Підручник Англійська мова 9 клас (9-й рік навчання) - Л.І. Морська - Астон 2017 рік

UNIT 5. GREAT BRITAIN

LESSON 45

1. Read the text about the UK. Pay attention to word combinations in bold.

What Makes the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland?

The UK is situated north-west of the European continent between the Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea. It has a total land area of 244,100 square kilometres, of which nearly 99% is land and the remainder inland water. From north to south it is about 1,000 kilometres long. The UK is a part of Europe.

“England” is sometimes, wrongly, used in reference to the whole United Kingdom, the entire island of Great Britain (or simply Britain), or indeed the British Isles. This is not only incorrect but can cause offence to people from other parts of the UK. The diverse history of England, Scotland and Wales has led to very different cultural traditions.

England, Scotland, Wales, Great Britain refer to different parts of the UK. The British Isles include many islands not even part of the UK.

The name the United Kingdom refers to the union of what were once four separate countries: England (capital city - London), Scotland (capital city - Edinburgh), Wales (capital city - Cardiff), and Northern Ireland (capital city - Belfast).

History of the UK

1536 - Act of Union joined England and Wales

1707 - Act of Union united Scotland and England, together with Wales to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.

1801 - The Irish Parliament voted to join the Union. The Kingdom of Great Britain became the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

1922 - The name was c hanged to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, when most of the Southern counties in Ireland chose independence.

Great Britain is the largest Island in the UK. Great Britain (England, Scotland and Wales) is surrounded by seas on all sides and is separated from the European continent by the North Sea and the English Channel. It is just 1,000 kilometres from the south coast to the far north and just under 500 kilometres in the widest part. No place in Great Britain is more than 120 kilometres from the sea.

Great Britain is one of the most densely populated countries of Europe, with the southern parts of the country reaching the highest density figures of Europe as a whole.

The main mountain regions are the Cornish Heights, the Cumbrian in Wales, the Cumbrian Mountains (in the Lake District) and the Pennines. The highest mountain in Great Britain is Ben Nevis in Scotland.

There are many rivers in Great Britain. Among the most important rivers is the Thames, which flows into the North Sea. Its length is 336 km and it is the deepest river in Britain. It is navigable as far as the capital of Great Britain - London. The longest river in Britain is the Severn. Its length is 354 km (220 miles). Other important rivers include the Trent, the Tay and the Tweed.

The capital and largest city, London, is in the southeast and is situated on both sides of the River Thames. Greater London has a total land area of 1,580 square kilometres with a population of 6.6 million inhabitants. It is divided in 32 boroughs.

2. Read the text in exercise 1 again and state the tense forms of passive sentences (with word combinations in bold).

3. Quiz. Choose the correct answer.

1) What’s the capital of the Republic of Ireland?

a) Cardiff

b) Dublin

c) London

d) Belfast

2) Where in Britain can you find Loch Ness?

a) England

b) Wales

c) Scotland

d) Northern Ireland

3) What is the capital of Scotland?

a) Glasgow

b) Aberdeen

c) Edinburgh

d) Inverness

4) What is the highest mountain in Britain?

a) Snowdon

b) Ben Nevis

c) Ben Macdhui

d) Scafell Pike

5) In which part of Britain can you find the Snowdonia National Park?

a) England

b) Wales

c) Scotland

d) Northern Ireland

6) Which part of Britain is not in the flag of the UK?

a) England

b) Wales

c) Scotland

d) Northern Ireland

7) What is the flag of the UK called?

a) Tricolore

b) Union Jack

c) Stars and Stripes

d) United Kingdom

8) In which part of the UK is the Lake District?

a) England

b) Wales

c) Scotland

d) Northern Ireland

4. Rewrite the sentences in the Passive Voice. There is a model to help you.

Model:

Jane will buy a new computer. - A new computer will be bought by Jane.

1. Her boyfriend will install it. 2. Millions of people will visit the museum. 3. Our boss will sign the contract. 4. You will not do it. 5. They will not show the new film. 6. He won’t visit Sue. 7. They will not ask him. 8. Will the company employ a new worker? 9. Will the plumber repair the shower?

5. Write passive sentences in the Present Simple. There is a model to help you.

Model: the documents / print - The documents are printed every morning.

1. the window / open_____________________________

2. the shoes / buy________________________________

3. the car / wash_________________________________

4. the litter / throw away__________________________

5. the letter / send_______________________________

6. the book / read / not___________________________

7. the songs / sing / not___________________________

8. the food / eat / not_____________________________

9. the shop / close / not___________________________

6. Rewrite the sentences in the Passive Voice.

There is a model to help you.

Model: John collects money. - Money is collected by John.

1. Anna opened the window. 2. I will ask a question. 3. The sheep ate a lot. 4. We do not clean our rooms. 5. William will not repair the car. 6. Did Sue draw this circle? 7. Read the tongue-twister as quickly as you can.

If practice makes perfect and perfect needs practice, I’m perfectly practised and practically perfect.

8. Give words for the given definitions. Use the text in exercise 1 to help you. Make up sentences with the words.

1. political freedom from control by the government of another country

2. the degree to which an area is filled with people or things

3. the art of upsetting someone by something you do or say

4. (adjective) spoken of a river that is deep and wide enough for ships to travel on

5. a town, or part of a large city, that is responsible for managing its own schools, hospitals, roads, etc

6. one of the people who live in a particular place.





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