs you hear. Then identify their meaning. Make up similar dialogues and act them out with your partner.

a. A: Will I meet your family?

B: No. They won’t be here this week.

A: When can I meet them?

B: Next week.

A: I can’t meet them next week.

B: Why not?

A: I must be in New York next week.

b. A: What will you name the baby?

B: We might name her Mary.

A: That’s a nice name.

B: We might name her Judy.

A: That’s a nice name, too.

B: We really can’t decide.

Exam Skill Builder

2. Choose the correct item to complete the conversation.

Dad: You look tired. You 1 ___ go to bed.

Bill: I 2 ___ go to bed yet. I 3 ___ to learn my French vocabulary first.

Dad: Your French test isn’t tomorrow, it’s on Friday. You 4 learn the vocabulary tonight. You 5 ___ learn it another day.

Bill: No, I 6 ___ do it tonight, because I’m busy for the rest of the week. And I 7___ get a bad mark in the test.

Dad: You 8 ___ worry so much. Tonight, sleep is more important than the test!

A

B

C

D

1

shouldn’t

mustn’t

can’t

should

2

can

should

can’t

must

3

have

must

shouldn’t

can

4

don’t have to

mustn’t

can’t

don’t have

5

mustn’t

can

doesn’t have to

can’t

6

must

mustn’t

don’t have

have

7

should

must

mustn’t

have to

8

should

must

shouldn’t

can

3. Complete the sentences with the words related to the topic “Natural disasters”. Use exercise 2, lesso 41. The first letters have been written to help you.

1. A v ___ often produces ash when it erupts.

2. A w ___ often happens when it’s very hot for a long time.

3. If it doesn’t rain for a long time, there’s a d ___ and sometimes there’s a famine, too. Many people starve.

4. A h ___ is a very strong wind that can destroy trees and houses.

5. You should stay in bed if you have a serious d ___ which you might spread to other people.

6. T ___ are big waves after an e ___ out at sea. When the waves hit the coast, there are terrible ruins.

4. Work with your partner. Practise asking and answering the following questions.

1. If you had the power to stop a natural disaster that has happened in the past, which would you choose? Why?

2. What is the difference between natural disasters and manmade disasters?

3. Do some natural disasters occur repeatedly in the same area? Do many people live in these areas?

4. What are examples of manmade disasters?

5. What examples are there of natural disasters? What kind of damage can they cause?

6. Do you know anyone who has been in a natural disaster?

5. Complete the sentences with the words from the box below.

can could have to must might should

1. Ted’s flight from Amsterdam took more than 11 hours. He ___ be exhausted after such a long flight. He ___ prefer to stay in tonight and get some rest.

2. If you want to get a better feeling for how the city is laid out, you __ walk downtown and explore the waterfront.

3. Hiking the trail to the peak ___ be dangerous if you are not well prepared for dramatic weather changes. You research the route a little more.

4. When you have a small child in the house, you ___ leave small objects lying around. Such objects_________ be swallowed, causing serious injury or even

death.

5. Dave: ___ you hold your breath for more than a minute? - Nathan: No, I can’t.

6. Please make sure to water my plants while I am gone. If they don’t get enough water, they ___ die.

7. I speak Arabic fluently when I was a child and we lived in Egypt. But after we moved back to Canada, I had very little practice and forgot almost everything I knew as a child. Now, I ___ just say a few things in the language.

8. The book is optional. My professor said we ___ read it if we needed extra points. But we____________________ not read it if we don’t want to.

9. You _____ take your umbrella along with you today. The weatherman on the news said there’s a storm north of here and it ___ rain later on this afternoon.

10. Oh no! Frank’s wallet is lying on the coffee table. He have left it here last night.

11. -__ you always say the first thing that pops into your head? You think once in a while before you speak?

12. I had been reading the book last night before I went to bed. I didn’t take it out of this room. It __ be lying around here somewhere. Where

it be?

