Підручник Англійська мова 9 клас (9-й рік навчання) - Л.І. Морська - Астон 2017 рік

UNIT 5. GREAT BRITAIN

LESSON 48

1. Find out about the life of a London taxi driver. Listen to the radio programme and answer the questions given below.

1. Where does the word ‘cab’ come from?

2. What is the name of the test that London taxi drivers must take?

3. How long does it take to prepare for and pass this test?

4. What does Mickey think of the congestion charge?

Callum: Hello, I’m Callum Robertson and this is London Life. In the programme today - what do you think would be the most stressful and dangerous job in Britain: a police officer, perhaps a deep sea fishermen? Well no, according to a recent survey being a London taxi driver takes that prize.

Taxi driver: It is a really tough job, mentally, physically. Traffic is getting worse and worse. In London there are a lot of traffic jams. Often the traffic runs very slowly because of this congestion. Congestion, a word used to talk about the situation when there is a lot of traffic which can’t move at a reasonable speed. For most of us if we have to sit in a traffic jam for a few minutes we get stressed and irritated. But imagine if you had to do that all day, every day as your job! Perhaps then it’s a little easier to understand why taxi drivers feel so stressed about their jobs.

Callum: Before we hear from another taxi driver, here’s a little bit of background. One of the typical images of London is that of the black taxi also known as a black cab. The word ‘cab’ is a shortened form of the French word Cabriolet. Originally they were horse- drawn vehicles and the ‘driver’ was known as a ‘cabbie’. This term is still used today for a taxi driver, a cabbie. Cabbies and their cabs have to be licensed and to get a license the driver in London has to pass a very difficult test called ‘The Knowledge’. To prepare for the test would-be drivers have to memorize routes and places of interest around central London. This is an area which has about 25,000 streets!

They need to be able to take passengers from A to B without having to look at a map and without having to ask for directions. It usually takes nearly three years for drivers to learn the streets and pass the test. Now, let’s hear some more from a London cabbie. Mickey Tarbuck explains why he feels that the job is stressful.

Mickey Tarbuck:Well, during the course of the day we’re in traffic all day long and the passengers that get into the back just want to get from A to B as quickly as possible and sometimes they put you in a position where as soon as they get in they say “I’ve got 15 minutes to get there” and straightaway you’re under pressure to get ‘em there. It’s not easy, with the road conditions now. When the congestion charge first came in, it worked, it was good, the traffic did ease off. But it seems to be getting back up to the levels it was when it came in.

2. Match the words whith their definitions (use exercise 1).

a cab

an adjective used for people who want to have or who are training for a particular job

a cabbie

when the road is so busy that the cars are not moving or are moving very slowly

would-be

to become less

congestion

a taxi

to ease off

a scheme which is used in London and other cities. Drivers have to pay to drive their cars in central London during the day

the Congestion Charge

when there are so many cars that it causes the traffic to move slowly. Congestion causes traffic jams

a traffic jam

a taxi driver

3. Choose the correct answer. Match the pictures with the names of the places.

1. 8 million live in London.

a. cats

b. people

c. sheep

2. London is 1959 years old. The Roman name of London was ...

a. Londinium

b. Lundy

c. Laundry

3. A London bus is ...

a. black

b. yellow

c. red

4. The Prime Minister lives in ...

a. St. Paul’s Cathedral

b. 10 Downing Street

c. Buckingham Palace

5. This is ...

a. the Eiffel Tower

b. the Devil’s Wheel

c. the London Eye

6. From the Eye you can see (more than one answer is possible).

a. Big Ben

b. the Pyramids

c. Nelson Column

d. the Statue of Liberty

e. Tower Bridge

f. the Tower of London

g. Buckingham Palace

h. the Sydney Opera House

Exam Skill Builder

4. Read the text about cultural life in Britain and match the paragraphs with the headings below.

A. Changing national traditions.

B. Immigration in England.

C. The changing face of England.

1. Visitors to big cities in England are often surprised to hear very little English. They see faces of all different colours, shops selling food from Jamaica, South America, Italy and France, dozens of different kinds of restaurants (Chinese and Indian are the most common), mosques for Pakistanis and Somalis and temples for Indians. “Where are the English?”, the visitors ask.

2. Most of the “foreign” faces that the visitors see are actually English. England has a long history of immigration. Many, such as the Irish, have come to find work and better pay. Large numbers of Poles, Italians and South Americans have come for the same reason, but the biggest groups of economic immigrants have come from Britain’s former colonies: Jamaica, India, Pakistan and Nigeria, for example.

Others, like the French Protestants in the 17th century or Russian Jews in the 20th century came looking for religious freedom. Still other came because they had no choice: these include slaves that came from black Africa, or, in more recent times, refugees from countries like Somalia or Uganda who were looking for political freedom.

3. With so many different nationalities, English identity is changing. About 30% of the population of London now come from non-English backgrounds. The Church of England is less and less popular (more people now go to mosques than churches). Fish and chips is no longer the most popular food in the country (it is curry). There are also sometimes conflicts between the different nationality groups. Although racial discrimination is illegal, it remains a serious problem. For the first time ever, English people are now asking themselves: “What does it mean to be English?”

5. After-task reflection. Answer the questions.

1. In what paragraphs have you found the word “face”? What strategy helped you to choose the right matching for the heading C?

2. What kind of changing traditions does the text tell you about? Name them. What paragraph gives the information about those traditions?

3. Was it difficult to find the matching for heading B? Why?

6. Put the highlighted words from the text in the previous exercise in the following categories. Explait their meaning. Use the dictionary if necessary.

1. People who move from one country or place to another: ___

2. Reasons for moving to another country or place: ___

3. Religious places: ___

7. Read the text from exercise 4 and answer the following questions.

1. Can you name three of Britain’s former colonies?

2. How many people in London do not come from an English background?

3. What is the most popular food in England?

4. When did French Protestants come to England?

5. Why did Russian Jews come to England?

6. Why did the Irish come to England?

7. Which countries did political refugees come from?

8. Where did slaves come from?

9. Which religions places are now more popular than churches?

10. Why are visitors to England sometimes surprised?

11. What are the most common kinds of restaurants?

12. What question do many English people often ask themselves?

8. Put commas in the given sentences, if necessary.

1. A babysitter is a girl who takes care of small children.

2. My new television which I bought last month is out of order.

3. He sent the book to his Irish pen-friend who really liked it.

4. Her purse which was full of money has been stolen.

5. The man who asked you for money wasn’t a beggar.

6. The goods which you have ordered are not available.

9. Read the tongue-twister as quickly as you can.

The batter with the butter is the batter that is better!





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