Підручник Англійська мова 9 клас (9-й рік навчання) - Л.І. Морська - Астон 2017 рік

UNIT 5. GREAT BRITAIN

LESSON 47

1. Listen to the radio programme and answer the following questions.

1. How did the fire start?

2. What made the fire take hold so strongly and make it difficult to fight?

3. How long had the fire been burning?

4. What happened to the population who weren’t wealthy?

5. How many homes were destroyed?

Callum: Hello, I’m Callum Robertson and this is London Life. I’m not in the comfort of the studio today, as you might be able to hear, I’m out and about in London. To be exact I’m in the street called Pudding Lane. And it was here in this street that 440 years ago, in September 1666, the Great Fire of London began. To tell us a bit more about the fire and this particular location, I’ve been joined by James Clare who is the Historic Buildings Architect for the City of London. James, 440 years ago at the time of the Great Fire, what was London like?

James: London was a very large medieval city, one of the major cities in Europe and it was full of wooden buildings. The streets were very narrow.

Callum: What do we know of how the fire started?

James: It started in the premises of a baker and it started very early in the morning. It started fairly slowly but once it caught hold, it was very rapid in spreading around.

Callum: And I suppose because the streets were so narrow and the buildings were made of wood it was really a disaster waiting to happen.

James: Absolutely. There were fires every so often but none was as great as this. Compared to earlier fires, it took hold and it was fanned by a very strong wind from the east which pushed the fire across the city towards the west and there was very little, if anything, that people could do to fight the fire at that time.

Callum: And how long did the fire last?

James: It lasted between four and five days although it continued to smolder for many days after that.

Callum: How did the fire finally come to an end? Did it burn itself out?

James: It certainly burnt so much of the city that there was relatively little left to burn. The most significant factor was that the wind weakened and this allowed the people to fight the fire and finally to overcome it.

Callum: What were the effects of the fire?

James: There were enormous numbers of homeless people. The wealthy were able to move out to the countryside but the main population had to flee to open fields.

Callum: What was the extent of the destruction of the City of London?

James: St Paul’s Cathedral went on fire, the old St. Paul’s Cathedral. There were some 13 or 14 thousand houses and 87 churches burnt out.

Callum: James Clare, thank you very much.

James: Thank you very much, Callum.

Callum: Well, that’s all from this special edition of London Life from Pudding Lane.

2. Match the words with their definitions. Use the dictionary if necessary.

to fan the flames

a large destructive fire

to put out a fire

an area which is cleared of things that can burn to stop a fire from spreading

a blaze

to stop a fire from burning

an arsonist

to make a fire stronger by providing a moving source of air, for example, wind

the fire brigade

a phrasal verb with the same meaning as ‘to extinguish a fire’

to extinguish a fire

a device which contains water, foam, carbon dioxide or other substance which is used to put out fires

a conflagration

a dramatic word for a fire which causes damage

a fire extinguisher

the emergency service whose job is to put out fires

a fire break

a person who deliberately starts a fire for criminal reasons

3. How well do you know London? Read the information about London sights and match each story with the pictures below.

A. The Tower of London has a very interesting story behind it. It was built by a man who was not even English, William of Normandy. William ordered that this would be the “symbol of his power, a fortress for his defence, and a prison for his enemies».

B. This bridge across the Thames River has a colourful and continuous history that dates back to Roman times. The first London Bridge was built by Romans sometime after 43 AD and some of its wooden remains have been uncovered on the north side of the river. During its life the wooden structure was renewed several times.

C. Containing such priceless antiquities as the Rosetta Stone, the Elgin Marbles, an original copy of the Magna Carta, the Lindisfarne Gospels and the Sutton Hoo treasure, the British Museum is considered to be in the first rank among the world’s great museums.

D. Only about seven tenths of a mile in length, running between Oxford Street to the south and Regent’s Park to the north, Baker Street enjoys a fame and name recognition thanks to a fabulous hero from Arthur Conan Doyle’s stories.

E. Westminster Abbey is the most beautiful of the Gothic churches in the capital and was founded by Edward the Confessor in the 11th century. All coronations have taken place here since William the Conqueror. And most British monarchs from Henry III to George II were buried here.

F. Built in 1703 years ago by the "man who was the Duke of Buckingham" at that time. When George III became king, he liked the palace so much that he bought it, and English kings and queens have lived in it ever since. Buckingham Palace is attended night and day by special troops of the British Army. Buckingham Palace is the official London residence of the British monarch since Queen Victoria in 1837.

G. Trafalgar Square, London’s most famous, was laid out in 1829 to 1841 to commemorate Nelson’s victory at the Battle of the same name in 1805. Dominating the square, on a column that is 185 feet high, is the 17 foot high statue of Nelson himself.

H. Harrods is the place to come to buy that chic green bag that wraps all purchases made here from a Chelsea bun to a grand piano.

I. Piccadilly Circus is London’s hub. Five major roads converge here - most of the theatres are within a few hundred yards of it. In the centre of the area there is the statue of Eros which was unveiled in 1893.

