Підручник Англійська мова 9 клас (9-й рік навчання) - Л.І. Морська - Астон 2017 рік

UNIT 5. GREAT BRITAIN

LESSON 50

1. Look at the photos and read the information about famous British people of different times. Then match the paragraphs with appropriate photos. What else do you know about these people?

a. Sir Winston Churchill was a politician, a soldier, an artist, and the 20th century’s most famous and celebrated Prime Minister.

b. Isambard Kingdom Brunel was an extraordinary Victorian engineer. He designed and built bridges, ships, railways and other structures.

c. Diana, Princess of Wales. From the time of her marriage to the Prince of Wales in 1981 until her death in a car accident in Paris in 1997, Diana, Princess of Wales was one of the world’s most high-profile, most photographed, and most iconic celebrities.

d. Charles Darwin was a British naturalist of the nineteenth century. He and others developed the theory of evolution. This theory forms the basis for the modern life sciences. Darwin’s most famous books are ‘The Origin of Species’ and ‘The Descent of Man’.

e. William Shakespeare was a playwright and poet whose works are considered the greatest in English literature. He wrote dozens of plays which continue to dominate world theatre.

f. Sir Isaac Newton was a mathematician and scientist who invented differential calculus and formulated the theory of universal gravitation, a theory about the nature of light, and three laws of motion.

g. Queen Elizabeth I. The daughter of King Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, Queen Elizabeth I reigned England from 1558-1603. Her reign was marked by several plots to overthrow her, the execution of Mary Queen of Scots (1587), the defeat of the Spanish Armada (1588), and domestic prosperity and literary achievement.

h. John Lennon was a musician and composer who was a member of the Beatles, the biggest rock band of the 1960s.

i. Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson. Nelson is the greatest hero in British naval history, an honour he earned by defeating Napoleon’s fleet in the 1805 Battle of Trafalgar.

j. Oliver Cromwell was a military, political, and religious figure who led the Parliamentarian victory in the English Civil War (1642-1649) and called for the execution of Charles I. He was Lord Protector of England for much of the 1650s, ruling in place of the country’s traditional monarchy.

k. Captain James Cook was an explorer of the eighteenth century, known for his voyages to the Pacific Ocean. Cook visited New Zealand, established the first European colony in Australia, and was the first European to visit Hawaii. He also approached Antarctica and explored much of the western coast of North America.

l. King Alfred the Great. King of the West Saxons (871-899), scholar, and lawmaker who repelled the Danes and helped consolidate England into a unified kingdom.

m. Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington. British general and politician. Commander of British troops during the Peninsular War (1808-1814), he defeated Napoleon at Waterloo (1815), thus ending the Napoleonic Wars.

n. Margaret Thatcher. Baroness Thatcher was the United Kingdom’s first woman prime minister, and she held the office of PM for longer than anyone in the 20th century.

2. Read the text and choose the correct word.

John Winston Ono Lennon is one of the most fame / famous musical artists ever. He shot to fame / famous as one of The Beatles. He co-wrote most of the band’s songs, the majority of which are now rock classical / classics. He also helped shape the social revolution of the 1960s. His solo career further elevated /elevator him as a music legend. Lennon also achieved fame as a peace activist.

Lennon was born in Liverpool in 1940. He was brought/bring up by an aunt, who bought him a harmonica and taught him how to play / playing the banjo.

Lennon’s mother played him Elvis Presley records and he fell / fallen in love with Rock and Roll. He told his mother and aunt he would / will be a famous singer one day.

Lennon met Paul McCartney in / at 1957 at a church hall concert. They became friends and began writing / written songs together.

They formed a band called The Beatles. They became popular playing live at local clubs in Liverpool and Germany. Then they became the most successful and influence / influential band in music history. Lennon famously said The Beatles were more popular / popularity than Jesus.

Lennon left The Beatles in 1970. That / The same year he released the ‘John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band’ album, which he recorded with / by his Japanese wife Yoko Ono. His album ‘Imagine’ followed in 1971. The title song became an anthem / army for anti-war movements. More classic albums followed. On 8th December 1980, Lennon was shot and killed outside his New York apartment by a deranged/ ranged fan.

3. Match the words from exercise 2 on the left with their synonyms on the right.

Paragraphs 1 and 2

1.

shot

a.

form

2

shape

b.

instructed

3.

activist

c.

raised

4.

brought up

d.

rose

5.

taught

e.

well known

6.

famous

f.

campaigner

Paragraphs 3 and 4

7.

friends

g.

groups

8.

formed

h.

important

9.

influential

i.

came after

10.

movements

j.

buddies

11.

followed

k

mad

12.

deranged

l

started

4. Complete the sentences with who / which / whose and put commas, if necessary.

1. Our house is pretty old has 3 bedrooms.

2. A waiter is someone works in a restaurant.

3. The girl you saw at the disco was Susan.

4. My wife was unemployed has a new job.

5. Jack is my neighbour lived in the USA.

6. Was the fax number you gave me correct?

7. I asked Jill explained it to me.

8. Mr. Craig office is on the first floor can help you.

9. Your map was very helpful is on the table.

Exam Skill Builder

5. Read the tips for describing places and complete them with the statements below.

1. Good points.

2. Bad points.

3. Background information (the population, the geographical location, local transport, some historical details, the weather, the major industries, etc).

4. Things you can see and do (tourist sights, shops, nightlife, sports and leisure activities, museums and galleries).

5. Conclusion.

Organize your description in paragraphs.

Start with an introduction: mention ___ - where the place is, how old it is, what kind of place it is, how to get there.

Give your opinion - use a variety of adjectives to describe the place.

Mention ___ and ___ .

Mention the ___ there.

End with a ___ in which you sum up what you think of the place.

6. Use the tips from exercise 6 to describe a world famous city. Consult any reference information.





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