1. Zoology/ psychology/ biology/ science-fiction

2. Survive/ kill off/ become extinct/ wipe out

3. Scientist/ optimist/ zoologist/ biologist

4. Massive/ epidemic/ vast/ limited

5. Eel/ bat/ fly/ owl

6. Penguin/ ostrich/ skylark/ bee

7. Mosquito/ cockroach/ beetle/ ape

LESSONS 43-44 (OPTIONAL)

6. Choose the odd word out in each group and explain why it doesn’t fit.

CHECK YOUR KNOWLEDGE

A. Choose the correct item to complete the sentences (8 points).

1. Take your umbrella as it ___ today.

a. may rains

b. may rain

c. might rain

2. He is still at work ! He ___ late I am afraid.

a. may comes

b. may come

c. might came

3. John couldn’t repair his washing-machine; he ___ his neighbour.

a. mights ask

b. might have asked

c. may asked

4. They talked too loudly. They ___ the baby!

a. might have wake

b. might have woken

c. might has woke

5. Darling! I wonder if I ___ you that marvellous car you saw yesterday?

a. may offer

b. might offer

c. might offers

6. Mum! My friends are having a party tonight; ___ please?

a. may I go

b. may they go

c. may I gone

7. He ___ late because his flight has been delayed.

a. may been

b. might is

c. may be

8. Look at those clouds ! It ___ in a minute.

a. mays rain

b. will may rain

c. may rain

B. Choose the correct item to complete the sentences. More than one correct item is possible. (10 points).

1. He ___ be able to help you.

a. may

b. must

c. should

d. will

2. She ___ have to sell her car and other belongings to pay her debts.

a. will

b. will probably

c. might

d. would

3. Where is Anna? - I don’t know. She ___ be at the swimming pool or in the park.

a. could

b. should

c. must

d. has to

4. It ___ be as easy as you think.

a. can’t

b. couldn’t

c. might not

d. must not

5. Don’t ring the doorbell when you get there.

Maria’s little baby ___ sleeping.

a. must be

b. should be

c. may be

d. may not be

6. How did the robbers get in? - We don’t know yet.

The old woman ___ to lock the door.

a. might forget

b. could forget

c. might have forgotten

d. must have forgotten

7. I called her but there was no answer. She ___ left for New York already.

a. may have

b. must have

c. should have

d. has probably

8. When can I see him? ___ come back before six today?

a. May he

b. Might he

c. Would he

d. Is he likely to

9. I wonder who wrote that letter. ___ Jim have written it?

a. May

b. Might

c. Could

10. He said that he ___ go to Italy in June or July.

a. can

b. should

c. might

d. would

C. Fill in the blanks with the correct modal verb (18 points).

1. Susan hear the speaker because the crowd was cheering so loudly.

2. The television isn’t working. It ___ damaged during the move.

3. You ___ be rich to be a success. Some of the most successful people I know haven’t got a penny to their name.

4. I’ve redone this math problem at least twenty times, but my answer is wrong according to the answer key. The answer in the book ___ be wrong!

5. You ___ do the job if you didn’t speak Japanese fluently.

6. You ___ be kidding! That can’t be true.

7. You ___ leave the table once you have finished your meal and politely excused yourself.

8. ___ we move into the living room? It’s more comfortable in there and there’s a beautiful view of the lake.

9. If I had gone white water rafting with my friends, I ___ down the Colorado River right now.

10. The lamp ___ be broken. Maybe the light bulb just burned out.

11. You ___ take along some cash. The restaurant may not accept credit cards.

12. The machine ___ be turned on by flipping this switch.

13. I can’t stand these people - I ___ get out of here. I’m going to take off for a while while you get rid of them.

14. You ___ forget to pay the rent tomorrow. The landlord is very strict about paying on time.

15. Terry and Frank said they would come over right after work, so they_____________________________________________ ___ be here by 6:00.

16. Yesterday, I ___ cram all day for my French final. I didn’t get to sleep until after midnight.

17. We ___ no longer suffer the injustice of oppression! Freedom shall be ours!

18. If I had gone to the University of Miami, I ___ participated in their

Spanish immersion program.





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