J. St Paul’s, London’s city cathedral was designed by Sir Christopher Wren. The work was started 9 years after the medieval church had been burnt down in the Great Fire.

4. Use exercise 3 and any reference material to complete the table.

The sights

The year of foundation

A designer (if any)

A founder (if any)

Location

Trafalgar Square

The Tower of London

Buckingham Palace

St. Paul’s Cathedral

The British Museum

Cleopatra’s Needle

The Albert Memorial

Westminster Abbey

Exam Skill Builder

5. Match the texts about five important events in recent British history with the headings A-F. There is one extra heading.

A. A new kind of leader_

B. A sad day __

C. How did it get there?

D. Listen to us__

E. They couldn’t escape_

F. On top of the world_

Events That Changed Britain

1. The great train robbery. In 1963 a gang of 13 men carried out one of the biggest robberies in British history. They stopped a train and stole 2,3 million pounds. During the robbery, the train driver was hit on the head and died 7 years later. The police found their fingerprints and the gang travelled all over the world to escape but, in the end, the police caught all thirteen of them. Nobody ever found the money.

2. The coronation of Elizabeth II. King George VI was a very popular king and the country was heartbroken when he died in 1952. The coronation of his daughter, Elizabeth, took place on June 2nd, 1952. Twenty million people watched on television and another 11 million listened to the coronation on the radio. While they were listening and watching, news came in from Nepal that Edmund Hilary and Sherpa Tensing had climbed to the top of Mount Everest, the first people to do so. They reached the top on May 29th but news took four days to come through.

3. Margaret Thatcher became the leader of the Conservative Party in Britain in 1975 when the Labour Party were in power. There were many problems in Britain in the late 1970s. People found it hard to get jobs, prices were going up and, in 1979, the Conservative Party came up with a famous slogan: “Labour isn’t working”. In May that year, Margaret Thatcher became the Prime Minister, the first woman ever to be the Prime Minister in Britain. She led the country for 11 years and changed it forever.

4. The Beatles in America. At the end of 1963, the Beatles were the most popular pop group in England. Fans screamed at their concerts and they sold millions of records. But, in America, nobody knew who they were. No English groups were popular in America. Two months later, in February 1964, the Beatles were number one there and millions of people watched them on television on the Ed Sullivan show. Over the next few years, many groups like the Rolling Stones and the Who also went to America and changed the world of rock and roll.

5. The 1966 World Cup. In 1966, the world cup was played in England. The excitement started four months before when the cup disappeared. A dog, named Pickles, found it in a garden and nobody ever knew who took it and how it got into the garden. When the football started, England made it to the final against their old enemies, West Germany. It was an exciting match with 6 goals altogether, England winning 4-2. Just before the last goal, some fans started running onto the pitch. The commentator famously said: “They think it’s all over” and then, when the goal went in he continued: “It is now”.

6. After-task reflection. Answer the questions.

1. What words in paragraph 3 helped you to find the matching?

2. What words and grammar phenomenon helped you to find the matching for the first paragraph?

3. What is the main idea in paragraph 5? Did knowing it help you to find the extra heading?

7. Use the information below and make up relevant comparisons as given in the model.

Model:

The Tube is quicker than the Airbus. The Airbus is more expensive than the Tube. The Tube is not as quick as the Heathrow Express. In other words the Heathrow Express is quicker than the Tube.

The Tube is the cheapest. A taxi is the most expensive.

1. The Tube

Journey Time. From Heathrow to King’s Cross takes approximately 1 hour. There are no traffic delays on the tube, but there are sometimes other problems and delays can occur.

Cost. From Heathrow to central London it costs £ 3.70 for an adult single fare, £ 1.50 for a child single fare.

Frequency. Trains leave every few minutes.

Comfort. The tube can be overcrowded, especially during rush hour. There is limited space for luggage. Smoking is not allowed on the underground.

2. Airbus

Journey Time. From Heathrow terminal 4 to London takes approximately 1 hour 45 minutes.

Cost. From Heathrow to central London it costs £ 8.00 for an adult single fare, £ 4.00 for a child single fare.

Frequency. Coaches leave every 20-30 minutes.

Comfort. When you book your ticket you are guaranteed a seat. Modern air- conditioned, double-decker coaches. Smoking is not allowed on Airbus services.

3. Heathrow Express

Journey Time. From Heathrow to Paddington takes 15 minutes.

Cost. From Heathrow to Paddington costs £ 6.00 for an adult single fare, £ 3.00 for a child single fare. There is also a 10% discount for booking online.

Frequency. Trains leave every 15 minutes.

Comfort. Modern, air conditioned trains. Smoking is not allowed on the Heathrow Express. A special ‘quiet zone’ is available.

4. Taxi

Journey Time. The journey time obviously changes according to the time of day and traffic conditions (road works, diversions etc), but takes between 30 and 75 minutes.

Cost. Cost can vary according to which

minicab company you use, but a typical fare is around £ 34.00

Frequency. There are usually lots of taxis available, but you may like to book in advance and be met at the airport.

Comfort. You may get talking to the cabby - London taxi drivers are famous for their ability to ‘chat’.





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